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Bonspri

Bonspri

Manufacturer:

Novartis

Distributor:

DKSH
The information highlighted (if any) are the most recent updates for this brand.
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Ofatumumab.
Description
Each 20 mg/0.4 mL BONSPRI pre-filled syringe delivers 0.4 mL of solution.
Ofatumumab is a recombinant human monoclonal immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) antibody that binds to human CD20 expressed on B-cells. Ofatumumab is produced in a murine NS0 cell line and consists of two IgG1 heavy chains and two kappa light chains with a molecular weight of approximately 146 kDa.
BONSPRI (ofatumumab) injection is a sterile, preservative-free solution for subcutaneous use.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Each 0.4 mL contains 20 mg of ofatumumab, and arginine (4 mg), disodium edetate (0.007 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.08 mg), sodium acetate trihydrate (2.722 mg), sodium chloride (1.192 mg), and Water for Injection, USP with a pH of 5.5. Hydrochloric acid may have been added to adjust pH.
Action
Pharmacology: Mechanism of Action: The precise mechanism by which ofatumumab exerts its therapeutic effects in multiple sclerosis is unknown, but is presumed to involve binding to CD20, a cell surface antigen present on pre-B and mature B lymphocytes. Following cell surface binding to B lymphocytes, ofatumumab results in antibody-dependent cellular cytolysis and complement-mediated lysis.
Pharmacodynamics: B-cell Depletion: For B-cell counts, assays for CD19+ B-cells are used because the presence of BONSPRI interferes with the CD20 assay. In Study 1 and Study 2, BONSPRI administered as recommended, resulted in a reduction of CD19+ B-cells to below the LLN in 77.0% and 78.8% of patients, respectively, one week after treatment initiation, and in 95.0% and 95.8% of patients, respectively, two weeks after treatment initiation [see Recommended Dosage under Dosage & Administration and Clinical Studies as follows]. In Study 1 and Study 2, at Week 12, 99.3% to 99.5% of patients had CD19+ B-cell counts below LLN. The CD19+ B-cell counts remained below LLN for approximately 97% of patients in Study 1 and 92% of patients in Study 2 from 12 weeks through 120 weeks while on BONSPRI treatment.
In a study of bioequivalence using the same dosing regimen as in Study 1 and Study 2, before initiation of the maintenance phase, total CD19+ B-cell levels below the defined threshold of 10 cells/µL were achieved in 94% of patients starting at Week 4 and 98% of patients at Week 12.
B-cell Repletion: Data from RMS clinical studies indicate B-cell recoveries over the LLN in at least 50% of patients in 24 to 36 weeks post treatment discontinuation. Modeling and simulation for B-cell repletion corroborates these data, predicting median time to B-cell recovery of 40 weeks post treatment discontinuation.
Clinical Studies: The efficacy of BONSPRI was demonstrated in two randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active comparator-controlled clinical trials of identical design, in patients with relapsing forms of MS [Study 1 (NCT02792218) and Study 2 (NCT02792231)]. Both studies enrolled patients with at least one relapse in the previous year, 2 relapses in the previous 2 years, or the presence of a T1 gadolinium-enhancing (GdE) lesion in the previous year. Patients were also required to have an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score from 0 to 5.5.
Patients were randomized to receive either BONSPRI, 20 mg subcutaneously on Days 1, 7, and 14, followed by 20 mg every 4 weeks thereafter starting at Week 4 with a daily oral placebo, or the active comparator, teriflunomide, at a dose of 14 mg orally once daily with a placebo administered subcutaneously on Days 1, 7, 14, and every 4 weeks thereafter. The treatment duration for an individual patient was variable based on when the end of study criteria were met. The maximal duration of treatment for an individual patient was 120 weeks. Neurologic evaluations were performed at baseline, every 3 months during blinded treatment, and at the time of a suspected relapse. Brain MRI scans were performed at baseline, 1 and 2 years.
The primary endpoint of both trials was the annualized relapse rate (ARR) over the treatment period. Additional outcome measures included: 1) the time to 3-month confirmed disability progression for the pooled populations, 2) the number of T1 GdE lesions per scan at Weeks 24, 48, and 96, and 3) the annualized rate of new or enlarging T2 MRI lesions.
