The combination of valaciclovir with nephrotoxic medicinal products should be made with caution, especially in subjects with impaired renal function, and warrants regular monitoring of renal function. This applies to concomitant administration with aminoglycosides, organoplatinum compounds, iodinated contrast media, methotrexate, pentamidine, foscarnet, ciclosporin, and tacrolimus.
Aciclovir is eliminated primarily unchanged in the urine via active renal tubular secretion. Following 1000 mg valaciclovir, cimetidine and probenecid reduce aciclovir renal clearance and increase the AUC of aciclovir by about 25% and 45%, respectively, by inhibition of the active renal secretion of aciclovir. Cimetidine and probenecid taken together with valaciclovir increased aciclovir AUC by about 65%. Other medicinal products (including e.g. tenofovir) administered concurrently that compete with or inhibit active tubular secretion may increase aciclovir concentrations by this mechanism. Similarly, valaciclovir administration may increase plasma concentrations of the concurrently administered substance.
In patients receiving higher aciclovir exposures from valaciclovir (e.g., at doses for zoster treatment or CMV prophylaxis), caution is required during concurrent administration with drugs which inhibit active renal tubular secretion.
Increases in plasma AUCs of aciclovir and of the inactive metabolite of mycophenolate mofetil, an immunosuppressant agent used in transplant patients, have been shown when the drugs are co-administered. No changes in peak concentrations or AUCs are observed with co-administration of valaciclovir and mycophenolate mofetil in healthy volunteers. There is limited clinical experience with the use of this combination.