NovoMix 30

NovoMix 30

insulin aspart + insulin aspart protamine

Manufacturer:

Novo Nordisk

Distributor:

Zuellig Pharma
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Insulin aspart 30% and protamine-crystallised insulin aspart 70%, rDNA.
Description
1 ml of the suspension contains 100 U of soluble insulin aspart*/protamine-crystallised insulin aspart* in the ratio 30/70 (equivalent to 3.5 mg).
1 pre-filled pen contains 3 ml equivalent to 300 U.
*Insulin aspart produced by recombinant DNA technology in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Glycerol, phenol, metacresol, zinc chloride, disodium phosphate dihydrate, sodium chloride, protamine sulfate, hydrochloric acid/sodium hydroxide (for pH adjustment) and water for injections.
Action
Pharmacotherapeutic Group: Drugs used in diabetes. Insulins and analogues for injection, intermediate- or long-acting combined with fast-acting. ATC Code: A10AD05.
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: NovoMix 30 is a biphasic suspension of soluble insulin aspart (rapid-acting insulin analogue) and insulin aspart crystallised with protamine (intermediate-acting insulin analogue). The suspension contains rapid-acting and intermediate-acting insulin aspart in the ratio 30/70. Insulin aspart is equipotent to human insulin on a molar basis.
Mechanism of action: The blood glucose lowering effect of insulin aspart is due to the facilitated uptake of glucose following binding of insulin to receptors on muscle and fat cells and to the simultaneous inhibition of glucose output from the liver.
When NovoMix 30 is injected subcutaneously, the onset of action will occur within 10 to 20 minutes of injection. The maximum effect is exerted between 1 and 4 hours after injection. The duration of action is up to 24 hours.
In a 3-month trial comparing NovoMix 30 with biphasic human insulin 30 administration before breakfast and dinner in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, NovoMix 30 resulted in significantly lower postprandial blood glucose after both meals (breakfast and dinner).
A meta-analysis including nine trials in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes showed that compared to biphasic human insulin 30, administration of NovoMix 30 before breakfast and dinner resulted in significantly better postprandial blood glucose control (average prandial glucose increments over breakfast, lunch and dinner). While fasting blood glucose was higher in patients treated with NovoMix 30, the overall glycaemic control measured by glycosylated haemoglobin was similar.
In one study, 341 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomised to treatment with NovoMix 30 either alone or in combination with metformin, or to metformin together with sulfonylurea. HbA1c after 16 weeks of treatment did not differ between patients with NovoMix 30 combined with metformin and patients with metformin plus sulfonylurea. In this trial, 57% of the patients had baseline HbA1c above 9%; in these patients treatment with NovoMix 30 in combination with metformin resulted in significantly lower HbA1c than metformin in combination with sulfonylurea.
In one study, patients with type 2 diabetes, insufficiently controlled on oral hypoglycaemic agents alone, were randomised to treatment with twice daily NovoMix 30 (117 patients) or once daily insulin glargine (116 patients). After 28 weeks treatment following the dosing guideline, the mean reduction in HbA1c was 2.8% with NovoMix 30 (mean at baseline = 9.7%). With NovoMix 30, 66% and 42% of the patients reached HbA1c levels below 7% and 6.5%, respectively, and mean FPG was reduced by about 7 mmol/l (from 14.0 mmol/l at baseline to 7.1 mmol/l).
In patients with type 2 diabetes, a meta-analysis showed a reduced risk of overall nocturnal hypoglycaemic episodes and major hypoglycaemia with NovoMix 30 compared to biphasic human insulin 30. The risk of overall daytime hypoglycaemic episodes was higher in patients treated with NovoMix 30.
Paediatric population: A 16-week clinical trial comparing postprandial glycaemic control of meal-related NovoMix 30 with meal-related human insulin/biphasic human insulin 30 and bedtime NPH insulin was performed in 167 patients aged 10 to 18 years. Mean HbA1c remained similar to baseline throughout the trial in both treatment groups, and there was no difference in hypoglycaemia rate with NovoMix 30 or biphasic human insulin 30.