Disability progression was defined as an increase in EDSS of at least 1.5, 1, or 0.5 points in patients with a baseline EDSS of 0, 1 to 5, or 5.5 or greater, respectively.
In Study 1, a total of 927 patients were randomized to receive BONSPRI (n = 465) or teriflunomide (n = 462). Of those randomized to BONSPRI, 90% completed the study; of those randomized to teriflunomide, 81% completed the study. Demographics and disease characteristics were balanced across treatment arms. The mean age was 38 years, 89% were White, and 69% were female. The mean time since MS diagnosis was 5.7 years and the median EDSS score at baseline was 3.0; 60% had been treated with a non-steroid therapy for MS. At baseline, the mean number of relapses in the previous year was 1 and the mean number of T1 GdE lesions on MRI scan was 1.5.
In Study 2, a total of 955 patients were randomized to receive BONSPRI (n = 481) or teriflunomide (n = 474). Of those randomized to BONSPRI, 83% completed the study; of those randomized to teriflunomide, 82% completed the study.
Demographics and disease characteristics were balanced across treatment arms. The mean age was 38 years, 87% were White, and 67% were female. The mean time since MS diagnosis was 5.5 years and the median EDSS score at baseline was 2.5; 61% had been treated with a non-steroid therapy for MS. At baseline, the mean number of relapses in the previous year was 1.3, and the mean number of T1 GdE lesions on MRI scan was 1.6.
In both studies, BONSPRI significantly lowered the ARR compared to teriflunomide.
BONSPRI significantly reduced the risk of 3-month confirmed disability progression compared to teriflunomide.
BONSPRI significantly reduced the number of T1 GdE lesions and the rate of new or enlarging T2 lesions in both studies.
Key results for Study 1 and Study 2 are presented in Table 1 and figure. (See Table 1 and figure).

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Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

A similar effect of BONSPRI on the key efficacy results compared to teriflunomide was observed across the two studies in exploratory subgroups defined by sex, age, body weight, prior non-steroid MS therapy, and baseline disability and disease activity.
Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: A subcutaneous dose of 20 mg every 4 weeks leads to a mean AUCtau of 483 mcg h/mL and a mean Cmax of 1.43 mcg/mL at steady state.
After subcutaneous administration, ofatumumab is believed to be predominantly absorbed via the lymphatic system similarly to other therapeutic monoclonal antibodies.
Distribution: The volume of distribution at steady-state was estimated to be 5.42 L following subcutaneous administration of repeated BONSPRI 20 mg dose.
Elimination: Metabolism: Ofatumumab is a protein for which the expected metabolic pathway is degradation to small peptides and amino acids by ubiquitous proteolytic enzymes.
Excretion: Ofatumumab is eliminated in two ways: a target-independent route as with other IgG molecules and a target-mediated route that is related to binding to B-cells. Higher baseline B-cell count results in greater component of target-mediated elimination clearance and shorter ofatumumab half-life at the start of therapy. Following B cell depletion, clearance was estimated to be 0.34 L/day following repeated subcutaneous administration of BONSPRI 20 mg injections. The half-life at steady state was estimated to be approximately 16 days following subcutaneous administration of repeated BONSPRI 20 mg dose.
Specific Populations: The following population characteristics do not have a clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of ofatumumab: body weight, sex, age, race, or baseline B-cell count.
Patients with Renal/Hepatic Impairment: Pharmacokinetics of ofatumumab in patients with renal or hepatic impairment have not been studied.
Drug Interaction Studies: Ofatumumab does not share a common clearance pathway with chemical drugs that are metabolized by the cytochrome P450 system or other drug metabolizing enzymes.
Additionally, there is no evidence that CD20 monoclonal antibodies are involved in the regulation of the expression of drug metabolizing enzymes. Interactions between BONSPRI and other medicinal products have not been investigated in formal studies.
Nonclinical Toxicology: Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility: Carcinogenesis: No carcinogenicity studies have been conducted to assess the carcinogenic potential of ofatumumab.
