Infanrix Hexa

Infanrix Hexa

Manufacturer:

GlaxoSmithKline

Distributor:

Zuellig Pharma
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Combined diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis, hepatitis B, enhanced inactivated polio vaccine and Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine.
Description
After reconstitution, 1 dose (0.5 ml) contains: Diphtheria toxoid1 not less than 30 International Units (IU). Tetanus toxoid1 not less than 40 International Units (IU). Bordetella pertussis antigens: Pertussis toxoid (PT)1 25 micrograms; Filamentous Haemagglutinin (FHA)1 25 micrograms; Pertactin (PRN)1 8 micrograms. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs)2,3 10 micrograms. Poliovirus (inactivated) (IPV): type 1 (Mahoney strain)4 40 D-antigen unit; type 2 (MEF-1 strain)4 8 D-antigen unit; type 3 (Saukett strain)4 32 D-antigen unit. Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide 10 micrograms (polyribosylribitol phosphate, PRP)3, conjugated to tetanus toxoid as carrier protein approximately 25 micrograms.
1adsorbed on aluminium hydroxide, hydrated (Al(OH)3) 0.5 milligrams Al3+.
2produced in yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) by recombinant DNA technology.
3adsorbed on aluminium phosphate (AlPO4) 0.32 milligrams Al3+.
4propagated in VERO cells.
Upon storage, a white deposit and clear supernatant can be observed. This is a normal observation.
The Hib component is presented as a white powder.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Lactose, sodium chloride (NaCl), Medium 199 (as stabilizer containing amino acids, mineral salts and vitamins), water for injections.
Potassium chloride, disodium phosphate, monopotassium phosphate, polysorbate 20 and 80, glycine, formaldehyde, neomycin sulphate, polymyxin B sulphate are present as residuals from the manufacturing process.
Action
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Bacterial and viral vaccines combined. ATC Code: J07CA09.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Immunogenicity: The immunogenicity of Infanrix hexa has been evaluated in clinical studies from 6 weeks of age. The vaccine was assessed in 2-dose and 3-dose priming schedules, including the schedule for the Expanded Program on Immunisation, and as a booster dose. The result of these clinical studies are summarised in the tables as follows.
After a 3-dose primary vaccination schedule, at least 95.7% of infants had developed seroprotective or seropositive antibody levels against each of the vaccine antigens. After booster vaccination (post-dose 4), at least 98.4% of children had developed seroprotective or seropositive antibody levels against each of the vaccine antigens. (See Table 1.)

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After a complete vaccination according to a 2-dose primary and booster schedule with Infanrix hexa, at least 97.9% of the subjects had developed seroprotective or seropositive antibody levels against each of the vaccine antigens. (See Table 2.)

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Serological correlates of protection have been established for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, Hepatitis B and Hib. For pertussis there is no serological correlate of protection. However, as the immune response to pertussis antigens following Infanrix hexa administration is equivalent to that of Infanrix, the protective efficacy of the two vaccines is expected to be equivalent.
Efficacy in protecting against pertussis: The protective efficacy of the pertussis component of Infanrix against WHO-defined typical pertussis (≥ 21 days of paroxysmal cough) was demonstrated after 3-dose primary immunisation in the studies tabulated as follows (see Table 3):

