Medixon

Medixon

methylprednisolone

Manufacturer:

Bernofarm

Distributor:

Averroes Pharma
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Methylprednisolone sodium succinate.
Description
Each sterile powder for injection contains methylprednisolone sodium succinate equivalent to methylprednisolone 500 mg.
Sterile powder for Injection: Before reconstitution: A white or almost white amorf substances, odorless and hygroscopic.
After reconstitution: A clear and colorless solution has a characteristic odor of benzyl alcohol.
Solvent: A clear sterile solution.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Each solvent contains bacteriostatic solution with 0.9% of Benzyl Alcohol as preservative.
Action
Pharmacology: Actions: Methylprednisolone is a synthetic corticosteroid with mainly glucocorticoid activity and minimal mineralocorticoid properties. It decreases inflammation by suppression of migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and reversal of increased capillary permeability.
Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics: Methylprednisolone pharmacokinetics is linear, independent of route of administration. 
Distribution:
Methylprednisolone is widely distributed into the tissues, crosses the blood-brain barrier, and is secreted in breast milk. Its apparent volume of distribution is approximately 1.4 L/kg. The plasma protein binding of methylprednisolone in humans is approximately 77%.
Metabolism: Methylprednisolone is extensively bound to plasma proteins, mainly to globulin and less so to albumin. Only unbound corticosteroid has pharmacological effects or is metabolised. Metabolism occurs in the liver and to a lesser extent in the kidney. In humans, methylprednisolone is metabolized in the liver to inactive metabolites; the major ones are 20α-hydroxymethylprednisolone and 20β-hydroxymethylprednisolone.
Metabolism in the liver occurs primarily via the CYP3A4. Methylprednisolone, like many CYP3A4 substrates, may also be a substrate for the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport protein p-glycoprotein, influencing tissue distribution and interactions with other medicines.
Elimination: Metabolites are excreted in the urine.
The mean elimination half-life for total methylprednisolone is in the range of 1.8 to 5.2 hours. Total clearance is approximately 5 to 6 mL/min/kg. Mean elimination half-life ranges from 2.4 to 3.5 hours in normal healthy adults and appears to be independent of the route of administration.
Total body clearance following intravenous or intramuscular injection of methylprednisolone to healthy adult volunteers is approximately 15-16 l/hour. Peak methylprednisolone plasma levels of 33.67 mcg/100 ml were achieved in 2 hours after a single 40 mg i.m. injection to 22 adult male volunteers.
No dosing adjustments are necessary in renal failure. Methylprednisolone is haemodialysable.
Indications/Uses
Severe hypersensitivity reactions: Severe hypersensitivity or allergic reactions not responding to adequate treatment, including: Asthma bronchiale, contact and atopic dermatitis, serum sickness, allergic rhinitis, drug hypersensitivity reactions, post-transfusion urticaria, acute non-infectious laryngeal edema (adrenaline is drug of first choice). Severe acute and chronic inflammatory and allergic processes involving the eye, such as: herpes zoster ophthalmicus, iritis, iridocyclitis, choroiditis, diffuse posterior uveitis, optic neuritis, sympathetic ophthalmia, anterior segment inflammation, allergic conjunctivitis, allergic corneal marginal ulcers, keratitis. Severe dermatological reactions Pemphigus, severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-johson syndrome), erthroderma (exfoliative dermatitis), bullous dermatitis herpetiformis, severe form of seborrhea dermatitis, severe psoriasis, myosis fungoides.
Status asthmaticus: Suppression of graft rejection reactions Cerebral oedema Cerebral oedema due to primary and metastatic tumours, surgical and radiological treatment following cranial trauma.
Gastrointestinal diseases: To tide the patient over a critical period of the disease in: Ulcerative colitis, Chrohn's disease.
Fulminating systemic lupus erythermatosus: Shock unresponsive to conventional therapy of adrenocortical insufficiency. (Hydrocortisone is generally the drug of choice. When mineralocorticoid activity is undesirable, methylprednisolone may be preferred.)