In a smaller (54 patients) and younger (age range 6 to 12 years) population, treated in a double-blind, cross-over trial (12 weeks on each treatment), the rate of hypoglycaemic episodes and the postprandial glucose increase was significantly lower with NovoMix 30 compared to biphasic human insulin 30. Final HbA1c was significantly lower in the biphasic human insulin 30 treated group compared with NovoMix 30.
Elderly: The pharmacodynamic properties of NovoMix 30 have not been investigated in the elderly. However, a randomised, double-blind, cross-over PK/PD trial, comparing insulin aspart with soluble human insulin was performed in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (19 patients aged 65–83 years, mean age 70 years). The relative differences in the pharmacodynamic properties (GIRmax, AUCGIR, 0-120 min) between insulin aspart and soluble human insulin in the elderly were similar to those seen in healthy subjects and in younger patients with diabetes.
Pharmacokinetics: In insulin aspart, substitution of amino acid proline with aspartic acid at position B28 reduces the tendency to form hexamers as observed with human insulin. The insulin aspart in the soluble phase of NovoMix 30 comprises 30% of the total insulin; this is absorbed more rapidly from the subcutaneous layer than the soluble insulin component of biphasic human insulin. The remaining 70% is in crystalline form as protamine-crystallised insulin aspart; this has a prolonged absorption profile similar to human NPH insulin.
The maximum serum insulin concentration is, on average, 50% higher with NovoMix 30 than with biphasic human insulin 30. The time to maximum concentration is, on average, half of that for biphasic human insulin 30.
In healthy volunteers, a mean maximum serum concentration of 140 ± 32 pmol/l was reached about 60 minutes after a subcutaneous dose of 0.20 U/kg body weight. The mean half-life (t½) of NovoMix 30, reflecting the absorption rate of the protamine bound fraction, was about 8–9 hours. Serum insulin levels returned to baseline 15–18 hours after a subcutaneous dose. In type 2 diabetic patients, the maximum concentration was reached about 95 minutes after dosing, and concentrations well above zero for not less than 14 hours post-dosing were measured.
Elderly: The pharmacokinetic properties of NovoMix 30 have not been investigated in the elderly patients. However, the relative differences in pharmacokinetic properties between insulin aspart and soluble human insulin in elderly patients (65–83 years, mean age 70 years) with type 2 diabetes, were similar to those observed in healthy subjects and in younger patients with diabetes. A decreased absorption rate was observed in elderly patients, resulting in a later tmax (82 (interquartile range: 60–120) minutes), whereas Cmax was similar to that observed in younger patients with type 2 diabetes and slightly lower than in patients with type 1 diabetes.
Renal and hepatic impairment: The pharmacokinetics of NovoMix 30 has not been investigated in patients with renal or hepatic impairment.
Paediatric population: The pharmacokinetics of NovoMix 30 has not been investigated in children or adolescents. However, the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of soluble insulin aspart have been investigated in children (6–12 years) and adolescents (13–17 years) with type 1 diabetes. Insulin aspart was rapidly absorbed in both age groups, with similar tmax as in adults. However, Cmax differed between the age groups, stressing the importance of the individual titration of insulin aspart.
Toxicology: Preclinical safety data: Non-clinical data reveal no special hazard for humans based on conventional studies of safety pharmacology, repeated dose toxicity, genotoxicity and toxicity to reproduction.
In in vitro tests, including binding to insulin and IGF-1 receptor sites and effects on cell growth, insulin aspart behaved in a manner that closely resembled human insulin. Studies also demonstrate that the dissociation of binding to the insulin receptor of insulin aspart is equivalent to human insulin.
Indications/Uses
Treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus requiring insulin.
Dosage/Direction for Use
NovoMix 30 dosing is individual and determined in accordance with the needs of the patient. Blood glucose monitoring and insulin dose adjustments are recommended to achieve optimal glycaemic control.
In patients with type 2 diabetes, NovoMix 30 can be given as monotherapy. NovoMix 30 can also be given in combination with oral antidiabetic drugs if the patient's blood glucose is inadequately controlled with oral antidiabetic drugs alone.
