Intravitreal injection-related reactions: Intravitreous injections, including those with Lucentis, have been associated with endophthalmitis, intraocular inflammation, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, retinal tear and iatrogenic traumatic cataract (see Adverse Reactions). Proper aseptic injection techniques must always be used when administering Lucentis. In addition, patients should be monitored during the week following the injection to permit early treatment if an infection occurs. Patients should be instructed to report any symptoms suggestive of endophthalmitis or any of the previously mentioned events without delay.
Intraocular pressure increases: Transient increases in intraocular pressure (IOP) have been seen within 60 minutes of injection of Lucentis. Sustained IOP increases have also been identified (see Adverse Reactions). Both intraocular pressure and the perfusion of the optic nerve head must be monitored and managed appropriately.
Patients should be informed of the symptoms of these potential adverse reactions and instructed to inform their physician if they develop signs such as eye pain or increased discomfort, worsening eye redness, blurred or decreased vision, an increased number of small particles in their vision, or increased sensitivity to light (see Adverse Reactions).
Bilateral treatment: Limited data on bilateral use of Lucentis (including same-day administration) do not suggest an increased risk of systemic adverse events compared with unilateral treatment.
Immunogenicity: There is a potential for immunogenicity with Lucentis. Since there is a potential for an increased systemic exposure in subjects with DME, an increased risk for developing hypersensitivity in this patient population cannot be excluded. Patients should also be instructed to report if an intraocular inflammation increases in severity, which may be a clinical sign attributable to intraocular antibody formation.
Concomitant use of other anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor): Lucentis should not be administered concurrently with other anti-VEGF medicinal products (systemic or ocular).
Withholding Lucentis: The dose should be withheld and treatment should not be resumed earlier than the next scheduled treatment in the event of: a decrease in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of ≥30 letters compared with the last assessment of visual acuity; an intraocular pressure of ≥30 mmHg; a retinal break; a subretinal haemorrhage involving the centre of the fovea, or, if the size of the haemorrhage is ≥50%, of the total lesion area; performed or planned intraocular surgery within the previous or next 28 days.
Retinal pigment epithelial tear: Risk factors associated with the development of a retinal pigment epithelial tear after anti-VEGF therapy for wet AMD and potentially also other forms of CNV, include a large and/or high pigment epithelial retinal detachment. When initiating ranibizumab therapy, caution should be used in patients with these risk factors for retinal pigment epithelial tears.
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment or macular holes: Treatment should be discontinued in subjects with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment or stage 3 or 4 macular holes.
Populations with limited data: There is only limited experience in the treatment of subjects with DME due to type I diabetes. Lucentis has not been studied in patients who have previously received intravitreal injections, in patients with active systemic infections, or in patients with concurrent eye conditions such as retinal detachment or macular hole. There is limited experience of treatment with Lucentis in diabetic patients with an HbA1c over 108 mmol/mol (12%) and no experience in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. This lack of information should be considered by the physician when treating such patients.
There are insufficient data to conclude on the effect of Lucentis in patients with RVO presenting irreversible ischaemic visual function loss.
In patients with PM, there are limited data on the effect of Lucentis in patients who have previously undergone unsuccessful verteporfin photodynamic therapy (vPDT) treatment. Also, while a consistent effect was observed in subjects with subfoveal and juxtafoveal lesions, there are insufficient data to conclude on the effect of Lucentis in PM subjects with extrafoveal lesions.
Systemic effects following intravitreal use: Systemic adverse events including non-ocular haemorrhages and arterial thromboembolic events have been reported following intravitreal injection of VEGF inhibitors.
There are limited data on safety in the treatment of DME, macular oedema due to RVO and CNV secondary to PM patients with prior history of stroke or transient ischaemic attacks. Caution should be exercised when treating such patients (see Adverse Reactions).
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: The treatment procedure may induce temporary visual disturbances, which may affect the ability to drive or use machines (see Adverse Reactions). Patients who experience these signs must not drive or use machines until these temporary visual disturbances subside.