Losartan + hydrochlorothiazide


Concise Prescribing Info
Indications/Uses
HTN.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Adult: PO Per tab contains losartan 50 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg: 1 tab once daily. Up to 2 tab once daily 2-4 wk later if needed. Max: 2 tab/day.
Contraindications
Pregnancy, lactation; intravascular volume depletion.
Special Precautions
Existing electrolyte disturbances; hepatic cirrhosis; severe hepatic failure; oedema; elderly (>75 yr); renal impairment; hepatic impairment; diabetes, gout, hyperlipidaemia; hyperuricaemia; ECG: LVH and/or ventricular ectopics extrasystoles); volume depleted patients; patients on diuretics and salt restriction; renal artery stenosis; aortic and mitral stenosis. Monitor potassium concentration. Discontinue before performing tests for parathyroid function.
Adverse Reactions
Volume depletion and electrolyte imbalance (especially hyperkalaemia); dry mouth, thirst; lethargy, drowsiness; muscle pain and cramps; rashes, photosensitivity, thrombocytopenia, jaundice, pancreatitis; fatigue, weakness; may precipitate an attack of gout; impotence; hyperglycaemia; anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhoea; sialdenitis; raised urinary calcium concentration; headache, dizziness; back pain, myalgia; first-dose hypotension; angiodema; neutropenia; GI disturbances; transient elevation of liver enzymes; taste disturbances, cough; exacerbation or activation of systemic lupus erythematous; palpitations; xanthopsia; leucopenia, agranulocytosis, aplastic anaemia; necrotising angiitis; glucosuria; renal dysfunction, interstitial nephritis, renal failure; migraine; hyponatraemia; UTI; chest pain; gastritis, wt gain, dyspepsia, abdominal pain; bronchitis, upper respiratory infection, nasal congestion, sinusitis; rise in cholesterol and/or triglycerides.
Potentially Fatal: Hypersensitivity reactions; hemolytic anaemia; toxic epidermal necrolysis.
Drug Interactions
Hydrochlorothiazide increases plasma concentration fluconazole. Increased hypotensive effect with: ACE inhibitors, alcohol, adrenergic neurone blockers, aldesleukin, α-blockers, alprostadil, general anaesthetics, antipsychotics, anxiolytics and hypnotics, baclofen, β-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, clonidine, diazoxide, epoetin, hydralazine, levodopa, MAOIs, methyldopa, minoxidil, monoxidine, nitrates, NSAIDs, oestrogens, sodium nitroprusside, tizanidine, phenothiazines. Increased risk of renal impairment with aspirin (in doses >300 mg daily), NSAIDs. Hypotensive effect antagonised by aspirin, corticosteroids, indomethacin, ketorolac. Increased risk of hyperkalaemia with potassium-sparing and aldosterone antagonists, drospirenone (monitor serum potassium during 1st cycle), epoetin, heparin, ketorolac, potassium salts. Increased risk of hypersensitivity with allopurinol (especially in renal impairment). May antagonise hypoglycaemic effects of antidiabetics. Increased risk of hypercalcaemia with calcium salts and vitamin D. Increased risk of hyponatraemia with chlorpropamide. Increased risk of hypermagnesaemia with ciclosporin. Absorption may be reduced by colestipol and colestyramine (take at least 2 hr apart).
ATC Classification
C03AA03 - hydrochlorothiazide ; Belongs to the class of low-ceiling thiazide diuretics.
C09CA01 - losartan ; Belongs to the class of angiotensin II antagonists. Used in the treatment of cardiovascular disease.
Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by CIMS based on losartan + hydrochlorothiazide from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to CIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, CIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2021 CIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by CIMSAsia.com
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