Rheumatic disorders: For short-term adjuvant treatment in acute phase of the illness or in case of exacerbation in following conditions: Post-traumatic osteoarthritis, synovitis of osteoarthritis Rheumatic arthritis, including the juvenile form. In certain instances, low-dose maintenance therapy may be necessary, in which case it is advisable to transfer to oral or depot preparations as appropriate. Acute and subacute bursitis, epicondylitis, acute non-specific tenosynovitis, acute gouty arthritis, spondylitis ankylipoetica.
Tuberculosis meningitis: With appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Methylprednisolone powder for injection/infusion may be administered intravenously or intramuscularly, the preferred method for emergency use being intravenous injection given over a suitable time interval. When administering Methylprednisolone sodium succinate in high doses intravenously it should be given over a period of at least 30 minutes. Doses up to 250 mg should be given intravenously over a period of at least five minutes.
For intravenous infusion the initially prepared solution may be diluted with 5% dextrose in water, isotonic saline solution, or 5% dextrose in isotonic saline solution. To avoid compatibility problems with other drugs Methylprednisolone powder for injection/infusion should be administered separately, only in the solutions mentioned.
Undesirable effects may be minimised by using the lowest effective dose for the minimum period.
Parenteral drug products should wherever possible be visually inspected for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration.
Adults: Dosage should be varied according to the severity of the condition, initial dosage will vary from 10 to 500 mg. In the treatment of graft rejection reactions following transplantation, a dose of up to 1 gram/day may be required. Although doses and protocols have varied in studies using methylprednisolone sodium succinate in the treatment of graft rejection reactions, the published literature supports the use of doses of this level, with 500 mg to 1 g most commonly used for acute rejection.
Treatment at these doses should be limited to a 48-2 hour period until the patient's condition has stabilised, as prolonged high dose corticosteroid therapy can cause serious corticosteroid induced side effects.
Children: In the treatment of high dose indications, such as haematological, rheumatic, renal and dermatological conditions, a dosage of 30 mg/kg/day to a maximum of 1 g/day is recommended.
This dosage may be repeated for three pulses either daily or on alternate days. In the treatment of graft rejection reactions following transplantation, a dosage of 10 to 20 mg/kg/day for up to 3 days, to a maximum of 1 g/day, is recommended. In the treatment of status asthmaticus, a dosage of 1 to 4 mg/kg/day for 1-3 days is recommended.
Elderly patients: Methylprednisolone sodium succinate powder for injection/infusion is primarily used in acute short term conditions. There is no information to suggest that a change in dosage is warranted in the elderly. However, treatment of elderly patients should be planned bearing in mind the more serious consequences of the common side-effects of corticosteroids in old age and close clinical supervision is required (see Precautions).
Detailed recommendations for adult dosage are as follows: In anaphylactic reactions adrenaline or noradrenaline should be administered first for an immediate haemodynamic effect, followed by intravenous injection of methylprednisolone sodium succinate with other accepted procedures. There is evidence that corticosteroids through their prolonged haemodynamic effect are of value in preventing recurrent attacks of acute anaphylactic reactions.
In sensitivity reactions, Methylprednisolone sodium succinate is capable of providing relief within one half to two hours. In patients with status asthmaticus Methylprednisolone sodium succinate may be given at a dose of 40 mg intravenously, repeated as dictated by patient response. In some asthmatic patients it may be advantageous to administer by slow intravenous drip over a period of hours.
In graft rejection reactions following transplantation doses of up to 1 g per day have been used to suppress rejection crises, with doses of 500 mg to 1 g most commonly used for acute rejection. Treatment should be continued only until the patient's condition has stabilised usually not beyond 48-72 hours.
In cerebral oedema corticosteroids are used to reduce or prevent the cerebral oedema associated with brain tumours (primary or metastatic).
