Adult: Active pulmonary TB:
Initial phase: 600 mg twice weekly (with an interval of ≥72 hours) for 2 months, in combination with other antimycobacterials.
Continuation phase: 600 mg once weekly for 4 months, in combination with isoniazid or another appropriate antimycobacterial drug.
Latent TB: 25.1-32 kg: 600 mg; 32.1-50 kg: 750 mg; >50 kg: 900 mg. Max: 900 mg. Doses are given once weekly for 3 months, in combination with isoniazid. Child: Active pulmonary TB (in combination with other antimycobacterials): ≥12 years Same as adult dose.
Latent TB: ≥2-11 years 10-14 kg: 300 mg; 14.1-25 kg: 450 mg; 25.1-32 kg: 600 mg; 32.1-50 kg: 750 mg; >50 kg: 900 mg. Doses are given once weekly for 3 months in combination with isoniazid.
film-coated tab: Should be taken with food.
Patient with porphyria, bilateral pulmonary disease; cavity pulmonary lesions and/or positive sputum cultures after initial phase. HIV-seropositive patients. Hepatic impairment. Children. Pregnancy and lactation. Concomitant use with protease inhibitors and reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
Significant: Hyperbilirubinaemia, hepatotoxicity, discolouration of body fluids, hyperuricaemia, hypersensitivity including anaphylaxis. Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Anaemia, lymphonaemia, neutropenia, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, thrombocytopenia, lymphadenopathy, nonprotein nitrogen increased. Cardiac disorders: Chest pain, oedema. Endocrine disorders: Hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia, gout, hyperphosphataemia. Eye disorders: Conjunctivitis. Gastrointestinal disorders: Dyspepsia, vomiting, nausea, diarrhoea, anorexia, abdominal pain, constipation. General disorders and administration site conditions: Fever, fatigue. Infections and infestations: Influenza, herpes zoster. Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Back pain, arthralgia. Nervous system disorders: Headache, dizziness. Renal and urinary disorders: Pyuria, proteinuria, haematuria, UTI, cystitis. Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Heamoptysis, cough. Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Rash, pruritus, diaphoresis. Potentially Fatal:Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD), colitis.
This drug may produce red/orange discolouration of urine, faeces, saliva, sweat, tears, skin, teeth, tongue, and CSF. May permanently stain dentures or contact lenses; remove denture and contact lenses during therapy.
Perform culture and sensitivity test prior to therapy. Obtain LFT in patients with pre-existing hepatic impairment prior to therapy and every 2-4 week during therapy. Monitor for signs of hypersensitivity, severe or bloody diarrhoea.
May cause significant decrease in the plasma concentration and loss of therapeutic effect of protease inhibitors or reverse transcriptase inhibitors. May reduce the activity of CYP3A4 substrates (e.g. verapamil, fluconazole, methadone, quinidine, corticosteroids, flouroquinolones, warfarin, tacrolimus). May diminish therapeutic effects of barbiturates, anticonvulsants, benzodiazepines, clofibrate, oral contraceptives.
Increased absorption with food (particularly high-fat meals).
May inhibit standard microbiological assays for serum folate and vitamin B12.
Description: Rifapentine is a long-acting semisynthetic rifamycin derivative. It inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase in susceptible strains of intracellular and extracellular Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) organisms. Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: Increased absorption with food (particularly high-fat meals). Bioavailability: 70%. Time to peak serum concentration: 3-10 hours. Distribution: Volume of distribution: Approx 70 L. Plasma protein binding: Approx 98% primarily to albumin (rifapentine); approx 93% (25-desacetyl rifapentine). Metabolism: Metabolised in the liver by esterase enzyme to form the active metabolite 25-desacetyl rifapentine. Excretion: Mainly via faeces (70% as unchanged drug and metabolites); urine (17%, as metabolites). Elimination half-life: Approx 17 hours (rifapentine); approx 24 hours (25-desacetyl rifapentine).
Store at 25°C. Protect from excessive heat and humidity.
J04AB05 - rifapentine ; Belongs to the class of antibiotics. Used in the systemic treatment of tuberculosis.
Anon. Rifapentine. AHFS Clinical Drug Information [online]. Bethesda, MD. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. https://www.ahfscdi.com. Accessed 02/05/2018.Anon. Rifapentine. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. https://online.lexi.com. Accessed 02/05/2018.Buckingham R (ed). Rifapentine. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 02/05/2018.Priftin Tablet, Film Coated (Sanofi-Aventis U.S. LLC). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/. Accessed 02/05/2018.Priftin Tablets (Sanofi-Aventis U.S. LLC). U.S. FDA. https://www.fda.gov/. Accessed 02/05/2018.