Pharmaniaga Atropine

Pharmaniaga Atropine

atropine

Manufacturer:

Pharmaniaga

Distributor:

HealthCare PharmaScience
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Atropine sulphate.
Description
The active substance is atropine sulphate.
1 mg/mL in 1 mL ampoule.
Action
Atropine is an antimuscarinic. It temporarily blocks some nerve endings. This stops glands secreting, makes some muscles (such as in the gut) relax and speeds up the heart.
Indications/Uses
This medicine is used for: Pre-medication before an anaesthetic.
To treat a slow heart beat or a heart that has stopped altogether.
To treat poisoning.
To control the side effects of neostigmine (a medicine which increases nerve impulses to the muscles).
Contraindications
Before or after Atropine Sulphate Solution for Injection 1 mg/mL: Tell the doctor if the patient has/suffers from: Reflux oesophagitis (a condition that causes severe heart burn, increased belching and upper stomach pain).
Closed angle glaucoma (an eye condition that causes sudden blurred vision with pain and redness).
Myasthenia gravis (a condition that causes extreme tiredness and muscle weakness).
Paralytic ileus (a condition of the gut that causes severe constipation and bloating caused by inactivity of the intestines).
Severe ulcerative colitis, or have a blockage in the intestines.
Allergy to any of the ingredients.
Trouble passing water (e.g. due to an enlarged prostate gland).
Special Precautions
Special care should be taken if the patient has/is: Pregnant or breast-feeding.
High blood pressure.
Liver, kidney or lung disease.
Hyperthyroidism (where the body makes too much thyroid hormone).
Nervous system problems.
Raised temperature.
Stomach ulcer.
Hiatus hernia (this occurs in the upper part of the stomach).
Diarrhoea, gastroenteritis or any other infection of the gut.
Side Effects
As with all medicines, Atropine Sulphate Solution for Injection 1 mg/mL may cause some side effects.
Side effects are more likely with higher doses, but usually disappear once treatment stops.
Rarely an allergic reaction may develop. This may cause skin rashes, severe itching, peeling of the skin, swelling of the face (especially around the lips and eyes), tightening of the throat and difficulty breathing or swallowing, fever, dehydration, shock and fainting. These are all very serious side effects.
Tell the doctor immediately if the patient experiences any of these side effects.
Possible side effects include reduced saliva (spit), sweat and phlegm (this can make phlegm more difficult to cough up), enlarged pupils (this may make the vision blurred), a faster or irregular heartbeat, difficulty in passing urine, constipation, hallucinations, increased eye pressure, loss of taste, headache, nervousness, drowsiness, weakness, blushing, sleeplessness and bloated feeling.
Occasional side effects that may occur include mental confusion and/or excitement (especially in the elderly), nausea, vomiting and dizziness.
If the patient has any side effects that become serious, or if the patient has any other side effects not mentioned, tell the doctor.
Drug Interactions
Tell the doctor if the patient is taking any other medicines: Prescribed medicines, especially: Tricyclic antidepressants.
Drugs for Parkinson's disease.
Some antihistamines.
Antispasmodics (e.g. for irritable bowel syndrome).
Phenothiazines (for mental illness).
Disopyramide or quinidine (for heart problems).
Any medicines available without prescription.
Caution For Usage
The hospital pharmacist will dispose of the syringe and any medicine no longer needed according to the local requirements.
Do not dispose of this medicine via waste water or household waste. This will help to protect the environment.
Storage
Store below 30°C.
Protect from light.
Retain in carton until time of use.
Do not use the medicine after the date shown on the carton and ampoule label.
Patient Counseling Information
How to use Atropine Sulphate Solution for Injection 1 mg/ml: This medicine will be given to you as an injection by the doctor.
This injection will be given either: Into a vein; into a muscle; under the skin; via a breathing tube in your windpipe.
The doctor will decide what dose is right for you and this will depend on what it is being used to treat.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, please ask the doctor.
ATC Classification
A03BA01 - atropine ; Belongs to the class of belladonna alkaloids, tertiary amines. Used in the treatment of functional gastrointestinal disorders.
Presentation/Packing
Soln for inj (clear, colourless solution in clear, glass ampoule) 1 mg/mL x 10's.
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