Verzenio

Verzenio Adverse Reactions

abemaciclib

Manufacturer:

Eli Lilly

Distributor:

Zuellig
Full Prescribing Info
Adverse Reactions
Summary of the safety profile: The most commonly occurring adverse reactions are diarrhoea, infections, neutropenia, anaemia, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and decreased appetite.
Tabulated list of adverse reactions: In the following tables, adverse reactions are listed in order of MedDRA body system organ class and frequency. Frequency gradings are: very common (≥1/10), common (≥1/100 to <1/10), uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100), rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000), very rare (<1/10,000), and not known (cannot be estimated from the available data). Within each frequency grouping, adverse reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness. (See Table 8.)

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Description of selected adverse reactions: Neutropenia: Neutropenia was reported frequently (45.1%) and a Grade 3 or 4 decrease in neutrophil counts (based on laboratory findings) was reported in 28.2% of patients receiving abemaciclib in combination with aromatase inhibitors or fulvestrant. The median time to onset of Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was 29 to 33 days, and median time to resolution was 11 to 15 days. Febrile neutropenia was reported in 0.9% patients. Dose modification is recommended for patients who develop Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia (see Dosage & Administration).
Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea was the most commonly reported adverse reaction (see Table 8). Incidence was greatest during the first month of abemaciclib treatment and was lower subsequently. The median time to onset of the first diarrhoea event was approximately 6 to 8 days across studies, and the median duration of diarrhoea was 9 to 12 days (Grade 2) and 6 to 8 days (Grade 3) across studies. Diarrhoea returned to baseline or lesser grade with supportive treatment such as loperamide and/or dose adjustment (see Dosage & Administration).
Increased aminotransferases: In patients receiving abemaciclib in combination with aromatase inhibitors or fulvestrant, ALT and AST elevations were reported frequently (15.1% and 14.2%, respectively). Grade 3 or 4 ALT or AST elevations (based on laboratory findings) were reported in 6.1% and 4.2% patients. The median time to onset of Grade 3 or 4 ALT elevation was 57 to 61 days, and median time to resolution was 14 days. The median time to onset of Grade 3 or 4 AST elevation was 71 to 185 days, and median time to resolution was 13 to 15 days. Dose modification is recommended for patients who develop Grade 3 or 4 ALT or AST increase (see Dosage & Administration).
Creatinine: Although not an adverse reaction, abemaciclib has been shown to increase serum creatinine in 98.3% of patients (based on laboratory findings), 1.9% Grade 3 or 4 (based on laboratory findings). In patients receiving an aromatase inhibitor or fulvestrant alone, 78.4% reported an increase in serum creatinine (all laboratory grades). Abemaciclib has been shown to increase serum creatinine due to inhibition of renal tubular secretion transporters without affecting glomerular function (as measured by iohexol clearance) (see Interactions). In clinical studies, increases in serum creatinine occurred within the first month of abemaciclib dosing, remained elevated but stable through the treatment period, were reversible upon treatment discontinuation, and were not accompanied by changes in markers of renal function, such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN), cystatin C, or calculated glomerular filtration rate based on cystatin C.
Reporting of suspected adverse reactions: Reporting suspected adverse reactions after authorisation of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit/risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions to the Drug Office, Department of Health.
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