In patients with oedema due to tumour, tapering the dose of corticosteroid appears to be important in order to avoid a rebound increase in intracranial pressure. If brain swelling does occur as the dose is reduced (intracranial bleeding having been ruled out), restart larger and more frequent doses parenterally. Patients with certain malignancies may need to remain on oral corticosteroid therapy for months or even life. Similar or higher doses may be helpful to control oedema during radiation therapy.
The following are suggested dosage schedules for oedemas due to brain tumour: (See Table 1.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Aim to discontinue therapy after a total of 10 days.
In the treatment of acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis in adults, the recommended dose is 1000 mg daily for 3 days.
Methylprednisolone powder for injection/infusion should be given as an intravenous infusion over at least 30 minutes.
In other indications, initial dosage will vary from 10 to 500 mg depending on the clinical problem being treated. Larger doses may be required for short term management of severe, acute conditions. The initial dose, up to 250 mg, should be given intravenously over a period of at least 5 minutes, doses exceeding 250 mg should be given intravenously over a period of at least 30 minutes.
Subsequent doses may be given intravenously or intramuscularly at intervals dictated by the patient's response and clinical condition. Corticosteroid therapy is an adjunct to, and not replacement for, conventional therapy.
Overdosage
There is no clinical syndrome of acute overdosage with Methylprednisolone powder for injection/infusion.
Methylprednisolone is dialyzable. Following chronic overdosage the possibility of adrenal suppression should be guarded against by gradual diminution of dose levels over a period of time. In such event the patient may require to be supported during any further stressful eposide.
Contraindications
Medixon is contraindicated: In patients who have systemic fungal infections unless specific anti-infective therapy is employed and in cerebral oedema in malaria; in patients with known hypersensitivity to methylprednisolone or any component of the formulation; for use by the intrathecal route of administration.
Administration of live or live, attenuated vaccines is contraindicated in patients receiving immunosuppressive doses of corticosteroids.
Special Precautions
Immunosuppressant Effects/Increased Susceptibility to Infections: Corticosteroids may increase susceptibility to infection, may mask some signs of infection, and new infections may appear during their use. Suppression of the inflammatory response and immune function increases the susceptibility to fungal, viral and bacterial infections and their severity. The clinical presentation may often be atypical and may reach an advanced stage before being recognised.
Persons who are on drugs which suppress the immune system are more susceptible to infections than healthy individuals. Chicken pox and measles, for example, can have a more serious or even fatal course in non-immune children or adults on corticosteroids.
Chickenpox is of serious concern since this normally minor illness may be fatal in immunosuppressed patients. Patients (or parents of children) without a definite history of chickenpox should be advised to avoid close personal contact with chickenpox or herpes zoster and if exposed they should seek urgent medical attention. Passive immunization with varicella/zoster immunoglobin (VZIG) is needed by exposed non-immune patients who are receiving systemic corticosteroids or who have used them within the previous 3 months; this should be given within 10 days of exposure to chickenpox. If a diagnosis of chickenpox is confirmed, the illness warrants specialist care and urgent treatment. Corticosteroids should not be stopped and the dose may need to be increased.
Exposure to measles should be avoided. Medical advice should be sought immediately if exposure occurs.
Prophylaxis with normal intramuscular immunoglobulin may be needed.
Similarly, corticosteroids should be used with great care in patients with known or suspected parasitic infections such as Strongyloides (threadworm) infestation, which may lead to Strongyloides hyperinfection and dissemination with widespread larval migration, often accompanied by severe enterocolitis and potentially fatal gram-negative septicemia.
Although Medixon is not approved in the UK for use in any shock indication, the following warning statement should be adhered to. Data from a clinical study conducted to establish the efficacy of Medixon in septic shock, suggest that a higher mortality occurred in subsets of patients who entered the study with elevated serum creatinine levels or who developed a secondary infection after therapy began. Therefore this product should not be used in the treatment of septic syndrome or septic shock.
