Each NeoMercazole 5 tablet contains carbimazole Ph. Eur. 5 mg.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Lactose, Maize Starch, Gelatin, Magnesium Stearate, Sucrose, Acacia, Talc, Red Iron Oxide (EI72).
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Carbimazole is a thyroid reducing agent.
Pharmacokinetics: Carbimazole is rapidly metabolised to methimazole. The mean peak plasma concentration of methimazole is reported to occur one hour after a single dose of carbimazole. The apparent plasma half-life of methimazole is reported as 6.4 hours.
NeoMercazole is an anti-thyroid agent. It is indicated in all conditions where reduction of thyroid function is required: Hyperthyroidism.
Preparation for thyroidectomy in hyperthyroidism.
Therapy prior to and post radio-iodine treatment.
For oral administration only.
NeoMercazole should only be administered if hyperthyroidism has been confirmed by laboratory tests.
Adults: The initial dose is in the range 20-60 mg, and should be titrated against thyroid function until the patient is euthyroid in order to reduce the risk of over-treatment and resultant hypothyroidism. Subsequent therapy may then be administered in one of two ways.
Maintenance regimen: Final dosage is usually in the range 5-15 mg per day, which may be taken as a single daily dose. Therapy should be continued for at least six, and up to eighteen months. Serial thyroid function monitoring is recommended, together with appropriate dosage modification in order to maintain a euthyroid state.
Blocking-replacement regimen: Dosage is maintained at the initial level, i.e. 20-60 mg per day, and supplemental l-thyroxine, 50-150 mcg per day, is administered concomitantly, in order to prevent hypothyroidism. Therapy should be continued for at least six months, and up to eighteen months.
Elderly: No special dosage regimen is required, but care should be taken to observe the contraindications and warnings as it has been reported that the risk of a fatal outcome to neutrophil dyscrasia may be greater in the elderly (aged 65 or over).
Children: The usual initial daily dose is 15 mg per day.
No symptoms are likely from a single large dose, and so no specific treatment is indicated.
NeoMercazole is contraindicated in patients with a previous history of adverse reactions to carbimazole or to any of the excipients in the composition. Serious, pre-existing haematological conditions, severe hepatic insufficiency.
As fatal cases of agranulocytosis with carbimazole have been reported and early treatment of agranulocytosis is essential, it is important that patients should always be warned about the onset of sore throats, bruising or bleeding, mouth ulcers, fever, malaise and should be instructed to stop the drug and to seek medical advice immediately. In such patients, blood cell counts should be performed immediately, particularly where there is any clinical evidence of infection. Following the onset of any signs and symptoms of hepatic disorder (pain in the upper abdomen, anorexia, general pruritus) in patients, the drug should be stopped and liver function tests performed immediately.
Early withdrawal of the drug will increase the chance of complete recovery.
NeoMercazole should be used with caution in patients with mild-moderate hepatic insufficiency. If abnormal liver function is discovered, the treatment should be stopped. The half-life may be prolonged due to the liver disorder.
NeoMercazole should be stopped temporarily at the time of administration of radioiodine.
Patients unable to comply with the instructions for use or who cannot be monitored regularly should not be treated with NeoMercazole.
Regular full blood count checks should be carried out in patients who may be confused or have a poor memory.
Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.
Precaution should be taken in patients with intrathoracic goitre, which may worsen during initial treatment with NeoMercazole. Tracheal obstruction may occur due to intrathoracic goitre.
The use of carbimazole in non-pregnant women of childbearing potential should be based on individual risk/benefit assessment (see Use in Pregnancy & Lactation).
There is a risk of cross-allergy between carbimazole, thiamazole and propylthiouracil.
Carbimazole may cause white cell disoders such as neutropenia and agranulocytosis, which may be fatal if treatment with carbimazole is not stopped promptly. These reactions usually occur during the first 3 months of therapy, and in most cases, are reversible on stopping treatment. Since agranulocytosis can develop very rapidly, periodic leucocyte counts alone may not be effective in the early detection of these reactions.
During treatment with Carbimazole: The patient should be asked to immediately report signs and symptoms suggestive of infection eg sore throat, fever and mouth ulcer.