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Immunogenicity in preterm infants: The immunogenicity of Infanrix hexa was evaluated across three studies including approximately 300 preterm infants (born after a gestation period of 24 to 36 weeks) following a 3-dose primary vaccination course at 2, 4 and 6 months of age. The immunogenicity of a booster dose at 18 to 24 months of age was evaluated in approximately 200 preterm infants.
One month after primary vaccination at least 98.7% of subjects were seroprotected against diphtheria, tetanus and poliovirus types 1 and 2; at least 90.9% had seroprotective antibody levels against the hepatitis B, PRP and poliovirus type 3 antigens; and all subjects were seropositive for antibodies against FHA and PRN while 94.9% were seropositive for anti-PT antibodies.
One month after the booster dose at least 98.4% of subjects had seroprotective or seropositive antibody levels against each of the antigens except against PT (at least 96.8%) and hepatitis B (at least 88.7%). The response to the booster dose in terms of fold increases in antibody concentrations (15- to 235-fold), indicate that preterm infants were adequately primed for all the antigens of Infanrix hexa.
In a follow-up study, approximately 2.5 to 3 years after the booster dose, 85.3% of the children were still seroprotected against hepatitis B and at least 95.7% were seroprotected against the three poliovirus types and PRP.
Persistence of the immune response: The persistence of the immune response to a 3-dose primary and booster schedule with Infanrix hexa was evaluated in children 4-8 years of age. Protective immunity against the three poliovirus types and PRP was observed in at least 91.0% of children and against diphtheria and tetanus in at least 64.7% of children. At least 25.4% (anti-PT), 97.5% (anti-FHA) and 87.0% (anti-PRN) of children were seropositive against the pertussis components.
With regards to hepatitis B, protective immunity following a 3-dose primary and booster schedule with Infanrix hexa has been shown to persist in ≥ 85% of subjects 4-5 years of age and in ≥72% of subjects 7-8 years of age. Additionally, following a 2-dose primary and booster schedule, protective immunity against hepatitis B persisted in ≥ 48% of subjects 11-12 years of age.
Hepatitis B immunological memory was confirmed in children 4 to 12 years of age. These children had received Infanrix hexa as primary and booster vaccination in infancy, and when an additional dose of monovalent HBV vaccine was administered, protective immunity was induced in at least 96.8% of subjects.
Post marketing experience: Results of long term follow-up in Sweden demonstrate that acellular pertussis vaccines are efficacious in infants when administered according to the 3 and 5 months primary vaccination schedule, with a booster dose administered at approximately 12 months. However, data indicate that protection against pertussis may be waning at 7-8 years of age. This suggests that a second booster dose of pertussis vaccine is warranted in children aged 5-7 years who have previously been vaccinated following this schedule.
The effectiveness of the Hib component of Infanrix hexa was investigated via an extensive post-marketing surveilance study conducted in Germany. Over a seven year follow-up period, the effectiveness of the Hib components of two hexavalent vaccines, of which one was Infanrix hexa, was 89.6% for a full primary series and 100% for a full primary series plus booster dose (irrespective of the Hib vaccine used for priming).
Infanrix hexa has been the principal Hib-containing vaccine available in Italy since 2006. The vaccine is administered at 3,5 and 11 months of age and coverage has exceeded 95%. Hib disease has continued to be well controlled, with no more than three confirmed Hib cases reported annually between 2006 and 2011 in Italian children aged less than 5 years.
Clinical Studies: See Pharmacodynamics as previously mentioned.
Pharmacokinetics: Evaluation of pharmacokinetic properties is not required for vaccines.
Toxicology: Pre-clinical Safety Data: Preclinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety, specific toxicity, repeated dose toxicity and compatibility of ingredients.
Indications/Uses
Infanrix hexa is indicated for primary immunisation against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type B in infants from the age of 6 weeks and may be given to infants who received a first dose of Hepatitis vaccine at birth.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Posology: The primary vaccination schedule consists of two or three doses (of 0.5 ml) which should be administered according to official recommendations (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Pharmacodynamic Effects for schedules evaluated in clinical trials under Actions). Infanrix hexa can be considered for the booster if the antigen composition is in accordance with the official recommendations. (See Table 4.)

