Adult: 1 g once daily IM (for up to 7 days) or IV infusion over 30 min (for up to 14 days). Child: 3 mth to 13 yr 15 mg/kg bid. Max: 1 g/day.
Patient undergoing haemodialysis: 500 mg/day; if daily dose given w/in 6 hr prior to haemodialysis, supplemental dose of 150 mg should be administered following the dialysis period.
ESRD: 500 mg/day.
IV: Dilute powd for inj in 10 mL of sterile water for inj, NaCl 0.9% inj or bacteriostatic water for inj then reconstituted soln should be further diluted w/ 50 mL NaCl 0.9%. IM: Reconstitute w/ 3.2 mL of lidocaine 1% inj (w/o epinephrine).
Ertapenem Na should not be diluted or reconstituted w/ dextrose-containing soln or admixed w/ other medications. Y-site: Anidulafungin, caspofungin.
Hypersensitivity to ertapenem, other carbapenems; history of anaphylactic reaction to β-lactams (e.g. penicillins, cephalosporins). Known hypersensitivity to local anaesth of the amide type due to use of lidocaine as diluent in IM use.
Patient w/ known or suspected CNS disorders (e.g. brain lesions, history of seizures). Renal impairment. Pregnancy and lactation.
Periodic renal, hepatic and haematopoietic assessment during prolonged therapy. Monitor signs of hypersensitivity reactions, neurologic status.
May decrease plasma levels of valproic acid thus, increasing the risk of seizures. Increased plasma concentrations w/ probenecid.
Description: Ertapenem is a synthetic carbapenem β-lactam antibiotic which inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis binding to 1 or more penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). It is active against gm+ve and gm-ve aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and stable against hydrolysis by dehydropeptidase 1 (DHP 1). Pharmacokinetics: Absorption: Almost completely absorbed following IM admin. Bioavailability: Approx 90% (IM). Time to peak plasma concentration: Approx 2.3 hr (IM). Distribution: Distributed into breast milk. Volume of distribution: Approx 0.2 L/kg (3 mth to 12 yr); approx 0.16 L/kg (13-17 yr); approx 0.12 L/kg (adult). Plasma protein binding: >90% (mainly albumin). Metabolism: Partially metabolised via hydrolysis of its β-lactam ring by DHP 1 to an open-ringed metabolite. Excretion: Via urine (approx 80% as unchanged drug and metabolite); faeces (approx 10%). Plasma half-life: 2.5 hr (infants and childn 3 mth to 12 yr); approx 4 hr (adult).
Reconstituted soln: Store at 25°C (for 6 hr) or refrigerate between 2-8°C (for 24 hr). Do not freeze.
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