Heparin


Generic Medicine Info
Contraindications
Current or history of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia; generalised or local haemorrhagic tendency, including uncontrolled severe HTN, severe liver insufficiency, active peptic ulcer, acute or subacute septic endocarditis, intracranial haemorrhage or injuries and operations on the CNS, eyes and ears, and in women w/ abortus imminens; epidural anaesth during birth; locoregional anaesth in elective surgical procedures (in patients receiving heparin for treatment rather than prophylaxis).
Special Precautions
Patient w/ increased risk of bleeding complications, HTN, DM, pre-existing metabolic acidosis. Do not use in catheter lock flushing. Hepatic and renal impairment. Elderly. Pregnancy and lactation. Patient Counselling Preservative-free formulation is recommended in neonates, infants, pregnant women and nursing mothers. Monitoring Parameters Monitor Hb, haematocrit, signs of bleeding; faecal occult blood test; aPTT (or antifactor Xa activity levels) or activated clotting time (ACT) depending upon indication.
Adverse Reactions
Hypersensitivity reactions (e.g. chills, fever, urticaria, asthma, rhinitis); painful, ischaemic and cyanosed limbs; osteoporosis (in long-term admin), suppression of aldosterone synthesis leading to hyperkalaemia, cutaneous necrosis, delayed transient alopecia, priapism, rebound hyperlipaemia; increased serum concentrations of AST and ALT, prolonged prothrombin time; local irritation, erythema, mild pain, haematoma or ulceration on inj site.
Potentially Fatal: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia w/ or w/o thrombosis, severe haemorrhage.
Drug Interactions
Enhanced anticoagulant effect w/ other drugs affecting platelet function or the coagulation system (e.g. platelet aggregation inhibitors, thrombolytic agents, salicylates, NSAIDs, vit K antagonists, dextrans, activated protein C). Decreased anticoagulant effect w/ gyceryl trinitrate infusion. Increased risk of hyperkalaemia w/ ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II antagonists.
CIMS Class
Anticoagulants, Antiplatelets & Fibrinolytics (Thrombolytics)
ATC Classification
B01AB01 - heparin ; Belongs to the class of heparin group. Used in the treatment of thrombosis.
S01XA14 - heparin ; Belongs to the class of other ophthalmologicals.
C05BA03 - heparin ; Belongs to the class of heparins or heparinoids used topically in antivaricose therapy.
Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by CIMS based on heparin from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to CIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, CIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2021 CIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by CIMSAsia.com
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