Euthyrox

Euthyrox Special Precautions

levothyroxine sodium

Manufacturer:

Merck

Distributor:

Zuellig Pharma
Full Prescribing Info
Special Precautions
Before starting therapy with thyroid hormones or before performing a thyroid suppression test, the following diseases or medical conditions should be excluded or treated: coronary failure, angina pectoris, arteriosclerosis, hypertension, pituitary insufficiency, adrenal insufficiency. Thyroid autonomy should also be excluded or treated before starting therapy with thyroid hormones. In case of adrenocortical dysfunction, this should be treated before starting the therapy with levothyroxine by adequate replacement treatment to prevent acute adrenal insufficiency (see Contraindications).
When initiating levothyroxine therapy in patients at risk of psychotic disorders, it is recommended to start at a low levothyroxine dose and to slowly increase the dosage at the beginning of the therapy. Monitoring of the patient is advised. If signs of psychotic disorders occur, adjustment of the dose of levothyroxine should be considered.
Even slight drug-induced hyperthyroidism must be avoided in patients with coronary failure, cardiac insufficiency or tachycardiac arrhythmias. Hence frequent checks of thyroid hormone parameters must be made in these cases.
In the case of secondary hypothyroidism the cause must be determined before replacement therapy is given and if necessary replacement treatment of a compensated adrenal insufficiency must be commenced.
Where thyroid autonomy is suspected a TRH test should be carried out or a suppression scintigram obtained before treatment.
Haemodynamic parameters should be monitored when levothyroxine therapy is initiated in very low birth weight preterm neonates as circulatory collapse may occur due to the immature adrenal function.
In postmenopausal women with hypothyroidism and an increased risk of osteoporosis supra-physiological serum levels of levothyroxine should be avoided, and, therefore, thyroid function should be checked closely.
Levothyroxine should not be given in hyperthyreotic states other than as concomitant supplementation during anti-thyroid drug treatment of hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid hormones should not be given for weight reduction. In euthyroid patients, treatment with levothyroxine does not cause weight reduction. Substantial doses may cause serious or even life-threatening undesirable effects. Levothyroxine in high doses should not be combined with certain substances for weight reduction, i.e. sympathomimetics (see Overdosage).
If a switch to another levothyroxine-containing product is required, there is a need to undertake a close monitoring including a clinical and biological monitoring during the transition period due to a potential risk of thyroid imbalance. In some patients, a dose adjustment could be necessary.
Hypothyroidism and/or reduced control of hypothyroidism may occur when orlistat and levothyroxine are co-administered. Patients taking levothyroxine should consult a doctor before starting treatment with orlistat, as orlistat and levothyroxine may need to be taken at different times and the dose of levothyroxine may need to be adjusted. Further, it is recommended to monitor the patient by checking the hormone levels in the serum.
For diabetic patients and patients under anticoagulant therapy, see Interactions.
This medicinal product contains less than 1 mmol sodium (23 mg) per tablet, i.e. essentially 'sodium-free'.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: No studies on the effects on the ability to drive and use machines have been performed. However, since levothyroxine is identical to the naturally occurring thyroid hormone, it is not expected that Euthyrox has any influence on the ability to drive and use machines.
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