Havrix 720 Junior/Havrix 1440 Adult

Havrix 720 Junior/Havrix 1440 Adult

vaccine, hepatitis a

Manufacturer:

GlaxoSmithKline

Distributor:

Zuellig
/
Agencia Lei Va Hong
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Hepatitis A virus vaccine (inactivated, adsorbed).
Description
One dose (0.5 ml) of Havrix 720 Junior contains: Hepatitis A virus (inactivated)1,2 720 ELISA Units.
1Produced on human diploid (MRC-5) cells.
2Adsorbed on aluminium hydroxide, hydrated. Total: 0.25 milligrams Al3+.
One dose (1.0 ml) of Havrix 1440 Adult contains: Hepatitis A virus (inactivated)1,2 1440 ELISA Units.
1Produced on human diploid (MRC-5) cells.
2Adsorbed on aluminium hydroxide, hydrated. Total: 0.50 milligrams Al3+.
Residues: Neomycin sulphate (Havrix 720 Junior: less than 10 ng and Havrix 1440 Adult: less than 20 ng).
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Amino acids for injections, disodium phosphate, monopotassium phosphate, polysorbate 20, potassium chloride, sodium chloride, water for injections.
Action
Pharmaco-therapeutic group: Hepatitis A vaccines. ATC code: J07BC02.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Havrix confers immunisation against HAV by stimulating specific immune responses evidenced by the induction of antibodies against HAV.
Immune response: In clinical studies, 99% of vaccinees seroconverted 30 days after the first dose. In a subset of clinical studies where the kinetics of the immune response were studied, early and rapid seroconversion was demonstrated following administration of a single dose of Havrix in 79% of vaccinees at day 13, 86.3% at day 15, 95.2% at day 17 and 100% at day 19, which is shorter than the average incubation period of hepatitis A (4 weeks). (See also Toxicology: Animal toxicology and/or pharmacology as follows).
Persistence of the immune response: In order to ensure long term protection, a booster dose should be given between 6 and 12 months after the primary dose of Havrix 1440 Adult or Havrix 720 Junior. In clinical trials, virtually, all vaccinees were seropositive one month after the booster dose.
However, if the booster dose has not been given between 6 and 12 months after the primary dose, the administration of this booster dose can be delayed up to 5 years. In a comparative trial, a booster dose given up to 5 years after the primary dose has been shown to induce similar antibody levels as a booster dose given between 6 and 12 months after the primary dose.
Long term persistence of hepatitis A antibody titres following 2 doses of Havrix given 6 to 12 months apart has been evaluated.
Data available after 17 years allows prediction that at least 95% and 90% of subjects will remain seropositive (≥15 mIU/ml) 30 and 40 years after vaccination, respectively (see Table 1).

