Nimodipine


Concise Prescribing Info
Indications/Uses
Listed in Dosage.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Adult: PO Prophylaxis of neurological deficit following subarachnoid haemorrhage 60 mg 4 hrly for 21 days beginning w/in 4 days of onset of haemorrhage. IV Ischaemic neurological deficits following subarachnoid haemorrhage Initial: 1 mg/hr for 2 hr, up to 2 mg/hr if no severe decrease in BP is observed. For <70 kg body wt or unstable BP: Initial: ≤0.5 mg/hr. Start treatment at once and continue for 5-14 days. Total duration should not exceed 21 days if patient has received oral treatment.
Administration
Cap: Should be taken on an empty stomach. Take on an empty stomach 1 hr before or 2 hr after meals.
Tab: May be taken with or without food. Take consistently, either always w/ or always w/o meals.
Contraindications
Use w/in 1 mth of MI or an episode of unstable angina. Concomitant use w/ potent CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. clarithromycin, ritonavir, ketoconazole, nefazodone).
Special Precautions
Patients w/ cerebral oedema or severely raised intracranial pressure. Contents of oral capsules should be given only by mouth or through a feeding tube. It must never be administered IV or by any other parenteral route. Hepatic and renal impairment. Pregnancy and lactation. Monitoring Parameters Careful monitoring of BP and pulse rate.
Adverse Reactions
Hypotension, oedema, ECG abnormalities, palpitations, rebound vasospasm, flushing, fluid retention, lower abdominal discomfort or cramps, constipation, mental depression, headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, dyspnoea, muscle pain, thrombocytopenia, anaemia, rash, pruritus, haematoma, diaphoresis.
Drug Interactions
Plasma concentration and efficacy may be significantly reduced when administered w/ strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. rifampicin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin). May increase serum levels and toxicity of phenytoin. Increased plasma concentrations w/ cimetidine or sodium valproate.
ATC Classification
C08CA06 - nimodipine ; Belongs to the class of dihydropyridine derivative selective calcium-channel blockers with mainly vascular effects. Used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by CIMS based on nimodipine from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to CIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, CIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2021 CIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by CIMSAsia.com
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