Mutagenesis: No studies have been conducted to assess the mutagenic potential of ofatumumab. As an antibody, ofatumumab is not expected to interact directly with DNA.
Impairment of Fertility: No effects on reproductive parameters, including hormones, menstrual cycle, sperm analysis, or histopathological evaluation of reproductive organs, were observed in male or female monkeys administered ofatumumab by intravenous injection (5 weekly doses of 0, 10, and 100 mg/kg, followed by biweekly doses of 0, 3, and 20 mg/kg). Plasma exposures (Cave) at the high dose tested in monkey are greater than 500 times that in humans at the recommended human maintenance dose of 20 mg/month.
Indications/Uses
BONSPRI is indicated for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (RMS), to include relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease, in adults.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Assessments Prior to First Dose of BONSPRI: Hepatitis B Virus Screening: Prior to initiating BONSPRI, perform Hepatitis B virus (HBV) screening. BONSPRI is contraindicated in patients with active HBV confirmed by positive results for Hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] and anti-HBV tests. For patients who are negative for HBsAg and positive for Hepatitis B core antibody [HBcAb+] or are carriers of HBV [HBsAg+], consult liver disease experts before starting and during treatment with BONSPRI [see Infections under Precautions].
Serum Immunoglobulins: Prior to initiating BONSPRI, perform testing for quantitative serum immunoglobulins [see Reduction in Immunoglobulins under Precautions]. For patients with low serum immunoglobulins, consult immunology experts before initiating treatment with BONSPRI.
Vaccinations: Because vaccination with live-attenuated or live vaccines is not recommended during treatment and after discontinuation until B-cell repletion, administer all immunizations according to immunization guidelines at least 4 weeks prior to initiation of BONSPRI for live or live-attenuated vaccines, and whenever possible, at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of BONSPRI for inactivated vaccines [see Infections under Precautions].
Recommended Dosage: The recommended dosage of BONSPRI is: initial dosing of 20 mg by subcutaneous injection at Weeks 0, 1, and 2, followed by; subsequent dosing of 20 mg by subcutaneous injection once monthly starting at Week 4.
Missed Doses: If an injection of BONSPRI is missed, it should be administered as soon as possible without waiting until the next scheduled dose. Subsequent doses should be administered at the recommended intervals.
Administration Instructions: Administer by subcutaneous injection only.
BONSPRI is intended for patient self-administration by subcutaneous injection.
Administer BONSPRI in the abdomen, thigh, or outer upper arm subcutaneously. Do not give injection into moles, scars, stretch marks or areas where the skin is tender, bruised, red, scaly, or hard.
The first injection of BONSPRI should be performed under the guidance of a healthcare professional [see Injection-Related Reactions under Precautions].
BONSPRI syringes are for one-time use only and should be discarded after use. See Instructions for Use and Handling under Cautions for Usage for complete administration instructions.
Preparation of BONSPRI: The BONSPRI "Instructions for Use and Handling under Cautions for Usage" for each presentation contains more detailed instructions on the preparation of BONSPRI.
Before administration, remove BONSPRI pre-filled syringe from the refrigerator and allow BONSPRI to reach room temperature for about 15 to 30 minutes. DO NOT remove the needle cover while allowing the pre-filled syringe to reach room temperature.
Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever solution and container permit. Do not use if the liquid contains visible particles or is cloudy.
Overdosage
No cases of overdose have been reported in RMS clinical studies.
Doses up to 700 mg have been administered intravenously in clinical studies with MS patients without dose-limiting toxicity. In the event of overdose, it is recommended that the patient be monitored for any signs or symptoms of adverse reactions and appropriate symptomatic treatment be instituted as necessary.
Contraindications
BONSPRI is contraindicated in patients with: Active HBV infection [see Infections under Precautions].
Special Precautions
Infections: An increased risk of infections has been observed with other anti-CD20 B-cell depleting therapies.