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Current data do not support the need for booster vaccination among immunocompetent subjects after a 2 dose vaccination course.
Efficacy of Havrix for outbreak control: The efficacy of Havrix was evaluated in different community-wide outbreaks (Alaska, Slovakia, USA, UK, Israel and Italy). These studies demonstrated that vaccination with Havrix led to termination of the outbreaks. A vaccine coverage of 80% led to termination of the outbreaks within 4 to 8 weeks.
Impact of mass vaccination on disease incidence: A reduction in the incidence of hepatitis A was observed in countries where a two-dose Havrix immunisation programme was implemented for children in their second year of life: In Israel, two retrospective database studies showed 88% and 95% reduction in hepatitis A incidence in the general population 5 and 8 years after the implementation of the vaccination program, respectively. Data from National Surveillance also showed a 95% reduction in hepatitis A incidence as compared to the pre-vaccination era.
In Panama, a retrospective database study showed a 90% reduction in reported hepatitis A incidence in the vaccinated population, and 87% in the general population, 3 years after implementation of the vaccination programme. In paediatric hospitals in Panama City, confirmed acute hepatitis A cases were no longer diagnosed 4 years after implementation of the vaccination programme.
The observed reductions in hepatitis A incidence in the general population (vaccinated and non-vaccinated) in both countries demonstrate herd immunity.
Pharmacokinetics: Evaluation of pharmacokinetic properties is not required for vaccines.
Toxicology: Animal toxicology and/or pharmacology: Appropriate safety tests have been performed.
In an experiment in 8 non-human primates, the animals were exposed to an heterologous hepatitis A strain and vaccinated 2 days after exposure. This post exposure vaccination resulted in protection of all animals.
Indications/Uses
Havrix is indicated for active immunisation against hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in subjects at risk of exposure to HAV.
Havrix will not prevent hepatitis infection caused by other agents such as hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, hepatitis E virus or other pathogens known to infect the liver.
In areas of low to intermediate prevalence of hepatitis A, immunisation with Havrix is particularly recommended in subjects who are, or will be, at increased risk of infection such as: Travellers. Persons travelling to areas where the prevalence of hepatitis A is high. These areas include Africa, Asia, the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, Central and South America.
Armed Forces. Armed Forces personnel who travel to higher endemicity areas or to areas where hygiene is poor have an increased risk of HAV infection. Active immunisation is indicated for these individuals.
Persons for whom hepatitis A is an occupational hazard or for whom there is an increased risk of transmission. These include employees in day-care centres, nursing, medical and paramedical personnel in hospitals and institutions, especially gastroenterology and paediatric units, sewage workers, food handlers, among others.
Persons at increased risk due to their sexual behaviour. Homosexuals, persons with multiple sexual partners.
Haemophiliacs.
Abusers of Injectable Drugs.
Contacts of Infected Persons. Since virus shedding of infected persons may occur for a prolonged period, active immunisation of close contacts is recommended.
Persons who require protection as part of hepatitis A outbreak control or because of regionally elevated morbidity.
Specific population groups known to have a higher incidence of hepatitis A. For example American Indians, Eskimos, recognised community-wide HAV epidemics.
Subjects with chronic liver disease or who are at risk of developing chronic liver disease (e.g. Hepatitis B (HB) and Hepatitis C (HC) chronic carriers and alcohol abusers). Hepatitis A tends to compromise the outcome of the chronic liver disease.
In areas of intermediate to high prevalence of hepatitis A (e.g. Africa, Asia, the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, Central and South America) susceptible individuals may be considered for active immunisation.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Posology: Primary vaccination: Adults from age 19 years and onwards: A single dose of Havrix 1440 Adult (1.0 ml suspension) is used for primary immunisation.
Children and adolescents from 1 year up to and including 18 years of age: A single dose of Havrix 720 Junior (0.5 ml suspension) is used for primary immunisation.
A booster dose is recommended at any time between 6 and 12 months after a single dose of Havrix 1440 Adult or Havrix 720 Junior in order to ensure long term protection.
Method of Administration: Havrix is for intramuscular administration. The vaccine should be injected in the deltoid region in adults and children, in the antero-lateral part of the thigh in young children.
The vaccine should not be administered in the gluteal region.
The vaccine should not be administered subcutaneously/intradermally since administration by these routes may result in a less than optimal anti-HAV antibody response.
Havrix should under no circumstances be administered intravascularly.
Havrix should be administered with caution to subjects with thrombocytopenia or a bleeding disorder since bleeding may occur following an intramuscular administration to these subjects. Firm pressure should be applied to the injection site (without rubbing) for at least two minutes.
Overdosage
Cases of overdose have been reported during post-marketing surveillance. Adverse events reported following overdosage were similar to those reported with normal vaccine administration.
Contraindications
Havrix should not be administered to subjects with known hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccine (see Description), or to subjects having shown signs of hypersensitivity after previous administration of Havrix.
Special Precautions
As with other vaccines, the administration of Havrix should be postponed in subjects suffering from acute severe febrile illness. The presence of a minor infection, however, is not a contraindication for vaccination.
It is possible that subjects may be in the incubation period of a hepatitis A infection at the time of vaccination. It is not known whether Havrix will prevent hepatitis A in such cases.
In haemodialysis patients and in subjects with an impaired immune system, adequate anti-HAV antibody titres may not be obtained after a single dose of Havrix and such patients may therefore require administration of additional doses of vaccine.
As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision should always be readily available in case of a rare anaphylactic event following the administration of the vaccine.
Syncope (fainting) can occur following, or even before, any vaccination as a psychogenic response to the needle injection. It is important that procedures are in place to avoid injury from faints.
Havrix can be given to HIV-infected persons.
Seropositivity against hepatitis A is not a contraindication.
Ability to perform tasks that require Judgement, Motor or Cognitive skills: The vaccine is unlikely to produce an effect on the ability to drive and use machines.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy: Adequate human data on use during pregnancy and adequate animal reproduction studies are not available. However, as with all inactivated viral vaccines the risks to the foetus are considered to be negligible. Havrix should be used during pregnancy only when clearly needed.
Lactation: Adequate human data on use during lactation and adequate animal reproduction studies are not available. Although the risk can be considered as negligible, Havrix should be used during lactation only when clearly needed.
Adverse Reactions
The safety profile presented as follows is based on data from more than 5300 subjects. Frequencies per dose are defined as follows: Very common ≥ 10%; Common ≥ 1% and < 10%; Uncommon ≥ 0.1% and < 1%; Rare ≥ 0.01% and < 0.1%; Very rare < 0.01%. (See Table 2.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image
Drug Interactions
Since Havrix is an inactivated vaccine its concomitant use with other inactivated vaccines is unlikely to result in interference with the immune responses.
Havrix can be given concomitantly with any of the following vaccines: typhoid, yellow fever, cholera (injectable), tetanus, or with monovalent and combination vaccines comprised of measles, mumps, rubella and varicella.
Concomitant administration of immunoglobulins does not impact the protective effect of the vaccine.
When concomitant administration of other vaccines or of immunoglobulins is considered necessary, the products must be given with different syringes and needles and at different injection sites.
Caution For Usage
Use and Handling: The vaccine should be inspected visually for any foreign particulate matter and/or variation of physical aspect prior to administration. Before use of Havrix, the vial/syringe should be well shaken to obtain a slightly opaque white suspension. Discard the vaccine if the content appears otherwise.
Incompatibilities: Havrix should not be mixed with other vaccines or immunoglobulins in the same syringe.
Storage
Store in the original package in order to protect from light.
Havrix should be stored at +2°C to +8°C.
Do not freeze; discard if vaccine has been frozen.
ATC Classification
J07BC02 - hepatitis A, inactivated, whole virus ; Belongs to the class of hepatitis viral vaccines.
Presentation/Packing
Havrix 720 Junior: Susp for inj (pre-filled syringe) 720 ELISA u/0.5 mL (turbid liquid suspension) x 1's.
Havrix 1440 Adult: Susp for inj (pre-filled syringe) 1,440 ELISA u/mL (turbid liquid suspension) x 1's.
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