Euthyrox Use In Pregnancy & Lactation

levothyroxine sodium




Zuellig Pharma
Full Prescribing Info
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Treatment with levothyroxine should be given consistently during pregnancy and breast-feeding in particular. Dosage requirements may even increase during pregnancy. Since elevations in serum TSH may occur as early as 4 weeks of gestation, pregnant women taking levothyroxine should have their TSH measured during each trimester, in order to confirm that the maternal serum TSH values lie within the trimester-specific pregnancy reference range. An elevated serum TSH level should be corrected by an increase in the dose of levothyroxine. Since postpartum TSH levels are similar to preconception values, the levothyroxine dosage should return to the pre-pregnancy dose immediately after delivery. A serum TSH level should be obtained 6-8 weeks postpartum.
Pregnancy: Experience has shown that there is no evidence of drug-induced teratogenicity and/or foeto-toxicity in humans at the recommended therapeutic dose level. Excessively high dose levels of levothyroxine during pregnancy may have a negative effect on foetal and postnatal development.
Combination therapy of hyperthyroidism with levothyroxine and anti-thyroid agents is not indicated in pregnancy. Such combination would require higher doses of anti-thyroid agents, which are known to pass the placenta and to induce hypothyroidism in the infant.
Thyroid suppression diagnostic tests should not be carried out during pregnancy, as the application of radioactive substances in pregnant women is contraindicated.
Breast-feeding: Levothyroxine is secreted into breast milk during lactation but the concentrations achieved at the recommended therapeutic dose level are not sufficient to cause development of hyperthyroidism or suppression of TSH secretion in the infant.
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