DuoTrav Special Precautions

travoprost + timolol




Full Prescribing Info
Special Precautions
General: Like other topically applied ophthalmic agents, travoprost and timolol are absorbed systemically. Due to the beta-adrenergic blocking component in ophthalmic timolol, the same types of cardiovascular, pulmonary and other adverse reactions seen with systemic beta-adrenergic blocking agents may occur.
Cardiac disorders: In patients with cardiovascular diseases (e.g. coronary heart disease, Prinzmetal's angina and cardiac failure) and hypotension, therapy with beta-blockers should be critically assessed and the therapy with other active substances should be considered. Patients with cardiovascular diseases should be watched for signs of deterioration of these diseases and for adverse reactions.
Vascular disorders: Patients with severe peripheral circulatory disturbance/disorders (i.e. severe forms of Raynaud's disease or Raynaud's syndrome) should be treated with caution.
Respiratory disorders: Respiratory reactions, including death due to bronchospasm in patients with asthma have been reported following administration of some ophthalmic beta-blockers.
Hypoglycemia/diabetes: Beta-blockers should be administered with caution in patients subject to spontaneous hypoglycemia or to patients with labile diabetes, as beta-blockers may mask the signs and symptoms of acute hypoglycemia.
Hyperthyroidism: Beta-blockers may mask the signs of hyperthyroidism.
Muscle weakness: Beta-adrenergic blocking agents have been reported to potentiate muscle weakness consistent with certain myasthenic symptoms (e.g. diplopia, ptosis and generalized weakness).
Anaphylactic reactions: While taking beta-blockers, patients with history of atopy or a history of severe anaphylactic reaction to a variety of allergens may be more reactive to repeated challenge with such allergens and unresponsive to the usual dose of adrenaline (epinephrine) used to treat anaphylactic reactions.
Ocular effects: Travoprost may gradually change the eye color by increasing the number of melanosomes (pigment granules) in melanocytes. Before treatment is instituted, patients must be informed of the possibility of a permanent change in eye color. The change in iris color occurs slowly and may not be noticeable for months to years.
Periorbital and/or eyelid skin darkening has been reported in association with the use of travoprost. Periorbital and lid changes, including deepening of the eyelid sulcus, have been observed with prostaglandin analogues.
Travoprost may gradually change eyelashes in the treated eye(s); these changes include increased length, thickness, pigmentation, and/or number of lashes.
Macular edema has been reported during treatment with prostaglandin F2a analogues. Travoprost should be used with caution in aphakic patients, pseudophakic patients with torn posterior lens capsule or anterior chamber lenses, or in patients with known risk factors for macular edema.
DuoTrav should be used with caution in patients with active intraocular inflammation, as well as patients with predisposing risk factors for uveitis.
Choroidal detachment: Choroidal detachment has been reported with administration of aqueous suppressant therapy (e.g. timolol, acetazolamide) after filtration procedures.
Surgical anesthesia: Beta-blocking ophthalmological preparations may block systemic beta-agonist effects e.g. of adrenaline. The anesthesiologist should be informed when the patient is receiving timolol.
Other beta-blocking agents: The effect on intra-ocular pressure or the known effects of systemic beta-blockade may be exaggerated when timolol is given to the patients already receiving a systemic beta-blocking agent. The response of these patients should be closely observed. The use of two topical beta-adrenergic blocking agents is not recommended (see Interactions).
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: As with any eye drop, temporary blurred vision or other visual disturbances may affect the ability to drive or use machines. If blurred vision occurs at instillation, the patient must wait until the vision clears before driving or using machines.
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