BONSPRI has the potential for an increased risk of infections, including serious bacterial, fungal, and new or reactivated viral infections; some of these infections have been fatal in patients treated with other anti-CD20 antibodies. In Study 1 and Study 2 [see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Clinical Studies under Actions], the overall rate of infections and serious infections in patients treated with BONSPRI was similar to patients who were treated with teriflunomide (51.6% vs 52.7%, and 2.5% vs 1.8%, respectively). The most common infections reported by BONSPRI-treated patients in the randomized clinical relapsing MS (RMS) trials included upper respiratory tract infection (39%) and urinary tract infection (10%). Delay BONSPRI administration in patients with an active infection until the infection is resolved.
Possible Increased Risk of Immunosuppressant Effects with Other Immunosuppressants: When initiating BONSPRI after an immunosuppressive therapy or initiating an immunosuppressive therapy after BONSPRI, consider the potential for increased immunosuppressive effects [see Interactions and Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions]. BONSPRI has not been studied in combination with other MS therapies.
Hepatitis B Virus: Reactivation: There were no reports of HBV reactivation in patients with MS treated with BONSPRI.
However, HBV reactivation, in some cases resulting in fulminant hepatitis, hepatic failure, and death, has occurred in patients being treated with ofatumumab for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) (at higher intravenous doses than the recommended dose in MS but for a shorter duration of treatment) and in patients treated with other anti-CD20 antibodies.
Infection: BONSPRI is contraindicated in patients with active hepatitis B disease. Fatal infections caused by HBV in patients who have not been previously infected have occurred in patients being treated with ofatumumab for CLL (at higher intravenous doses than the recommended dose in MS but for a shorter duration of treatment). HBV screening should be performed in all patients before initiation of treatment with BONSPRI. At a minimum, screening should include Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis B Core Antibody (HBcAb) testing. These can be complemented with other appropriate markers as per local guidelines. For patients who are negative for HBsAg and positive for HB core antibody [HBcAb+] or are carriers of HBV [HBsAg+], consult liver disease experts before starting and during treatment with BONSPRI. These patients should be monitored and managed following local medical standards to prevent HBV infection or reactivation.
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is an opportunistic viral infection of the brain caused by the JC virus (JCV) that typically occurs in patients who are immunocompromised, and that usually leads to death or severe disability.
Although no cases of PML have been reported for BONSPRI in the RMS clinical studies, PML resulting in death has occurred in patients being treated with ofatumumab for CLL (at substantially higher intravenous doses than the recommended dose in MS but for a shorter duration of treatment). In addition, JCV infection resulting in PML has also been observed in patients treated with other anti-CD20 antibodies and other MS therapies. At the first sign or symptom suggestive of PML, withhold BONSPRI and perform an appropriate diagnostic evaluation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings may be apparent before clinical signs or symptoms. Typical symptoms associated with PML are diverse, progress over days to weeks, and include progressive weakness on one side of the body or clumsiness of limbs, disturbance of vision, and changes in thinking, memory, and orientation leading to confusion and personality changes.
If PML is confirmed, treatment with BONSPRI should be discontinued.
Vaccinations: Administer all immunizations according to immunization guidelines at least 4 weeks prior to initiation of BONSPRI for live or live-attenuated vaccines, and whenever possible, at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of BONSPRI for inactivated vaccines.
BONSPRI may interfere with the effectiveness of inactivated vaccines.
The safety of immunization with live or live-attenuated vaccines following BONSPRI therapy has not been studied. Vaccination with live or live-attenuated vaccines is not recommended during treatment and after discontinuation until B-cell repletion [see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions].
Vaccination of Infants Born to Mothers Treated with BONSPRI During Pregnancy: In infants of mothers treated with BONSPRI during pregnancy, do not administer live or live-attenuated vaccines before confirming the recovery of B-cell counts. Depletion of B-cells in these infants may increase the risks from live or live-attenuated vaccines.
Inactivated vaccines may be administered, as indicated, prior to recovery from B-cell depletion, but an assessment of vaccine immune responses, including consultation with a qualified specialist, should be considered to determine whether a protective immune response was mounted.
