Sodium chloride


Concise Prescribing Info
Indications/Uses
Listed in Dosage.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Adult: PO Chronic salt-losing conditions Extended release 2.4-4.8 g/day, up to 12 g/day. Prevention of muscle cramps during routine haemodialysis Extended release 6-10 g/dialysis session. Mouth/Throat Oral hygiene As mouthwash: Use as directed. IV Replacement of fluid and electrolytes As 0.9, 3 or 5% soln: Dosage depends on age, wt, clinical condition and laboratory determinations of the patient. Hypernatraemia As 0.9% soln: Dosage depends on age, wt, clinical condition and laboratory determinations of the patient. Nasal Nasal congestion As 0.9% soln/spray: Use as directed. Irrigation Irrigation of the bladder, eye, general skin and wound cleansing As 0.9% soln: Use as directed.
Contraindications
Conditions whereby admin of sodium chloride would be detrimental. Not to be used to induce emesis. Sustained release tablets: GI disorders associated with strictures or diverticula.
Special Precautions
Hypertension, heart failure, peripheral or pulmonary oedema, impaired renal function, liver cirrhosis, preeclampsia. Maintain adequate water intake. Pregnancy. Inj of 3 or 5% sodium chloride solution should be given via a large vein at a rate not exceeding 100 ml/hr. Monitor fluid balance, serum electrolytes and acid base balance espcially during prolonged treatment. Caution when used in patients who are receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin.
Adverse Reactions
Hypernatraemia; thirst, reduced salivation and lachrymation, fever, tachycardia, hypertension, headache, dizziness, restlessness, irritability and weakness.
Potentially Fatal: Intra-amniotic inj of hypertonic solutions: Disseminated intravascular coagulation, renal necrosis, cervical and uterine lesions, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia and death.
Drug Interactions
May affect serum concentrations of lithium.
ATC Classification
B05XA03 - sodium chloride ; Belongs to the class of electrolyte solutions used in I.V. solutions.
A12CA01 - sodium chloride ; Belongs to the class of sodium-containing preparations. Used as dietary supplements.
B05CB01 - sodium chloride ; Belongs to the class of salt solutions used as irrigating solutions.
Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by CIMS based on sodium chloride from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to CIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, CIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2021 CIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by CIMSAsia.com
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