The estimation of the frequency of adverse reactions is based on a pooled analysis of data from clinical studies.
The most frequently reported adverse reactions during treatment are application site reactions.
Adverse reactions are listed by MedDRA SOC and the individual adverse reactions are listed starting with the most frequently reported. Within each frequency grouping, adverse reactions are presented in the order of decreasing seriousness.
Very common (≥1/10); Common (≥1/100 to <1/10); Uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100); Rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000); Very rare (<1/10,000); Not known (cannot be estimated from the available data). (See Table 6.)
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Paediatric population: No clinically relevant differences between the safety profiles in adult and adolescent populations have been observed. A total of 106 adolescent subjects were treated in one open-label clinical trial. See Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions for further details regarding this trial.
The following adverse reactions are considered to be related to the pharmacological classes of calcipotriol and betamethasone, respectively: Calcipotriol: Adverse reactions include application site reactions, pruritus, skin irritation, burning and stinging sensation, dry skin, erythema, rash, dermatitis, psoriasis aggravated, photosensitivity and hypersensitivity reactions, including very rare cases of angioedema and facial oedema.
Systemic effects after topical use may appear very rarely causing hypercalcaemia or hypercalciuria (see Precautions).
Betamethasone (as dipropionate): Local reactions can occur after topical use, especially during prolonged application, including skin atrophy, telangiectasia, striae, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, depigmentation, and colloid milia.
When treating psoriasis with topical corticosteroids, there may be a risk of generalised pustular psoriasis.
Systemic reactions due to topical use of corticosteroids are rare in adults; however, they can be severe. Adrenocortical suppression, cataract, infections, impaired glycaemic control of diabetes mellitus, and increase of intra-ocular pressure can occur, especially after long-term treatment. Systemic reactions occur more frequently when applied under occlusion (plastic, skin folds), when applied on large areas, and during long-term treatment (see Precautions).