Injection-Related Reactions: In Study 1 and Study 2, systemic and local injection reactions were reported in 21% and 11% of patients treated with BONSPRI compared to 15% and 6% of patients treated with teriflunomide who received matching placebo injections, respectively [see Clinical Trials Experience under Adverse Reactions and Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Clinical Studies under Actions].
Injection-related reactions with systemic symptoms observed in clinical studies occurred most commonly within 24 hours of the first injection, but were also observed with later injections. Symptoms observed included fever, headache, myalgia, chills, and fatigue, and were predominantly (99.8%) mild to moderate in severity. There were no life-threatening injection reactions in the RMS clinical studies.
Local injection-site reaction symptoms observed in clinical studies included erythema, swelling, itching, and pain.
Only limited benefit of premedication with corticosteroids, antihistamines, or acetaminophen was observed in RMS clinical studies. The first injection of BONSPRI should be performed under the guidance of an appropriately trained healthcare professional. If injection-related reactions occur, symptomatic treatment is recommended.
Reduction in Immunoglobulins: As expected with any B-cell depleting therapy, decreased immunoglobulin levels were observed. Decrease in immunoglobulin M (IgM) was reported in 7.7% of patients treated with BONSPRI compared to 3.1% of patients treated with teriflunomide in RMS clinical trials [see Clinical Trials Experience under Adverse Reactions]. Treatment was discontinued because of decreased immunoglobulins in 3.4% of patients treated with BONSPRI and in 0.8% of patients treated with teriflunomide. No decline in immunoglobulin G (IgG) was observed at the end of the study. Monitor the levels of quantitative serum immunoglobulins during treatment, especially in patients with opportunistic or recurrent infections, and after discontinuation of therapy until B-cell repletion. Consider discontinuing BONSPRI therapy if a patient with low immunoglobulins develops a serious opportunistic infection or recurrent infections, or if prolonged hypogammaglobulinemia requires treatment with intravenous immunoglobulins.
Fetal Risk: Based on animal data, BONSPRI can cause fetal harm due to B-cell lymphopenia and reduce antibody response in offspring exposed to BONSPRI in utero. Transient peripheral B-cell depletion and lymphocytopenia have been reported in infants born to mothers exposed to other anti-CD20 B-cell depleting antibodies during pregnancy. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception while receiving BONSPRI and for at least 6 months after the last dose [see Pregnancy under Use in Pregnancy & Lactation].
Use in Children: Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients have not been established.
Use in the Elderly: Clinical studies of BONSPRI did not include sufficient numbers of geriatric patients to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Pregnancy: Risk Summary: There are no adequate data on the developmental risk associated with the use of BONSPRI in pregnant women. Ofatumumab may cross the placenta and cause fetal B-cell depletion based on findings from animal studies (see Data as follows).
Transient peripheral B-cell depletion and lymphocytopenia have been reported in infants born to mothers exposed to other anti-CD20 antibodies during pregnancy. B-cell levels in infants following maternal exposure to BONSPRI have not been studied in clinical trials. The potential duration of B-cell depletion in infants exposed to ofatumumab in utero, and the impact of B-cell depletion on the safety and effectiveness of vaccines, are unknown. Avoid administering live vaccines to neonates and infants exposed to BONSPRI in utero until B-cell recovery occurs [see Injection-Related Reactions under Precautions and Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions].
Following administration of ofatumumab to pregnant monkeys, increased mortality, depletion of B-cell populations, and impaired immune function were observed in the offspring, in the absence of maternal toxicity, at plasma levels substantially higher than that in humans (see Data as follows).
Epidemiologic studies from USA, Canada, major EU countries and South American countries have shown that the risk of birth defects in MS population is similar to that in the general population. For spontaneous abortions and still births, the background risk in the MS population in the US appears to be similar to that in the general US population.
Data: Animal Data: Intravenous administration of ofatumumab (weekly doses of 0, 20, or 100 mg/kg) to pregnant monkeys during the period of organogenesis (gestations days 20 to 50) resulted in no adverse effects on embryofetal development; however, B-cell depletion was observed in fetuses at both doses when assessed on gestation day 100. Plasma exposure (Cave) at the no-effect dose (100 mg/kg) for adverse effects on embryofetal development was greater than 5000 times that in humans at the recommended human maintenance dose of 20 mg. A no-effect dose for effects on B-cells was not identified; plasma exposure (Cave) at the low-effect dose (20 mg/kg) was approximately 780 times that in humans at the recommended human maintenance dose (RHMD) of 20 mg/month.