A white cell counts should be performed if there is any clinical evidence of infection.
The drug should be stopped promptly if there is clinical or laboratory evidence of neutropenia.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: The effect on the ability to drive and use machines is not known.
Carbimazole crosses the placenta but, provided the patient's dose is within the standard range, and the patient's thyroid status is monitored, there is no evidence of neonatal thyroid abnormalities. Studies have shown that the incidence of congenital malformations is greater in the children of patients whose hyperthyroidism has remained untreated than in those to whom treatment with carbimazole has been given. However, very rare cases of congenital malformations have been observed following the use of carbimazole or its active metabolite methimazole during pregnancy. A causal relationship of these malformations, especially choanal atresia and aplasia cutis congenita, to transplacental exposure to carbimazole and methimazole cannot be excluded. Therefore, the use of carbimazole in non-pregnant women of childbearing potential should be based on individual risk/benefit assessment (see Precautions). Cases of renal, skull, cardiovascular congenital defects, exomphalos, gastrointestinal malformation, umbilical malformation and duodenal atresia have also been reported. Therefore, carbimazole should be used in pregnancy only when propylthiouracil is not suitable. If NeoMercazole is used in pregnancy the dose of NeoMercazole must be regulated by the patient's clinical condition. The lowest dose possible should be used, and this can often be discontinued three to four weeks before term, in order to reduce the risk of neonatal complications. The blocking-replacement regimen should not be used during pregnancy since very little thyroxine crosses the placenta in the last trimester.
NeoMercazole is secreted in breast milk and, if treatment is continued during lactation, the patient should not continue to breast-feed the baby.
Adverse reactions usually occur in the first eight weeks of treatment. The most frequently occurring reactions are nausea, headache, arthralgia, mild gastric distress, skin rashes and pruritus. These reactions are usually self-limiting and may not require withdrawal of the drug.
Blood and lymphatic system disorders:
Bone marrow depression including neutropenia, eosinophilia, leukopenia, agranulocytosis has been reported. Fatalities with carbimazole-induced agranulocytosis have been reported. Rare cases of pancytopenia/aplastic anaemia and isolated thrombocytopenia have also been reported. Additionally, very rare cases of haemolytic anaemia have been reported.
Patients should always be warned about the onset of sore throats, bruising or bleeding, mouth ulcers, fever, malaise and should be instructed to stop the drug and to seek medical advice immediately. In such patients, blood cell counts should be performed immediately, particularly where there is any clinical evidence of infection.
Nervous system disorders:
Gastro-intestinal system disorders:
Nausea, mild gastric distress. Loss of sense of taste has been observed.
General disorders and administration site conditions:
Hepato-biliary system disorders:
Hepatic disorders, including abnormal liver function tests, hepatitis, cholestatic hepatitis, cholestatic jaundice and most commonly jaundice, have been reported: in these cases carbimazole should be withdrawn.
Injury, poisoning and procedural complications:
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders:
Skin rashes, pruritus, urticaria. Hair loss has been occasionally reported.
Musculoskeletal system disorders:
Isolated cases of myopathy have been reported. Patients experiencing myalgia after the intake of NeoMercazole should have their creatine phosphokinase levels monitored.
Hypersensitivity and allergic reaction:
Angioedema and multi-system hypersensitivity reactions such as cutaneous vasculitis, liver, lung and renal effects occur.
Little is known about interactions.
Particular care is required in case of concurrent administration of medication capable of inducing agranulocytosis. Since carbimazole is a vitamin K antagonist, the effect of anticoagulants could be intensified.
The serum levels of theophylline can increase and toxicity may develop if hyperthyroidic patients are treated with antithyroid medications without reducing the theophylline dosage.
Incompatibilities: None known.
Do not store above 25°C.
Shelf-Life: 3 years.
H03BB01 - carbimazole ; Belongs to the class of sulfur-containing imidazole derivative agents. Used in the management of thyroid diseases.
Tab 5 mg (pink, circular biconvex, imprinted with Neo 5 on the obverse plain on the reverse) x 100's.