Methotrexate


Concise Prescribing Info
Indications/Uses
Listed in Dosage.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Adult: PO Burkitt's lymphoma 10-25 mg/day for 4-8 days, repeat after 7-10 days. Choriocarcinoma 15-30 mg/day for 5 days, repeat after an interval of at least 1 wk for 3-5 courses. Mycosis fungoides 2.5-10 mg/day to induce remission. Rheumatoid arthritis 7.5 mg once wkly, adjust if needed. Up to 20 mg/wk. Crohn's disease 12.5-22.5 mg once wkly for up to 1 yr. PO/IV/IM Psoriasis 10-25 mg once wkly, adjust subsequent doses if needed. IV Osteosarcoma 12-15 g/m2 as infusion, followed by folinic acid. Breast cancer 10-60 mg/m2 often w/ cyclophosphamide and fluorouracil. Advanced lymphosarcoma Up to 30 mg/kg, followed by folinic acid rescue. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Maintenance: 2.5 mg/kg every 14 days. PO/IM Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia Maintenance: 15 mg/m2 1-2 times/wk w/ other agents. IM Choriocarcinoma 15-30 mg/day for 5 days. Repeat after at least 1 wk for 3-5 courses. Mycosis fungoides 50 mg/wk in 1-2 divided doses. Crohn's disease 25 mg once wkly for 16 wk. Maintenance: 15 mg/wk. Intrathecal Meningeal leukaemia 12 mg/m2 (Max: 15 mg) once wkly for 2-3 wk, then once mthly.
Administration
Should be taken on an empty stomach. Best taken on an empty stomach. May be taken w/ meals to reduce GI discomfort. Avoid taking w/ milk-rich products.
Contraindications
Severe renal or hepatic impairment, pre-existing profound bone marrow suppression in patients with psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis, alcoholic liver disease, AIDS, pre-existing blood dyscrasias, pregnancy (in patients with psoriasis or rheumatoid arthritis), breast-feeding.
Special Precautions
Hepatic or renal impairment, bone marrow depression, elderly, neonates. Ulcerative disorders of the GI tract. Monitor haematological, renal and hepatic function, and GI toxicity regularly.
Adverse Reactions
Ulceration of the mouth and GI disturbances (e.g. stomatitis and diarrhoea), bone marrow depression, hepatotoxicity, renal failure, skin reactions, alopecia, ocular irritation, arachnoiditis in intrathecal use, megaloblastic anaemia, osteoporosis, precipitation of diabetes, arthralgias, necrosis of soft tissue and bone, anaphylaxis, impaired fertility.
Potentially Fatal: Pulmonary reactions (e.g. interstitial lung disease); neurotoxicity (e.g. leukoencephalopathy, paresis, demyelination) with intrathecal use; foetal deaths.
Drug Interactions
Decreased effectiveness with folic acid and its derivatives.
ATC Classification
L01BA01 - methotrexate ; Belongs to the class of antimetabolites, folic acid analogues. Used in the treatment of cancer.
L04AX03 - methotrexate ; Belongs to the class of other immunosuppressants.
Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by CIMS based on methotrexate from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to CIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, CIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2021 CIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by CIMSAsia.com
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