The role of corticosteroids in septic shock has been controversial, with early studies reporting both beneficial and detrimental effects. More recently, supplemental corticosteroids have been suggested to be beneficial in patients with established septic shock who exhibit adrenal insufficiency. However, their routine use in septic shock is not recommended. A systematic review of short-course, high-dose corticosteroids did not support their use. However, meta-analyses, and a review suggest that longer courses (5-11 days) of low-dose corticosteroids might reduce mortality.
Live vaccines should not be given to individuals with impaired immune responsiveness. The antibody response to other vaccines may be diminished.
The use of corticosteroids in active tuberculosis should be restricted to those cases of fulminating or disseminated tuberculosis in which the corticosteroid is used for the management of the disease in conjunction with an appropriate anti-tuberculous regimen.
If corticosteroids are indicated in patients with latent tuberculosis or tuberculin reactivity, close observation is necessary as reactivation of the disease may occur. During prolonged corticosteroid therapy, these patients should receive chemoprophylaxis.
Kaposi's sarcoma has been reported to occur in patients receiving corticosteroid therapy. Discontinuation of corticosteroids may result in clinical remission.
Blood and Lymphatic System: Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents should be used cautiously in conjunction with corticosteroids.
Immune System Effects: Allergic reactions may occur. Rarely skin reactions and anaphylactic/anaphylactoid reactions have been reported following parenteral Medixon therapy. Physicians using the drug should be prepared to deal with such a possibility. Appropriate precautionary measures should be taken prior to administration, especially when the patient has a history of drug allergy.
Endocrine Effects: Pharmacologic doses of corticosteroids administered for prolonged periods may result in hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) suppression (secondary adrenocortical insufficiency). The degree and duration of adrenocortical insufficiency produced is variable among patients and depends on the dose, frequency, time of administration, and duration of glucocorticoid therapy. This effect may be minimized by use of alternate-day therapy.
In addition, acute adrenal insufficiency leading to a fatal outcome may occur if glucocorticoids are withdrawn abruptly.
In patients who have received more than physiological doses of systemic corticosteroids (approximately 6 mg methylprednisolone) for greater than 3 weeks, withdrawal should not be abrupt.
Drug-induced secondary adrenocortical insufficiency may therefore be minimized by gradual reduction of dosage.
How dose reduction should be carried out depends largely on whether the disease is likely to relapse as the dose of systemic corticosteroids is reduced. Clinical assessment of disease activity may be needed during withdrawal. If the disease is unlikely to relapse on withdrawal of systemic corticosteroids, but there is uncertainty about HPA suppression, the dose of systemic corticosteroid may be reduced rapidly to physiological doses. Once a daily dose of 6 mg methylprednisolone is reached, dose reduction should be slower to allow the HPA-axis to recover.
Abrupt withdrawal of systemic corticosteroid treatment, which has continued up to 3 weeks is appropriate if it considered that the disease is unlikely to relapse. Abrupt withdrawal of doses up to 32 mg daily of methylprednisolone for 3 weeks is unlikely to lead to clinically relevant HPA-axis suppression, in the majority of patients. In the following patient groups, gradual withdrawal of systemic corticosteroid therapy should be considered even after courses lasting 3 weeks or less: Patients who have had repeated courses of systemic corticosteroids, particularly if taken for greater than 3 weeks; When a short course has been prescribed within one year of cessation of long-term therapy (months or years); Patients who may have reasons for adrenocortical insufficiency other than exogenous corticosteroid therapy; Patients receiving doses of systemic corticosteroid greater than 32 mg daily of methylprednisolone; Patients repeatedly taking doses in the evening.
Patients should carry 'Steroid Treatment' cards which give clear guidance on the precautions to be taken to minimize risk and which provide details of prescriber, drug, dosage and the duration of treatment.
This type of relative insufficiency may persist for months after discontinuation of therapy; therefore, in any situation of stress occurring during that period, hormone therapy should be reinstituted. Since mineralocorticoid secretion may be impaired, salt and/or a mineralocorticoid should be administered concurrently.
