Methylprednisolone


Generic Medicine Info
Administration
Should be taken with food.
Contraindications
Systemic fungal infections unless specific anti-infective therapy is employed; IM admin in idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Intrathecal admin. Concurrent admin of live or live, attenuated vaccines (in patients receiving immunosuppressive doses).
Special Precautions
Patient w/ heart failure, HTN, DM, GI disease (e.g. diverticulitis, intestinal anastomoses, peptic ulcer, ulcerative colitis), multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, acute MI, cataracts, glaucoma, osteoporosis, history of seizure disorder, thyroid disease. Avoid abrupt withdrawal. Renal and hepatic impairment (including cirrhosis). Childn. Pregnancy and lactation. Monitoring Parameters Monitor BP, blood glucose, electrolytes, growth in childn.
Adverse Reactions
Adrenal suppression, anaphylactoid reactions, immunosuppression, acute myopathy, Kaposi's sarcoma, psychiatric disturbances (e.g. depression, euphoria, insomnia, mood swings, personality changes), increased susceptibility and severity of infections, impaired healing, HTN, Na and fluid retention, CV collapse (high dose), peptic ulcer, cataract subcapsular, skin atrophy, acne, muscular weakness, growth retardation, decreased blood K; dermal/subdermal skin depression at inj site. Topical: Itching, burning erythema, vesiculation; rarely, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, perioral dermatitis, skin discolouration, allergic skin reactions.
Drug Interactions
Loss of corticosteroid-induced adrenal suppression w/ aminoglutethimide. Risk of hypokalaemia w/ K-depleting agents (e.g. amphotericin B, diuretics). Decreased clearance w/ macrolide antibiotics. May decrease serum levels of isoniazid. Increased clearance w/ cholestyramine. Risk of convulsions w/ ciclosporin. Increased risk of arrhythmias w/ digitalis glycosides. Decreased metabolism w/ oestrogens, including OCs. Enhanced metabolism w/ CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. rifampicin, barbiturates). Increased plasma concentrations w/ CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, erythromycin). Risk of GI effects w/ aspirin or other NSAIDs. May increase the anticoagulant effect of warfarin. May reduce the therapeutic effect of antidiabetics.
ATC Classification
D07AA01 - methylprednisolone ; Belongs to the class of weak (group I) corticosteroids. Used in the treatment of dermatological diseases.
H02AB04 - methylprednisolone ; Belongs to the class of glucocorticoids. Used in systemic corticosteroid preparations.
D10AA02 - methylprednisolone ; Belongs to the class of topical corticosteroids used in the treatment of acne.
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