Gemzar Adverse Reactions



Eli Lilly


Agencia Lei Va Hong
Full Prescribing Info
Adverse Reactions
The most commonly reported adverse drug reactions associated with Gemzar treatment include: nausea with or without vomiting, raised liver transaminases (AST/ALT) and alkaline phosphatase, reported in approximately 60% of patients; proteinuria and haematuria reported in approximately 50% patients; dyspnoea reported in 10-40% of patients (highest incidence in lung cancer patients); allergic skin rashes occur in approximately 25% of patients and are associated with itching in 10% of patients.
The frequency and severity of the adverse reactions are affected by the dose, infusion rate and intervals between doses (see Precautions). Dose-limiting adverse reactions are reductions in thrombocyte, leucocyte and granulocyte counts (see Dosage & Administration).
Clinical Trial Data: Frequencies are defined as: Very common (≥1/10), Common (≥1/100 to <1/10), Uncommon (≥1/1000 to <1/100), Rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1000), Very Rare (<1/10,000).
The following table of undesirable effects and frequencies is based on data from clinical trials. Within each frequency grouping, undesirable effects are presented in order of decreasing seriousness. (See Table 4.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Combination Use in Breast Cancer: The frequency of grade 3 and 4 haematological toxicities, particularly neutropaenia, increases when gemcitabine is used in combination with paclitaxel. However, the increase in these adverse reactions is not associated with an increased incidence of infections or haemorrhagic events. Fatigue and febrile neutropaenia occur more frequently when gemcitabine is used in combination with paclitaxel. Fatigue, which is not associated with anaemia, usually resolves after the first cycle. (See Table 5.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Combination Use in Bladder Cancer: See Table 6.

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Combination Use in Ovarian Cancer: See Table 7.

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Reporting of Suspected Adverse Reactions: Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions to the Drug Office, Department of Health.
Exclusive offer for doctors
Register for a MIMS account and receive free medical publications worth $768 a year.
Sign up for free
Already a member? Sign in