In patients on corticosteroid therapy subjected to unusual stress, increased dosage of rapidly acting corticosteroids before, during and after the stressful situation is indicated.
A steroid "withdrawal syndrome", seemingly unrelated to adrenocortical insufficiency, may also occur following abrupt discontinuance of glucocorticoids. This syndrome includes symptoms such as: anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, headache, fever, joint pain, desquamation, myalgia, weight loss, and/or hypotension. These effects are thought to be due to the sudden change in glucocorticoid concentration rather than to low corticosteroid levels.
Because glucocorticoids can produce or aggravate Cushing's syndrome, glucocorticoids should be avoided in patients with Cushing's disease.
There is an enhanced effect of corticosteroids on patients with hypothyroidism. Frequent patient monitoring is necessary in patients with hypothyroidism.
Metabolism and Nutrition: Frequent patient monitoring is necessary in patients with diabetes mellitus (or a family history of diabetes).
Corticosteroids, including methylprednisolone, can increase blood glucose, worsen pre-existing diabetes, and predispose those on long-term corticosteroid therapy to diabetes mellitus.
Psychiatric Effects: Patients and/or carers should be warned that potentially severe psychiatric adverse reactions may occur with systemic steroids. Symptoms typically emerge within a few days or weeks of starting treatment.
Risks may be higher with high doses/systemic exposure, although dose levels do not allow prediction of the onset, type, severity or duration of reactions. Most reactions recover after either dose reduction or withdrawal, although specific treatment may be necessary. Patients/carers should be encouraged to seek medical advice if worrying psychological symptoms develop, especially if depressed mood or suicidal ideation is suspected.
Patients/carers should be alert to possible psychiatric disturbances that may occur either during or immediately after dose tapering/withdrawal of systemic steroids, although such reactions have been reported infrequently.
Particular care is required when considering the use of systemic corticosteroids in patients with existing or previous history of severe affective disorders in themselves or in their first degree relatives. These would include depressive or manic-depressive illness and previous steroid psychosis.
Frequent patient monitoring is necessary in patients with existing or previous history of severe affective disorders (especially previous steroid psychosis).
Nervous System Effects: Corticosteroids should be used with caution in patients with seizure disorders. Frequent patient monitoring is necessary in patients with epilepsy.
Corticosteroids should be used with caution in patients with myasthenia gravis. (Also see myopathy statement in Musculoskeletal Effects section as follows.) Frequent patient monitoring is necessary in patients with myasthenia gravis.
Ocular Effects: Frequent patient monitoring is necessary in patients with glaucoma (or a family history of glaucoma) and in patients with ocular herpes simplex, for fear of corneal perforation.
Prolonged use of corticosteroids may produce posterior subcapsular cataracts and nuclear cataracts (particularly in children), exophthalmos, or increased intraocular pressure, which may result in glaucoma with possible damage to the optic nerves. Establishment of secondary fungal and viral infections of the eye may also be enhanced in patients receiving glucocorticoids.
Cardiac Effects: Adverse effects of glucocorticoids on the cardiovascular system, such as dyslipidemia and hypertension, may predispose treated patients with existing cardiovascular risk factors to additional cardiovascular effects, if high doses and prolonged courses are used. Accordingly, corticosteroids should be employed judiciously in such patients and attention should be paid to risk modification and additional cardiac monitoring if needed. Low dose and alternate day therapy may reduce the incidence of complications in corticosteroid therapy.
There have been a few reports of cardiac arrhythmias and/or circulatory collapse and/or cardiac arrest associated with the rapid intravenous administration of large doses of Medixon (greater than 500 mg administered over a period of less than 10 minutes). Bradycardia has been reported during or after the administration of large doses of methylprednisolone sodium succinate, and may be unrelated to the speed and duration of infusion.
Systemic corticosteroids should be used with caution, and only if strictly necessary, in cases of congestive heart failure.
