Pharmacology: The active ingredient of CAPRIBOSE is Acarbose, a pseudotetrasaccharide of microbial origin. Acarbose exerts its activity in the intestinal tract. The action is based on the inhibition of intestinal enzymes (α-glucosidases) involved in the degradation of disaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. This leads to a dose-dependent delay in the digestion of these carbohydrates.
Most importantly, glucose derived from carbohydrates is released and taken up into the blood more slowly. In this way Acarbose postpones and reduces the postprandial rise in blood glucose. As a result of the balancing effect on the uptake of glucose from the intestine, the blood glucose fluctuations over the day are reduced and the mean blood glucose values decrease.