Patient Medicine Information
Why do I need this medicine?
Fosinopril is used on its own or together with other medicines to keep your blood pressure under control. This medicine relaxes your blood vessels and this helps to lower your blood pressure.

Fosinopril may also be used to treat other conditions such as heart failure.
How do I take this medicine?
Take Fosinopril exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.

This medicine should be taken on an empty stomach 1 hour before meals. However, you may take it with meals if you get an upset stomach when you take it on an empty stomach. Try to take it at the same time each day.

Fosinopril must be taken regularly for it to be effective. Continue taking this medicine even when you feel better. Do not stop taking it unless instructed by the doctor.
What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to take your medicine, inform your doctor and pharmacist.
When should I not use this medicine?
Alert your doctor if you have previously experience a serious allergic reaction which causes swelling of the face and throat due to an unknown reason or a family history, as Fosinopril may not be suitable for you.

Do not take this medicine if you are pregnant.

Do not take Fosinopril with aliskiren (medicine used to treat high blood pressure) if you have diabetes.
What should I take note of while taking this medicine?
Inform your doctor if you have the following conditions:

- heart disease such as narrowing of the valves of the heart
- kidney disease
- liver disease
- diabetes
- immune system diseases affecting collagen

Let your doctor know if you are breastfeeding.

If you are going for an operation, including minor surgery and dental work, inform your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medicine.

Keep your appointments with your doctor. Your doctor needs to monitor your condition and check your response to the medication regularly. He may also need to do routine blood tests while you are being treated with Fosinopril.

What lifestyle changes can I make to improve my blood pressure?

Regular exercise and eating a healthy diet will help lower your blood pressure and improve your overall health. Engage in physical activity (e.g. walking) at least 30 to 60 minutes on most days of the week. If you have not exercised for a long time, start with light exercises such as slow walks. Speak to your doctor about what type of exercise would be suitable for you. Follow a healthy diet plan by eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products and reduce your intake of foods high in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. Cutting down on deep-fried foods and using less salt when cooking can kick-start your healthy diet.

If you smoke, you should try to quit. Smoking is harmful to your blood pressure, heart and overall health. Speak to your doctor or pharmacist about ways to kick your smoking habit.

Try to keep stress levels under control as stress will cause your blood pressure to go up.
What side effects could I experience?
Fosinopril may cause dizziness. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert. If you are taking this medicine for the very first time, take the first dose of Fosinopril at bedtime to minimise dizziness.

You may also feel dizzy when getting up from a sitting or lying down position, especially if you are taking this medicine for the very first time. This is common and should improve gradually as you get used to Fosinopril. To minimise this problem, stand up slowly.

Other side effects include any of the following: headache, chest pain, dry cough, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, diarrhoea, indigestion, muscle pain, tiredness and weakness.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following:

- swelling of hands, legs, face, or mouth
- difficulty in breathing
- chest pain
- fast or irregular heartbeat
- yellowing of the eyes or skin
- fever with persistent sore throat or mouth ulcers, unusual bleeding or bruising

Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.
Can I take this with other medicines?
Do not take Fosinopril with aliskiren (medicine used to treat high blood pressure) if you have diabetes.

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:

- medicine for mood disorders e.g. lithium
- other medicines for high blood pressure e.g. doxazosin, prazosin, hydralazine
- medicines for pain and inflammation e.g. aspirin diclofenac, ibuprofen, indometacin
- medicines for diabetes e.g. insulin, metformin, glibenlamide, gliclazide, glipizide
- potassium supplements (either as a medicine or a as a salt substitute)
- medicines for chest pain e.g. nitroglycerin, isosorbide mononitrate, isosorbide dinitrate

This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Fosinopril.

Fosinopril should not be taken with antacids as antacids could reduce the effectiveness of this medicine. If you must take antacid, there should be at least 2 hours interval between the antacid and Fosinopril.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicine, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
What special dietary instructions should I follow?
Cut down on your salt intake -- this may help lower your blood pressure and improve your overall health. Speak to your doctor or dietitian about ways to cut down on your salt intake.

Avoid drinking too much alcohol. Speak to your doctor if you have a drinking problem.
How should I store this medicine?
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.
This information is independently developed by MIMS based on fosinopril-oral and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2022 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by
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