Intravenous administration of ofatumumab (5 weekly doses of 0, 10, and 100 mg/kg, followed by biweekly doses of 0, 3, and 20 mg/kg) to pregnant monkeys throughout pregnancy resulted in no adverse effects on the development of the offspring. However, postnatal death, B-cell depletion, and impaired immune function were observed in the offspring at the high dose. The deaths at the high dose were considered secondary to B-cell depletion. Plasma exposure (Cave) in dams at the no-effect dose (100/20 mg/kg) for adverse developmental effects was approximately 500 times that in humans at RHMD. A no-effect level for mortality and immune effects in offspring was not established because of the limited number of evaluable offspring at the low dose.
Lactation: Risk Summary: There are no data on the presence of ofatumumab in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects of the drug on milk production. Human IgG is excreted in human milk, and the potential for absorption of ofatumumab to lead to B-cell depletion in the infant is unknown. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for BONSPRI and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed infant from BONSPRI or from the underlying maternal condition.
Females and Males of Reproductive Potential: Contraception: Females of childbearing potential should use effective contraception while receiving BONSPRI and for 6 months after the last treatment of BONSPRI [see Fetal Risk under Precautions and Pharmacology: Pharmacokinetics under Actions].
Adverse Reactions
The following clinically significant adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail elsewhere in the labeling: Infections [see Infections under Precautions]; Injection-Related Reactions [see Injection-Related Reactions under Precautions]; Reduction in Immunoglobulins [see Reduction in Immunoglobulins under Precautions].
Clinical Trials Experience: Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reactions rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
Approximately 1500 patients with RMS received BONSPRI in clinical studies. In Study 1 and Study 2, 1882 patients with RMS were randomized, 946 of whom were treated with BONSPRI for a median duration of 85 weeks; 33% of patients receiving BONSPRI were treated for up to 120 weeks [see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Clinical Studies under Actions]. The most common adverse reactions occurring in greater than 10% of patients treated with BONSPRI and more frequently than in patients treated with teriflunomide were upper respiratory tract infections, injection-related reactions (systemic), headache, and injection- site reactions (local). The most common cause of discontinuation in patients treated with BONSPRI was low immunoglobulin M (3.3%), defined in trial protocols as IgM at 10% below the lower limit of normal (LLN).
Table 2 summarizes the adverse drug reactions that occurred in Study 1 and Study 2. (See Table 2.)

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Injection-Related Reactions and Injection-Site Reactions: The incidence of injection-related reactions (systemic) was highest with the first injection (14.4%), decreasing with subsequent injections (4.4% with second, less than 3% with third injection). Injection-related reactions were mostly (99.8%) mild to moderate in severity. Two (0.2%) patients treated with BONSPRI reported serious injection-related reactions. There were no life-threatening injection-related reactions. Most frequently reported symptoms (2% or greater) included fever, headache, myalgia, chills, and fatigue.
In addition to systemic injection-related reactions, local reactions at the administration site were very common. Local injection-site reactions were all mild to moderate in severity. The most frequently reported symptoms (2% or greater) included erythema, pain, itching, and swelling [see Injection-Related Reactions under Precautions].
Laboratory Abnormalities: Immunoglobulins: In Study 1 and Study 2, a decrease in the mean level of IgM was observed in BONSPRI-treated patients but was not associated with an increased risk of infections [see Reduction in Immunoglobulins under Precautions]. In 14.3% of patients in Study 1 and Study 2, treatment with BONSPRI resulted in a decrease in a serum IgM that reached a value below 0.34 g/dL. BONSPRI was associated with a decrease of 4.3% in mean IgG levels after 48 weeks of treatment and an increase of 2.2% after 96 weeks.
Immunogenicity: As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay.
Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medication, and the underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies in the studies described as follows with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other ofatumumab products may be misleading.
Treatment induced anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) were detected in 2 of 914 (0.2%) BONSPRI-treated patients; no patients with treatment enhancing or neutralizing ADAs were identified.
There was no impact of positive ADA titers on PK, safety profile or B-cell kinetics in any patient; however, these data are not adequate to assess the impact of ADAs on the safety and efficacy of BONSPRI.
Drug Interactions
Immunosuppressive or Immune-Modulating Therapies: Concomitant usage of BONSPRI with immunosuppressant drugs, including systemic corticosteroids, may increase the risk of infection. Consider the risk of additive immune system effects when coadministering immunosuppressive therapies with BONSPRI.
When switching from therapies with immune effects, the duration and mechanism of action of these therapies should be taken into account because of potential additive immunosuppressive effects when initiating BONSPRI.
Caution For Usage
Incompatibilities: BONSPRI must not be mixed with other medicinal products.
Instructions for Use and Handling: Instructions for Use of BONSPRI pre-filled syringe: Be sure that the patient reads, understands, and follow these "Instructions for Use" before injecting BONSPRI. Talk to a healthcare provider if the patient has any questions before using BONSPRI for the first time.
Remember: Do not use the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe if either the seal on the outer carton or the seal of the blister is broken. Keep the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe in the sealed carton until the patient is ready to use it.
Do not shake the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe.
The pre-filled syringe has a needle guard that will be activated to cover the needle after the injection is finished. The needle guard will help to prevent needle stick injuries to anyone who handles the pre-filled syringe after injection.
Do not remove the needle cap until just before the patient gives the injection.
Avoid touching the syringe guard wings before use. Touching them may cause the needle guard to be activated too early.
Throw away (dispose of) the used BONSPRI pre-filled syringe right away after use. Do not re-use a BONSPRI pre-filled syringe. See "How should the patient dispose of used BONSPRI pre-filled syringe?" at the end of these "Instructions for Use".
How should the patient store BONSPRI? Store the carton of the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe in a refrigerator, 2°C to 8°C (between 36°F to 46°F).
Keep the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe in the original carton until ready to use to protect from light.
Do not freeze the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe.
What the patient needs for injection: Included in the carton: A new BONSPRI pre-filled syringe.
Not included in the carton: 1 alcohol wipe, 1 cotton ball or gauze, Sharps disposal container.
See "How should the patient dispose of used BONSPRI pre-filled syringes?" at the end of these "Instructions for Use".
Prepare the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe: Step 1. Find a clean, well-lit, flat work surface.
Step 2. Take the carton containing the BONSPRI pre-filled syringe out of the refrigerator and leave it unopened on the work surface for about 15 to 30 minutes so that it reaches room temperature.
Step 3. Wash the hands well with soap and water.
Step 4. Remove the pre-filled syringe from the outer carton and take it out of the blister by holding the syringe guard body.
Step 5. Look through the viewing window on the pre-filled syringe. The liquid inside should be clear to slightly cloudy. The patient may see a small air bubble in the liquid, which is normal. Do not use the pre-filled syringe if the liquid contains visible particles or is cloudy.
Step 6. Do not use the pre-filled syringe if it is broken. Return the pre-filled syringe and the package it came in to the pharmacy.
Step 7. Do not use the pre-filled syringe if the expiration date has passed. Return the expired pre-filled syringe and the package it came in to the pharmacy.
Choose and clean the injection site: Areas of the body that the patient may use as injection sites include: the front of thighs; the lower stomach-area (abdomen), but not the area five cm (2 inches) around the navel (belly button); the upper outer arms, if a healthcare provider or caregiver is giving the injection.
Choose a different site each time the patient injects BONSPRI.
Do not inject into areas where the skin is tender, bruised, red, scaly, or hard. Avoid areas with scars or stretch marks.
Step 8. Using a circular motion, clean the injection site with the alcohol wipe. Leave it to dry before injecting. Do not touch the cleaned area again before injecting.
Giving the injection: Step 9. Carefully remove the needle cap from the pre-filled syringe. Throw away the needle cap. The patient may see a drop of liquid at the end of the needle. This is normal.
