Advate Special Precautions

octocog alfa




Firma Chun Cheong
Full Prescribing Info
Special Precautions
Hypersensitivity: Allergic type hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, have been reported with ADVATE. The product contains traces of mouse and hamster proteins. If symptoms of hypersensitivity occur, patients should be advised to discontinue use of the product immediately and contact their physician. Patients should be informed of the early signs of hypersensitivity reactions including hives, generalised urticaria, tightness of the chest, wheezing, hypotension, and anaphylaxis.
In case of shock, standard medical treatment for shock should be implemented.
Inhibitors: The formation of neutralising antibodies (inhibitors) against factor VIII is a known complication in the management of individuals with haemophilia A. These inhibitors are usually IgG immunoglobulins directed against the factor VIII procoagulant activity, which are quantified in Bethesda Units (BU) per ml of plasma using the modified assay. In patients who develop inhibitors to factor VIII, the condition may manifest itself as an insufficient clinical response. In such cases, it is recommended that a specialised haemophilia centre be contacted. The risk of developing inhibitors is correlated to the extent of exposure to factor VIII, the risk being highest within the first 20 exposure days, and to other genetic and environmental factors. Rarely, inhibitors may develop after the first 100 exposure days.
Cases of recurrent inhibitor (low titre) have been observed after switching from one factor VIII product to another in previously treated patients with more than 100 exposure days who have a previous history of inhibitor development. Therefore, it is recommended to monitor all patients carefully for inhibitor occurrence following any product switch.
The clinical relevance of inhibitor development will depend on the titre of the inhibitor, with low titre inhibitors which are transiently present or remain consistently low titre posing less of a risk of insufficient clinical response than high titre inhibitors.
In general, all patients treated with coagulation factor VIII should be carefully monitored for the development of inhibitors by appropriate clinical observations and laboratory tests. If the expected factor VIII activity plasma levels are not attained, or if bleeding is not controlled with an appropriate dose, testing for factor VIII inhibitor presence should be performed. In patients with high levels of inhibitor, factor VIII substitution therapy may not be effective and other therapeutic options should be considered. The management of such patients should be directed by physicians with experience in the care of patients with haemophilia and factor VIII inhibitors.
Catheter-related complications in treatment: If central venous access device (CVAD) is required, risk of CVAD-related complications including local infections, bacteremia and catheter site thrombosis should be considered.
Excipient related considerations: After reconstitution this medicinal product contains 0.45 mmol sodium (10 mg) per vial. To be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
It is strongly recommended that every time ADVATE is administered to a patient, the name and batch number of the product are recorded in order to maintain a link between the patient and the batch of the medicinal product.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: ADVATE has no influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
Use in Children: The listed warnings and precautions apply to both adults and children.
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