Diquas

Diquas

diquafosol

Manufacturer:

Santen

Marketer:

Meiji
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Diquafosol Na.
Description
Each mL contains 30 mg of diquafosol sodium.
Its pH is 7.2 - 7.8 and its osmolar ratio is 1.0 - 1.1.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: dibasic sodium phosphate hydrate, disodium edetate hydrate, sodium chloride. potassium chloride, chlorhexidine gluconate solution, and dilute hydrochloric acid or sodium hydroxide as pH adjuster.
Action
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Mechanism of action: Diquafosol sodium stimulated water and mucin secretion by acting on P2Y2 receptors on the conjunctival epithelial and goblet cell membrane and elevating intracellular calcium ion concentrations.
Stimulatory action on secretion of tear fluid including mucin: A single dose administration of diquafosol sodium into the eyes of normal animals (rabbits and rats) promoted tear fluid secretion and mucin secretion from the conjunctival cells.
A single dose administration of diquafosol sodium into the eyes of dry eye model rats promoted tear fluid secretion. Repeated dose administration increased mucin contents in the conjunctival tissues.
Improvement of corneal epithelial damage: Repeated dose administration of diquafosol sodium 6 times daily for 4 weeks improved corneal epithelial damage in rat dry eye model in a dose-dependent manner, and exhibited the maximal effect at the concentration of 1% or higher. Repeated dose of 1% diquafosol sodium for 2 weeks exhibited the maximal improvement effect when daily administration exceeded 6 times.
Pharmacokinetics: Plasma concentrations: After topical administration of diquafosol sodium solution either at concentrations of 0.3%, 1%, 3% or 5% to the eye of healthy adult volunteers one drop, once daily for one day, 6 times daily for one day or 6 times daily for 7 days, the plasma concentrations of diquafosol sodium and its metabolites were measured. Those of diquafosol sodium were below the lower limit of quantitation (2ng/mL) at every time point in all of the volunteers. Its metabolites (UTP, UDP, UMP and uridine) did not affect physiological concentrations derived from the endogenous components. (Note: The approved concentration of this product is 3%.)
Ocular tissue distribution in animals: (Rabbits): Following a single topical administration of 3% 14C-diquafosol sodium ophthalmic solution to rabbit eyes, the radioactivity was distributed in the extraocular tissues including the conjunctiva and cornea, and reached the maximum radioactive concentrations in the cornea and conjunctiva at 5 minutes after administration. Thereafter, the radioactivity reduced to 4 to 30% of the maximum concentrations at 24 hours after administration.
Metabolism: (Human in vitro): In vitro metabolism reaction using human plasma and human liver microsome demonstrated that diquafosol sodium was rapidly metabolized, and UMP, uridine and uracil were produced.
(Rabbits): At 30 minutes after instillation of 3% 14C-diquafosol sodium ophthalmic solution to rabbit eyes, diquafosol sodium was hardly detected in the ocular tissues, and instead UTP, UDP, UMP, uridine and uracil were detected.
Indications/Uses
Dry eye.
Precautions related to Indications: This product should be used in patients diagnosed with dry eye, associated with keratoconjunctival epithelium disorders that accompany lacrimal fluid abnormality.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Usually, instill 1 drop at a time 6 times daily.
Contraindications
Patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients of this product.
Special Precautions
Use in Pregnancy & Lactation: There are no adequate data for the use of diquafosol in pregnant women. Animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to reproductive toxicity.
It is unknown whether diquafosol and/or its metabolites are excreted in human milk.
Use in Children: The safety of this product to low birth weight infants, neonates, infants or children has not been established. (No clinical experience.)
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
There are no adequate data for the use of diquafosol in pregnant women. Animal studies do not indicate direct or indirect harmful effects with respect to reproductive toxicity.
It is unknown whether diquafosol and/or its metabolites are excreted in human milk.
Adverse Reactions
Adverse drug reactions (including abnormal changes in laboratory test values) were reported in 155 of 655 patients (23.7%) in clinical trials conducted in Japan before approval. The Major adverse reactions were eye irritation in 44 patients (6.7%), eye discharge in 31 patients (4.7%), conjunctival hyperaemia in 24 patients (3.7%), eye pain in 18 patients (2.7%), eye itching in 16 patients (2.4%), foreign body sensation in eyes in 14 patients (2.1%) and ocular discomfort in 7 patients (1.1%), etc.
Adverse reactions were reported in 202 of 3,196 patients (6.3%) in post marketing observational study in Japan. The major adverse reaction were eye irritation in 30 patients (0.9%), eye discharge in 30 patients (0.9%), eye pain in 22 patients (0.7%), lacrimation increased in 20 patients (0.6%) and blepharitis in 19 patients (0.6%), etc.
If an adverse drug reaction is observed, appropriate measures including discontinuing administration should be taken. (See table.)


Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Caution For Usage
Route of administration: Ophthalmic use only.
At the time of administration: 1. Instruct the patient to be careful not to touch the tip of the bottle to the eye directly in order to avoid the contamination of the drug.
2. When more than one ophthalmic solution is used, at least 5 minutes of intervals should be taken.
Storage
Store below 30°C.
Discard contents one month after opening.
ATC Classification
S01XA - Other ophthalmologicals ; Used in ophthalmic preparations.
Presentation/Packing
Ophth soln 3% (clear, colorless, sterile aqueous) x 5 mL x 1's.
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