CNS: Lightheadedness, nervousness, apprehension, euphoria, confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, tinnitus, blurred vision, diplopia, nausea, vomiting, sensations of heat, cold or numbness, urinary retention, circumoral paraesthesia, hyperacusis, twitching, tremors, convulsions, unconsciousness, resp depression &/or arrest, agitation, numbness of tongue, difficulty in swallowing & slurred speech. CV: Bradycardia, hypotension. Haemodynamic: Maternal hypotension. Neurologic: Spinal block of varying magnitude (including total spinal block), hypotension secondary to spinal block, loss of bladder & bowel control & loss of perineal sensation & sexual function. Persistent motor, sensory &/or autonomic (sphincter control) deficit of some lower spinal segments w/ slow recovery (several mth) or incomplete recovery in rare instances when caudal/lumbar epidural block has been attempted. Backache & headache. Paresis, paraplegia, neuropathy, peripheral nerve injury & arachnoiditis. Inadvertent subarachnoid inj may lead to CNS depression, resp arrest & CV collapse. Allergic: Cutaneous lesions, urticaria, oedema or anaphylactoid reactions.