Care should be taken for patients receiving cardioactive drugs such as digoxin because of steroid induced electrolyte disturbance/potassium loss.
Frequent patient monitoring is necessary in patients with congestive heart failure or recent myocardial infarction (myocardial rupture has been reported).
Vascular Effects: Steroids should be used with caution in patients with hypertension. Frequent patient monitoring is necessary.
Gastrointestinal Effects: There is no universal agreement on whether corticosteroids per se are responsible for peptic ulcers encountered during therapy; however, glucocorticoid therapy may mask the symptoms of peptic ulcer so that perforation or haemorrhage may occur without significant pain.
Particular care is required when considering the use of systemic corticosteroids in patients with the following conditions and frequent patient monitoring is necessary: Ulcerative colitis, Perforation, Abscess or other pyogenic infections, Diverticulitis, Fresh intestinal anastomoses, Peptic ulceration.
Hepatobiliary Effects: High doses of corticosteroids may produce acute pancreatitis.
Musculoskeletal Effects: Particular care is required when considering the use of systemic corticosteroids in patients with myasthenia gravis or osteoporosis (post-menopausal females are particularly at risk) and frequent patient monitoring is necessary.
Osteoporosis is a common but infrequently recognized adverse effect associated with a long-term use of large doses of glucocorticoid.
Renal and urinary disorders: Particular care is required when considering the use of systemic corticosteroids in patients with renal insufficiency and frequent patient monitoring is necessary.
Investigations: Average and large doses of hydrocortisone or cortisone can cause elevation of blood pressure, salt and water retention, and increased excretion of potassium. These effects are less likely to occur with the synthetic derivatives except when used in large doses. Dietary salt restriction and potassium supplementation may be necessary. All corticosteroids increase calcium excretion.
Injury, poisoning and procedural complications: Corticosteroids should not be used for the management of head injury or stroke because it is unlikely to be of benefit and may even be harmful.
Other Adverse Events: Since complications of treatment with glucocorticoids are dependent on the size of the dose and the duration of treatment, a risk/benefit decision must be made in each individual case as to dose and duration of treatment as to whether daily or intermittent therapy should be used.
The lowest possible dose of corticosteroid should be used to control the condition under treatment and when reduction in dosage is possible, the reduction should be gradual.
Use in children: Growth and development of infants and children on prolonged corticosteroid therapy should be carefully observed. Growth may be suppressed in children receiving long-term, daily, divided-dose glucocorticoid therapy and use of such regimen should be restricted to the most urgent indications. Alternate-day glucocorticoid therapy usually avoids or minimizes this side effect.
Infants and children on prolonged corticosteroid therapy are at special risk from raised intracranial pressure.
High doses of corticosteroids may produce pancreatitis in children.
As this preparation contains benzyl alcohol, its use should be avoided in children under two years of age. Not to be used in neonates.
Use in the elderly: The common adverse effects of systemic corticosteroids may be associated with more serious consequences in old age, especially osteoporosis, hypertension, hypokalaemia, diabetes, susceptibility to infection and thinning of the skin. Caution is recommended with prolonged corticosteroid treatment in the elderly due to a potential increase risk for osteoporosis, as well as increased risk for fluid retention with possible resultant hypertension. Close clinical supervision is required to avoid life-threatening reactions.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Fertility: There is no evidence that corticosteroids impair fertility. In women treatment with corticosteroids can lead to menstrual irregularities.
Use in Pregnancy:
The ability of corticosteroids to cross the placenta varies between individual drugs, however, methylprednisolone does cross the placenta.
Administration of corticosteroids to pregnant animals can cause abnormalities of foetal development including cleft palate, intra-uterine growth retardation and affects on brain growth and development. There is no evidence that corticosteroids result in an increased incidence of congenital abnormalities, such as cleft palate in man, however, when administered for long periods or repeatedly during pregnancy, corticosteroids may increase the risk of intrauterine growth retardation. Hypoadrenalism may, in theory, occur in the neonate following prenatal exposure to corticosteroids but usually resolves spontaneously following birth and is rarely clinically important. As with all drugs, corticosteroids should only be prescribed when the benefits to the mother and child outweigh the risks. When corticosteroids are essential, however, patients with normal pregnancies may be treated as though they were in the non-gravid state.