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The Expanded Program on Immunisation schedule (at 6, 10, 14 weeks of age) may only be used if a dose of hepatitis B vaccine has been given at birth.
Where a dose of hepatitis B vaccine is given at birth, Infanrix hexa can be used as a replacement for supplementary doses of hepatitis B vaccine from the age of 6 weeks. If a second dose of hepatitis B vaccine is required before this age, monovalent hepatitis B vaccine should be used.
Locally established immunoprophylactic measures against hepatitis B should be maintained.
Method of administration: Infanrix hexa is for deep intramuscular injection.
Overdosage
Insufficient data are available.
Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to the active substances or to any of the excipients or residues (see Qualitative and quantitative composition and Excipients/Inactive Ingredients under Description).
Hypersensitivity after previous administration of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, polio or Hib vaccines.
Infanrix hexa is contraindicated if the child has experienced an encephalopathy of unknown aetiology, occurring within 7 days following previous vaccination with pertussis containing vaccine. In these circumstances pertussis vaccination should be discontinued and the vaccination course should be continued with diphtheria-tetanus, hepatitis B, inactivated polio and Hib vaccines.
Special Precautions
As with other vaccines, administration of Infanrix hexa should be postponed in subjects suffering from acute severe febrile illness. The presence of a minor infection is not a contra-indication.
Vaccination should be preceded by a review of the medical history (especially with regard to previous vaccination and possible occurrence of undesirable events) and a clinical examination.
A protective immune response may not be elicited in all vaccinees (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Pharmacodynamic Effects under Actions).
Infanrix hexa will not prevent disease caused by pathogens other than Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Clostridium tetani, Bordetella pertussis, hepatitis B virus, poliovirus or Haemophilus influenzae type b. However, it can be expected that hepatitis D will be prevented by immunisation as hepatitis D (caused by the delta agent) does not occur in the absence of hepatitis B infection.
If any of the following events are known to have occurred in temporal relation to receipt of pertussis-containing vaccine, the decision to give further doses of pertussis-containing vaccines should be carefully considered: Temperature of ≥ 40.0°C within 48 hours, not due to another identifiable cause.
Collapse or shock-like state (hypotonic-hyporesponsive episode) within 48 hours of vaccination.
Persistent, inconsolable crying lasting ≥ 3 hours, occurring within 48 hours of vaccination.
Convulsions with or without fever, occurring within 3 days of vaccination.
There may be circumstances, such as a high incidence of pertussis, when the potential benefits outweigh possible risks.
In children with progressive neurological disorders, including infantile spasms, uncontrolled epilepsy or progressive encephalopathy, it is better to defer pertussis (Pa or Pw) immunization until the condition is corrected or stable. However, the decision to give pertussis vaccine must be made on an individual basis after careful consideration of the risks and benefits.
As with all injectable vaccines, appropriate medical treatment and supervision should always be readily available in case of a rare anaphylactic event following the administration of the vaccine.
Infanrix hexa should be administered with caution to subjects with thrombocytopenia or a bleeding disorder since bleeding may occur following an intramuscular administration to these subjects.
Do not administer the vaccine intravascularly or intradermally.
A history of febrile convulsions, a family history of convulsions or Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) do not constitute contraindications for the use of Infanrix hexa. Vaccinees with a history of febrile convulsions should be closely followed up as such adverse events may occur within 2 to 3 days post vaccination.
Data from clinical studies indicate that, when Infanrix hexa is co-administered with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, the rate of febrile reactions is higher compared to that occurring following the administration of Infanrix hexa alone.
Increased reporting rates of convulsions (with or without fever) and hypotonic hyporesponsive episode (HHE) were observed with concomitant administration of Infanrix hexa and Prevenar 13 (see Adverse Reactions).
Antipyretic treatment should be initiated according to local treatment guidelines.
Syncope (fainting) can occur following, or even before, any vaccination as a psychogenic response to the needle injection. It is important that procedures are in place to avoid injury from faints.
Special populations: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is not considered as a contra-indication. The expected immunological response may not be obtained after vaccination of immunosuppressed patients.
Clinical data indicate that Infanrix hexa can be given to preterm infants, however, as expected in this population, a lower immune response has been observed for some antigens (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Pharmacodynamic Effects under Actions and Adverse Reactions).
The potential risk of apnoea and the need for respiratory monitoring for 48-72h should be considered when administering the primary immunization series to very preterm infants (born ≤ 28 weeks of gestation) and particularly for those with a previous history of respiratory immaturity. As the benefit of vaccination is high in these infants, vaccination should not be withheld or delayed.
Interference with laboratory testing: Since the Hib capsular polysaccharide antigen is excreted in the urine a positive urine test can be observed within 2 weeks following vaccination. Other tests should be performed in order to confirm Hib infection during this period.
Effects on Ability to Drive and Use Machines: Not relevant.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
As Infanrix hexa is not intended for use in adults, information on the safety of the vaccine when used during pregnancy or lactation is not available.
Adverse Reactions
Clinical Trial Data: The safety profile presented as follows is based on data from more than 16,000 subjects.
As has been observed for DTPa and DTPa-containing combinations, an increase in local reactogenicity and fever was reported after booster vaccination with Infanrix hexa with respect to the primary course.
Adverse reactions reported are listed according to the following frequency: Very common: ≥ 1/10; Common: ≥ 1/100 to < 1/10; Uncommon: ≥ 1/1000 to < 1/100; Rare: ≥ 1/10000 to < 1/1000; Very rare: < 1/10000. (See Table 5.)

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Post Marketing Data: The following drug-related adverse reactions were reported during post-marketing surveillance. (See Table 6.)

