Sodium nitroprusside

Generic Medicine Info
Hypersensitivity, compensatory hypertension.
Special Precautions
Hypothyroidism, renal and hepatic impairment, ischaemic heart disease, impaired cerebral circulation, elderly. Monitor blood thiocyanate concentration if treatment is longer than 3 days and should not exceed 100 mcg/ml. Monitor acid-base balance, venous oxygen concentration and BP. Caution to avoid extravasation. To be diluted with sterile dextrose 5% solution before infusion. Avoid sudden withdrawal. Leber's optic atrophy, low plasma-cobalamin concentrations, impaired pulmonary function. Pregnancy and lactation.
Adverse Reactions
Nausea, retching, apprehension, headache, restlessness, muscle twitching, retrosternal discomfort; palpitation, dizziness, abdominal discomfort. Cyanosis and hypothyroidism (rare).
Drug Interactions
Additive effect when used with other antihypertensives. May prolong the fibrinolytic activity of alteplase. Risk of severe hypotension if used with phosphodiesterase inhibitors. May reduce serum digoxin levels.
CIMS Class
Other Antihypertensives
Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by CIMS based on sodium nitroprusside from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to CIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, CIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2022 CIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by
Register or sign in to continue
Asia's one-stop resource for medical news, clinical reference and education
Sign up for free
Already a member? Sign in