Step 10. With one hand, gently pinch the skin at the injection site. With the other hand insert the needle into the skin. Push the needle all the way in to make sure that the patient injects full dose.
Step 11. Hold the pre-filled syringe finger grips. Slowly press down on the plunger as far as it will go, so that the plunger head is completely between the syringe guard wings.
Step 12. Continue to press fully on the plunger for an additional 5 seconds. Hold the syringe in place for the full 5 seconds.
Step 13. Slowly release the plunger until the needle is covered, and then remove the syringe from the injection site.
Step 14. There may be a small amount of blood at the injection site. The patient can press a cotton ball or gauze over the injection site and hold it for 10 seconds. Do not rub the injection site. The patient may cover the injection site with a small adhesive bandage, if needed.
How should the patient dispose of used BONSPRI pre-filled syringe? Step 15. Dispose of used pre-filled syringe: Dispose of the used pre-filled syringe in a sharps disposal container (i.e. a puncture-resistant closable container, or similar).
Do not throw away (dispose of) the used pre-filled syringe in household trash.
Never try to reuse the pre-filled syringe.
Keep the sharps container out of the reach of children.
Storage
BONSPRI pre-filled syringes must be refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C. Keep the product in the original carton to protect from light until the time of use. Do not freeze. To avoid foaming, do not shake.
Patient Counseling Information
Advise the patient to read patient labeling (Patient Information Leaflet).
Infections: Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider for any signs of infection during treatment or after the last dose. Signs include fever, chills, constant cough, or dysuria [see Infections under Precautions].
Advise patients that BONSPRI may cause reactivation of hepatitis B infection and that monitoring will be required if they are at risk [see Infections under Precautions].
Advise patients that PML has happened with an intravenous form of ofatumumab administered at a higher intravenous dosage in patients with CLL, as well as with drugs that are similar to BONSPRI, and may happen with BONSPRI. Inform the patient that PML is characterized by a progression of deficits and usually leads to death or severe disability over weeks or months. Instruct the patient of the importance of contacting their healthcare provider if they develop any symptoms suggestive of PML. Inform the patient that typical symptoms associated with PML are diverse, progress over days to weeks, and include progressive weakness on one side of the body or clumsiness of limbs, disturbance of vision, and changes in thinking, memory, and orientation leading to confusion and personality changes [see Infections under Precautions].
Vaccinations: Advise patients to complete any required live or live-attenuated vaccinations at least 4 weeks and, whenever possible at least 2 weeks prior to initiation of BONSPRI for inactivated vaccines.
Administration of live-attenuated or live vaccines is not recommended during BONSPRI treatment and until B-cell recovery [see Infections under Precautions].
Injection-Related Reactions: Inform patients about the signs and symptoms of injection-related reactions, and that these reactions generally occur within 24 hours and predominantly following the first injection. Advise patients to contact their healthcare provider if they experience signs or symptoms of injection-related reactions [see Injection-Related Reactions under Precautions].
Contraception: Advise females of childbearing potential to use effective contraception while receiving BONSPRI and for 6 months after the last treatment of BONSPRI [see Fetal Risk under Precautions and Females and Males of Reproductive Potential under Use in Pregnancy & Lactation].
Instruction on Injection Technique: Patients or caregivers should be instructed by a healthcare professional on how to administer BONSPRI [see Instructions for Use and Handling under Cautions for Usage].
Instruct patients or caregivers in the technique of proper syringe and needle disposal, and advise them not to reuse these items. Instruct patients to inject the full amount of BONSPRI according to the directions provided in the Instructions for Use and Handling under Cautions for Usage. Dispose of syringes in a puncture-resistant container.
MIMS Class
Immunosuppressants
ATC Classification
L04AA52 - ofatumumab ; Belongs to the class of selective immunosuppressive agents. Used to induce immunosuppression.
Presentation/Packing
Soln for inj (clear to slightly opalescent and colorless to slightly brownish-yellow soln in pre-filled syringe) 20 mg/0.4 mL x 1's.
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