Micardis Plus

Micardis Plus Drug Interactions

telmisartan + hydrochlorothiazide


Boehringer Ingelheim


Full Prescribing Info
Drug Interactions
Reversible increases in serum lithium concentrations and toxicity have been reported during concomitant administration of lithium with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. Cases have also been reported with angiotensin II receptor antagonists, including telmisartan. Furthermore, renal clearance of lithium is reduced by thiazides so the risk of lithium toxicity could be increased with MICARDIS PLUS. Lithium and MICARDIS PLUS should only be co-administered under medical supervision and serum lithium level monitoring is advisable during concomitant use.
The potassium-depleting effect of hydrochlorothiazide is attenuated by the potassium-sparing effect of telmisartan. However, this effect of hydrochlorothiazide on serum potassium would be expected to be potentiated by other drugs associated with potassium loss and hypokalaemia (e.g. other kaliuretic diuretics, laxatives, corticosteroids, ACTH, amphotericin, carbenoxolone, penicillin G sodium, salicylic acid and derivatives).
If these drugs are to be prescribed with MICARDIS PLUS, monitoring of potassium plasma levels is advised.
Conversely, based on the experience with the use of other drugs that blunt the renin-angiotensin system, concomitant use of potassium-sparing diuretics, potassium supplements, salt substitutes containing potassium or other drugs that may increase serum potassium levels (e.g. heparin sodium) may lead to increases in serum potassium.
If these drugs are to be prescribed with MICARDIS PLUS, monitoring of potassium plasma levels is advised.
Periodic monitoring of serum potassium is recommended when MICARDIS PLUS is administered with drugs affected by serum potassium disturbances, e.g. digitalis glycosides, anti-arrhythmic agents and drugs known to induce torsades de pointes.
Treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including ASA at anti-inflammatory dosage regimens, COX-2 inhibitors and non-selective NSAIDs is associated with the potential for acute renal insufficiency in patients who are dehydrated. Compounds acting on the Renin-Angiotensin-System like telmisartan may have synergistic effects. Patients receiving NSAIDs and MICARDIS PLUS should be adequately hydrated and be monitored for renal function at the beginning of combined treatment.
The co-administration of NSAIDs may reduce the diuretic, natriuretic and antihypertensive effects of thiazide diuretics in some patients.
Telmisartan may increase the hypotensive effect of other antihypertensive agents.
Co-administration of telmisartan did not result in a clinically significant interaction with digoxin, warfarin, hydrochlorothiazide, glibenclamide, ibuprofen, paracetamol, simvastatin and amlodipine. For digoxin a 20 % increase in median plasma digoxin trough concentration has been observed (39 % in a single case), monitoring of plasma digoxin levels should be considered.
In one study the co-administration of telmisartan and ramipril led to an increase of up to 2.5 fold in the AUC0-24 and Cmax of ramipril and ramiprilat. The clinical relevance of this observation is not known.
When administered concurrently, the following drugs may interact with thiazide diuretics: Alcohol, barbiturates, or narcotics: potentiation of orthostatic hypotension may occur;
Antidiabetic drugs (oral agents and insulins): dosage adjustment of the antidiabetic drug may be required;
Metformin: there is a risk of lactic acidosis when co-administered with hydrochlorothiazide;
Cholestyramine and colestipol resins: absorption of hydrochlorothiazide is impaired in the presence of anionic exchange resins;
Digitalis glycosides: thiazide-induced hypokalaemia or hypomagnesaemia favour the onset of digitalis-induced cardiac arrhythmias;
Pressor amines (e.g. noradrenaline): the effect of pressor amines may be decreased;
Nondepolarizing skeletal muscle relaxants (e.g. tubocurarine): the effect of nondepolarizing skeletal muscle relaxants may be potentiated by hydrochlorothiazide;
Treatment for gout: dosage adjustment of uricosuric medications may be necessary as hydrochlorothiazide may raise the level of serum uric acid. Co-administration of thiazide may increase the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions of allopurinol;
Calcium salts: thiazide diuretics may increase serum calcium levels due to the decreased excretion. If calcium supplements must be prescribed, serum calcium levels should be monitored and calcium dosage adjusted accordingly;
Other interactions: the hyperglycaemic effect of beta-blockers and diazoxide may be enhanced by thiazides. Anticholinergic agents (e.g. atropine, biperiden) may increase the bioavailability of thiazide-type diuretics by decreasing gastro-intestinal motility and stomach emptying rate.
Thiazides may increase the risk of adverse effects caused by amantadine. Thiazides may reduce the renal excretion of cytotoxic drugs (e.g. cyclophosphamide, methotrexate) and potentiate their myelosuppressive effects.
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