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Crysvita

Crysvita Adverse Reactions

Manufacturer:

Kyowa Kirin

Distributor:

DCH Auriga - Healthcare
Full Prescribing Info
Adverse Reactions
The following adverse reactions are described as follows and in Precautions: Hypersensitivity; Hyperphosphatemia and Risk of Nephrocalcinosis; Injection Site Reactions.
Clinical Trials Experience: Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
Adverse Reactions in Pediatric Patients with XLH: CRYSVITA was studied in three pediatric XLH studies. Study 1 is a randomized, open-label phase 3 study in XLH patients ages 1 to 12 years, who were randomized to treatment with CRYSVITA or treatment with active control of oral phosphate and active vitamin D (CRYSVITA N = 29, Active Control N = 32). Study 2 is an open-label phase 2 study in XLH patients ages 5 to 12 years (N = 52). Study 3 is an open-label phase 2 study in XLH patients ages 1 to less than 5 years (N = 13). Overall, the patient population was 1 - 12 years (mean age 7.0 years), 49% male, and 88% white.
In Study 1, patients randomized to CRYSVITA received a mean dose of approximately 0.90 mg/kg (range 0.8 - 1.2 mg/kg) every 2 weeks. All patients in this group and the active control group completed 64 weeks of treatment.
Adverse reactions occurring in ≥ 10% of subjects in the CRYSVITA group, with higher frequency than in the subjects in the active control group, through the 64-week treatment period in Study 1 are shown in Table 8. (See Table 8.)

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In Study 2, 26 of the patients received CRYSVITA at a mean dose of 1.05 mg/kg (range 0.4 - 2.0 mg/kg) every 2 weeks at Week 64; the other 26 patients received CRYSVITA every 4 weeks. The mean duration of exposure in Study 2 was 124 weeks. In Study 3, patients received CRYSVITA at a mean dose of 0.90 mg/kg (range 0.8 - 1.2 mg/kg) every 2 weeks at Week 40. The mean duration of exposure in Study 3 was 45 weeks.
Adverse reactions occurring in more than 10% of CRYSVITA-treated patients from Studies 2 and 3 are shown in Table 9. (See Table 9.)

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Hypersensitivity Reactions: In Study 1 (N=29 for CRYSVITA arm), the most frequent hypersensitivity reactions were rash (10%), injection site rash (10%) and injection site urticaria (7%). In Studies 2 and 3 (N=65), the most frequent hypersensitivity reactions were rash (22%), injection site rash (6%), and urticaria (5%).
Hyperphosphatemia: In pediatric studies, no events of hyperphosphatemia were reported.
Injection Site Reactions (ISR): In Study 1 (N=29 for CRYSVITA arm), 52% of the patients had a local injection site reaction (e.g. injection site urticaria, erythema, rash, swelling, bruising, pain, pruritus, and hematoma) at the site of CRYSVITA injection. In Studies 2 and 3 (N=65), approximately 58% of the patients had a local injection site reaction at the site of CRYSVITA injection. Injection site reactions were generally mild in severity, occurred within 1 day of injection, lasted approximately 1 to 3 days, required no treatment, and resolved in almost all instances.
Adverse Reactions in Adult Patients with XLH: The safety of CRYSVITA in adult patients with XLH was demonstrated in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (Study 4) of 134 patients, age 20-63 years (mean age 41 years), of whom most were white/Caucasian (81%) and female (65%). A total of 68 and 66 patients received at least one dose of CRYSVITA or placebo, respectively. The mean dose of CRYSVITA was 0.95 mg/kg (range 0.3 - 1.2 mg/kg) subcutaneously every 4 weeks. Adverse reactions reported in more than 5% of CRYSVITA-treated patients and 2 patients or more than with placebo from the 24-week placebo-controlled portion of Study 4 are shown in Table 10. (See Table 10.)

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The 24-week placebo controlled study was followed by a 24-week open-label treatment period in which all patients received CRYSVITA subcutaneously every 4 weeks. No new adverse reactions were identified in the open-label extension period.
Hypersensitivity Reactions: In the double-blind period of Study 4, approximately 6% of patients in both the CRYSVITA and placebo treatment groups experienced a hypersensitivity event. The events were mild or moderate and did not require discontinuation.
Hyperphosphatemia: In the double-blind period of Study 4, 7% of patients in the CRYSVITA treatment group experienced hyperphosphatemia meeting the protocol-specified criteria for dose reduction (either a single serum phosphorus greater than 5.0 mg/dL or serum phosphorus greater than 4.5 mg/dL [the upper limit of normal] on two occasions). The hyperphosphatemia was managed with dose reduction. The dose for all patients meeting the protocol-specified criteria was reduced 50 percent. A single patient required a second dose reduction for continued hyperphosphatemia.
Injection Site Reactions (ISR): In the double-blind period of Study 4, approximately 12% of patients in both the CRYSVITA and placebo treatment groups had a local reaction (e.g. injection site reaction, erythema, rash, bruising, pain, pruritus, and hematoma) at the site of the injection. Injection site reactions were generally mild in severity, occurred within 1 day of injection, lasted approximately 1 to 3 days, required no treatment, and resolved in almost all instances.
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS): In the double-blind period of Study 4, approximately 12% of the CRYSVITA treatment group had worsening of baseline restless leg syndrome (RLS) or new onset RLS of mild to moderate severity; these events did not lead to dose discontinuation. Nonserious RLS has also been reported in other repeat dose adult XLH studies; in one case, worsening baseline RLS led to drug discontinuation and subsequent resolution of the event.
Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis is prevalent in adults with XLH and spinal cord compression has been reported. In the CRYSVITA phase 2 and phase 3 studies of adults with XLH (total N=176), a total of 7 patients underwent spinal surgery. Most of these cases appeared to involve progression of a pre-existing spinal stenosis. It is unknown if CRYSVITA therapy exacerbates spinal stenosis or spinal cord compression.
Immunogenicity: As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies to burosumab in the studies described as follows with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other products may be misleading.
Pre-existing anti-drug antibodies (ADA) have been detected in up to 10% of patients in clinical studies. ADA was not detected in patients who were antibody negative at the start of treatment. However, the assay used to measure ADA is subject to interference by serum burosumab, possibly resulting in an underestimation of the incidence of antibody formation. Due to the limitation of the assay conditions, the potential clinical impact of antibodies to burosumab is not known.
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