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Safety in preterm infants: Infanrix hexa has been administered to more than 1000 preterm infants (born after a gestation period of 24 to 36 weeks) in primary vaccination studies and in more than 200 preterm infants as a booster dose in the second year of life. In comparative studies, similar rates of symptoms were observed in preterm and full-term infants.
Experience with hepatitis B vaccine: Paralysis, neuropathy, encephalopathy, encephalitis, meningitis, allergic reactions mimicking serum sickness, neuritis, hypotension, vasculitis, lichen planus, erythema multiforme, arthritis and muscular weakness have been reported during post-marketing surveillance following GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals' hepatitis B vaccine in infants < 2 years old. The causal relationship to the vaccine has not been established.
Drug Interactions
Infanrix hexa can be given concomitantly with pneumococcal conjugate, MenC conjugate, MenACWY conjugate, rotavirus, measles, mumps, rubella and varicella vaccines. Data have shown no clinically relevant interference in the antibody response to each of the individual antigens.
Data from clinical studies indicate that, when Infanrix hexa is co-administered with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, the rate of febrile reactions is higher compared to that occurring following the administration of Infanrix hexa alone (see Precautions for guidance on pneumococcal conjugate vaccines).
As with other vaccines it may be expected that in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy, an adequate response may not be achieved.
Caution For Usage
Instructions for Use/Handling: Vial and pre-filled syringe presentation: The DTPa-HBV-IPV suspension should be well shaken in order to obtain a homogeneous turbid white suspension. The DTPa-HBV-IPV suspension and the Hib powder should be inspected visually for any foreign particulate matter and/or variation of physical aspect. In the event of either being observed, discard the vaccine.
Infanrix hexa must be reconstituted by adding the entire contents of the pre-filled syringe to the vial containing the Hib powder. The mixture should be well shaken until the powder is completely dissolved in the suspension.
It is good clinical practice to only inject a vaccine when it has reached room temperature. In addition, a vial at room temperature ensures sufficient elasticity of the rubber closure to minimise any coring of rubber particles. To achieve this, the vial should be kept at room temperature (25 ± 3 °C) for at least five minutes before connecting the pre-filled syringe and reconstituting the vaccine.
The reconstituted vaccine presents as a slightly more cloudy suspension than the liquid component alone. This is a normal observation.
The reconstituted vaccine should be inspected visually for any foreign particulate matter and/or abnormal physical performance. In the event if either being observed, discard the vaccine.
After reconstitution, the vaccine should be injected immediately. However the vaccine may be kept for up to 8 hours at room temperature (21°C).
Withdraw the entire content of the vial.
Specific instructions for the pre-filled syringe with a luer lock adaptor (PRTC): Holding the syringe barrel in one hand (avoid holding the syringe plunger), unscrew the syringe cap by twisting it anticlockwise.
To attach the needle to the syringe, twist the needle clockwise into the syringe until you feel it lock.
Remove the needle protector, which on occasion can be a little stiff.
Administer the vaccine.
Vial and vial presentation: Infanrix hexa must be reconstituted by adding the entire content of the vial containing the DTPa-HBV-IPV suspension to the vial containing the Hib powder. To do so, draw up the suspension with a syringe and add the suspension to the powder. The mixture should be well shaken until the powder is completely dissolved in the suspension.
The reconstituted vaccine presents as a slightly more cloudy suspension than the liquid component alone. This is normal and does not impair the performance of the vaccine.
The reconstituted vaccine should be inspected visually for any foreign particulate matter and/or abnormal physical appearance. In the event of either being observed, discard the vaccine.
A new needle should be used to administer the vaccine.
After reconstitution, the vaccine should be used immediately.
Withdraw the entire content of the vial.
Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.
Incompatibilities: Infanrix hexa should not be mixed with other vaccines in the same syringe.
Storage
Infanrix hexa should be stored at +2°C to +8°C.
The DTPa-HBV-IPV suspension and the reconstituted vaccine must not be frozen. Discard if it has been frozen.
Protect from light.
During transport, recommended conditions of storage must be respected.
Stability data indicate that the vaccine components are stable at temperature up to 25°C for 72 hours. These data are intended to guide healthcare professionals in case of temporary temperature excursion only.
ATC Classification
J07CA09 - diphtheria-haemophilus influenzae B-pertussis-poliomyelitis-tetanus-hepatitis B ; Belongs to the class of combined bacterial and viral vaccines.
Presentation/Packing
Vaccine (inj) 0.5 mL (turbid white suspension in pre-filled syringe) x 1's + vial.
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