Cataracts have been observed in infants born to mothers undergoing long-term treatment with corticosteroids during pregnancy.
Use in Lactation: Corticosteroids are excreted in small amounts in breast milk, however, doses of up to 40 mg daily of methylprednisolone are unlikely to cause systemic effects in the infant. Infants of mothers taking higher doses than this may have a degree of adrenal suppression, but the benefits of breastfeeding are likely to outweigh any theoretical risk.
Adverse Reactions
Under normal circumstances Medixon therapy would be considered as short-term. However, the possibility of side-effects attributable to corticosteroid therapy should be recognised, particularly when high-dose therapy is being used. Such side-effects include: (See Table 2.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image
Drug Interactions
Methylprednisolone is a cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP) substrate and is mainly metabolized by the CYP3A4 enzyme. CYP3A4 is the dominant enzyme of the most abundant CYP subfamily in the liver of adult humans. It catalyzes 6β-hydroxylation of steroids, the essential Phase I metabolic step for both endogenous and synthetic corticosteroids. Many other compounds are also substrates of CYP3A4, some of which (as well as other drugs) have been shown to alter glucocorticoid metabolism by induction (up regulation) or inhibition of the CYP3A4 enzyme.
CYP3A4 Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit CYP3A4 activity generally decrease hepatic clearance and increase the plasma concentration of CYP3A4 substrate medications, such as methylprednisolone. In the presence of a CYP3A4 inhibitor, the dose of methylprednisolone may need to be titrated to avoid steroid toxicity.
CYP3A4 Inducers: Drugs that induce CYP3A4 activity generally increase hepatic clearance, resulting in decreased plasma concentration of medications that are substrates for CYP3A4. Coadministration may require an increase in methylprednisolone dosage to achieve the desired result.
CYP3A4 Substrates: In the presence of another CYP3A4 substrate, the hepatic clearance of methylprednisolone may be inhibited or induced, with corresponding dosage adjustments required. It is possible that adverse events associated with the use of either drug alone may be more likely to occur with coadministration.
Non-CYP3A4-Mediated Effects: Other interactions and effects that occur with methylprednisolone are described in Table 3.
Table 3 provides a list and descriptions of the most common and/or clinically important drug interactions or effects with methylprednisolone. (See Table 3.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Corticosteroids antagonize the hypotensive effect of all antihypertensives.
There is an increased risk of hypokalaemia when corticosteroids are given with cardiac glycosides.
The effects of corticosteroids may be reduced for 3-4 days after mifepristone.
Caution For Usage
Incompabilities: Incompatible Fluids: No information.
Incompatible Drugs: Aminophylline1, benzylpenicillin1, calcium gluconate1, ciprofloxacin12, cisatracurium1, dolasetron3, filgrastim12, glycopyrrolate1, insulin soluble1, metaraminol12, ondansetron12, pantoprazole1, potassium chloride1, propofol1, rocuronium3, tigecyclin3.
Storage
Sterile Powder for Injection: Before and After Reconstitution: Protect from light and store below 30°C.
Solvent: Protect from light and store below 30°C.
Shelf-Life: Sterile Powder for Injection: The injections can be used within 24 months from the date of manufacturer if kept as recommended. Should be use immediately after prepared. For single use only. Discard any unused portion.
Solvent: The solvent can be used within 36 months from the date of manufacturer if kept as recommended.
ATC Classification
H02AB04 - methylprednisolone ; Belongs to the class of glucocorticoids. Used in systemic corticosteroid preparations.
Presentation/Packing
Powd for inj 500 mg (white or almost white, odourless, hygroscopic) x 1's.
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