Adult: As elemental Fe: Treatment: 65-200 mg daily, given in up to 3 divided doses. Prevention: 30-60 mg daily. Alternatively, 100 mg daily. Recommended duration: ≤6 months, or 3 months after correction of anaemia. Dosage recommendations may vary among different products. Child: As elemental Fe: Treatment: 3-6 mg/kg daily in 2-3 divided doses. Max: 200 mg daily. Prevention: Infants ≥6 months to children <2 years 10-12.5 mg daily; 2-<5 years 30 mg daily; ≥5-12 years 30-60 mg daily; >12 years Same as adult dose. Dosage recommendations may vary among different products.
Should be taken on an empty stomach. Best taken on an empty stomach. May be taken w/ meals to reduce GI discomfort.
Haemosiderosis, haemochromatosis; active peptic ulcer, inflammatory bowel disease (including regional enteritis, ulcerative colitis, intestinal strictures, diverticulae), haemoglobinopathies. Patient undergoing repeated blood transfusion. Concomitant use with dimercaprol, parenteral Fe.
Patient with history of peptic ulcer; microcytic anaemia resistant to Fe monotherapy, rheumatoid arthritis. Post-gastrectomy patient. Not indicated for the treatment of anaemia resulting from causes other than Fe deficiency. Renal and hepatic impairment. Children. Avoid use in premature infants with low vitamin E stores, until replenished. Pregnancy and lactation.
Significant: Dark stools. Cardiac disorders: Nausea, vomiting, constipation, faecal impaction (particularly in elderly), gastrointestinal discomfort, diarrhoea, dental discolouration, heartburn. Immune system disorders: Allergic reactions. Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Anorexia. Renal and urinary disorders: Urinary discolouration.
Monitor Hb, haematocrit. May consider monitoring of RBC count, RBC indices, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation, total Fe-binding capacity, serum Fe concentration, erythrocyte protoporphyrin concentration.
Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, haematemesis, melaena, rectal bleeding, lethargy, circulatory collapse, hyperglycaemia, metabolic acidosis; Severe cases: Hypotension, coma, hypothermia, hepatocellular necrosis, renal failure, pulmonary oedema, diffuse vascular congestion, coagulopathy, convulsions, toxic encephalitis, CNS damage, pyloric stenosis. Management: Symptomatic and supportive treatment. Ensure a clear airway. Induce emesis and perform gastric lavage with desferrioxamine solution (2 g/L). Administer desferrioxamine 5 g in 50-100 mL water to be retained in the stomach following gastric emptying. Administer mannitol or sorbitol to induce small bowel emptying. In case of shock and/or coma with high Fe serum levels of >90 µmol/L (children) or >142 µmol/L (adults), initiate supportive measures and slow IV infusion of desferrioxamine (5 mg/kg/hour up to Max of 80 mg/kg/24 hours). In case of less severe and symptomatic conditions, administer IM desferrioxamine 1 g 4-6 hourly in children, or 50 mg/kg up to Max 4 g in adults. Monitor serum Fe levels, cardiac rhythm, blood pressure, urine output. In case of persistent metabolic acidosis in adults, administer 50 mmol Na bicarbonate and repeat if necessary, monitor arterial blood gas.
May decrease the absorption of tetracyclines, Zn, penicillamine, fluoroquinolones (e.g. ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, ofloxacin), levodopa, entacapone, bisphosphonates, levothyroxine, mycophenolic acid. Decreased absorption with Ca, Mg and other mineral supplements; bicarbonates, carbonates, Zn, trientine, tetracyclines, antacids, colestyramine. Concomitant use with chloramphenicol delays plasma clearance, incorporation into RBC, and interferes with erythropoiesis. May decrease the hypotensive effect of methyldopa. May reduce the absorption of vitamin E. Potentially Fatal: Dimercaprol may increase the nephrotoxic effect of Fe. Increased risk of iron overload with parenteral Fe.
Absorption may be decreased when given with food, particularly cereals, dietary fibre, coffee tea, eggs and milk.
May interfere with tests for the detection of occult blood in the stools (e.g. guaiac test).
Description: Mechanism of Action: Ferrous fumarate replaces Fe found in myoglobin, Hb, and enzymes. It allows the transportation of oxygen via the Hb. Onset: Haematologic response: Approx 3-10 days. Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: Absorbed in the duodenum and upper jejunum (10% in patient with normal serum Fe stores; 20-30% in patient with inadequate Fe stores). Decreased absorption with food. Distribution: Enters breast milk. Binds to serum transferrin
and passes onto the Fe stores in the spleen, liver, and bone marrow. Excretion: Via urine, sweat, sloughing of intestinal mucosa, menses.
B03AA02 - ferrous fumarate ; Belongs to the class of oral iron bivalent preparations. Used in the treatment of anemia.
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