How to start: Insulin naive patients: For patients with type 2 diabetes, the recommended starting dose of NovoMix 30 is 6 U at breakfast and 6 U at dinner (evening meal). However, it can also be initiated once daily with 12 U at dinner (evening meal).
How to switch: When transferring a patient from biphasic human insulin to NovoMix 30, start with the same dose and regimen. Then titrate according to individual needs (see Table 1 as follows). As with all insulin products, close glucose monitoring is recommended during the transfer and in the initial weeks thereafter (see Transfer from other insulin products).
How to intensify: NovoMix 30 can be intensified from once daily to twice daily. When using NovoMix 30 once daily, it is generally recommended to move to twice daily when reaching 30 units by splitting the dose into equal breakfast and dinner doses (50:50).
From NovoMix 30 twice daily to thrice daily: the morning dose can be split into morning and lunchtime doses (thrice daily dosing).
How to adjust the dose: Adjust the dose of NovoMix 30 on the basis of the lowest pre-meal blood glucose level from the three previous days.
Always change the mealtime dose preceding the measurement.
Dose adjustment can be made once a week until target HbA1c is reached.
The dose should not be increased if hypoglycaemia occurred within these days.
Adjustment of dosage may be necessary if patients undertake increased physical activity, change their usual diet or during concomitant illness.
The following titration guideline is recommended for dose adjustments: (See Table 1.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Special populations: As with all insulin products, in special populations, glucose monitoring should be intensified and the insulin aspart dosage adjusted on an individual basis.
Elderly: NovoMix 30 can be used in elderly patients; however there is limited experience with the use of NovoMix 30 in combination with OADs in patients older than 75 years.
Renal and hepatic impairment: Renal or hepatic impairment may reduce the patient's insulin requirements.
Paediatric population: NovoMix 30 can be used in children and adolescents aged 10 years and above when premixed insulin is preferred. Limited clinical data exist for children aged 6 to 9 years (see Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics under Actions).
No data are available for NovoMix 30 in children below 6 years of age.
Method of administration: NovoMix 30 is for subcutaneous administration only. NovoMix 30 must not be administered intravenously as it may result in severe hypoglycaemia. Intramuscular administration should be avoided. NovoMix 30 is not to be used in insulin infusion pumps.
NovoMix 30 is administered subcutaneously by injection in the thigh or in the abdominal wall. If convenient, the gluteal or deltoid region may be used. Injection sites should always be rotated within the same region in order to reduce the risk of lipodystrophy. As with all insulin products, the duration of action will vary according to the dose, injection site, blood flow, temperature and level of physical activity.
NovoMix 30 has a faster onset of action than biphasic human insulin and should generally be given immediately before a meal. When necessary, NovoMix 30 can be given soon after a meal.
Overdosage
A specific overdose for insulin cannot be defined, however, hypoglycaemia may develop over sequential stages if too high doses relative to the patient's requirement are administered: Mild hypoglycaemic episodes can be treated by oral administration of glucose or sugary products. It is therefore recommended that the diabetic patient always carries sugar-containing products.
Severe hypoglycaemic episodes, where the patient has become unconscious, can be treated with glucagon (0.5 to 1 mg) given intramuscularly or subcutaneously by a trained person, or with glucose given intravenously by a healthcare professional. Glucose must be given intravenously if the patient does not respond to glucagon within 10 to 15 minutes. Upon regaining consciousness, administration of oral carbohydrates is recommended for the patient in order to prevent a relapse.
Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to insulin aspart or any of the excipients (see Description).
Special Precautions
Before travelling between different time zones, the patient should seek the doctor's advice since this may mean that the patient has to take the insulin and meals at different times.
Hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar): Inadequate dosing or discontinuation of treatment, especially in type 1 diabetes, may lead to hyperglycaemia and diabetic ketoacidosis. Usually the first symptoms of hyperglycaemia develop gradually over a period of hours or days. They include thirst, increased frequency of urination, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, flushed dry skin, dry mouth, loss of appetite as well as acetone odour of breath. In type 1 diabetes, untreated hyperglycaemic events eventually lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, which is potentially lethal.
Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar): Omission of a meal or unplanned strenuous physical exercise may lead to hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemia may occur if the insulin dose is too high in relation to the insulin requirement (see Overdosage and Adverse Reactions).
Compared with biphasic human insulin, NovoMix 30 may have a more pronounced glucose lowering effect up to 6 hours after injection. This may have to be compensated for in the individual patient, through adjustment of insulin dose and/or food intake.
Patients whose blood glucose control is greatly improved, e.g. by intensified insulin therapy, may experience a change in their usual warning symptoms of hypoglycaemia and should be advised accordingly. Usual warning symptoms may disappear in patients with longstanding diabetes.
Tighter control of glucose levels can increase the potential for hypoglycaemic episodes and therefore require special attention during dose intensification as outlined in Dosage & Administration.
Since NovoMix 30 should be administered in immediate relation to a meal, the rapid onset of action should therefore be considered in patients with concomitant diseases or medication where a delayed absorption of food might be expected.
Concomitant illness, especially infections and feverish conditions, usually increases the patient's insulin requirements. Concomitant diseases in the kidney, liver or affecting the adrenal, pituitary or thyroid gland can require changes in the insulin dose.
When patients are transferred between different types of insulin products, the early warning symptoms of hypoglycaemia may change or become less pronounced than those experienced with their previous insulin.
Transfer from other insulin products: Transferring a patient to another type or brand of insulin should be done under strict medical supervision. Changes in strength, brand (manufacturer), type, origin (human insulin, insulin analogue) and/or method of manufacture may result in the need for a change in dosage. Patients transferred to NovoMix 30 from another type of insulin may require an increased number of daily injections or a change in dosage from that used with their usual insulin products. If an adjustment is needed, it may occur with the first dose or during the first few weeks or months.
Injection site reactions: As with any insulin therapy, injection site reactions may occur and include pain, redness, hives, inflammation, bruising, swelling and itching. Continuous rotation of the injection site within a given area reduces the risk of developing these reactions. Reactions usually resolve in a few days to a few weeks. On rare occasions, injection site reactions may require discontinuation of NovoMix 30.
Combination of thiazolidinediones and insulin medicinal products: Cases of congestive heart failure have been reported when thiazolidinediones were used in combination with insulin, especially in patients with risk factors for development of congestive heart failure.
Insulin antibodies: Insulin administration may cause insulin antibodies to form. In rare cases, the presence of such insulin antibodies may necessitate adjustment of the insulin dose in order to correct a tendency to hyper- or hypoglycaemia.
Effects on ability to drive and use machines: The patient's ability to concentrate and react may be impaired as a result of hypoglycaemia. This may constitute a risk in situations where these abilities are of special importance (e.g. driving a car or operating machinery).
Patients should be advised to take precautions to avoid hypoglycaemia while driving or operating a machine. This is particularly important in those who have reduced or absent awareness of the warning signs of hypoglycaemia or have frequent episodes of hypoglycaemia. The advisability of driving or operating a machine should be considered in these circumstances.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
There is limited clinical experience with NovoMix 30 in pregnancy. NovoMix 30 has not been investigated in pregnant women. However, data from two randomised controlled clinical trials (157 and 14 insulin aspart-exposed pregnancies, respectively, in basal-bolus regimen) do not indicate any adverse effect of insulin aspart on pregnancy or on the health of the foetus/newborn when compared to soluble human insulin.
In general, intensified blood glucose control and monitoring of pregnant women with diabetes are recommended throughout pregnancy and when contemplating pregnancy. Insulin requirements usually fall in the first trimester and increase subsequently during the second and third trimesters. After delivery, insulin requirements normally return rapidly to pre-pregnancy values.
There are no restrictions on treatment with NovoMix 30 during lactation. Insulin treatment of the breast-feeding mother presents no risk to the baby. However, the NovoMix 30 dosage may need to be adjusted.
Adverse Reactions
Summary of the safety profile: Adverse reactions observed in patients using NovoMix are mainly due to the pharmacologic effect of insulin.
The most frequently reported adverse reaction during treatment is hypoglycaemia. The frequencies of hypoglycaemia vary with patient population, dose regimens and level of glycaemic control, see Description of selected adverse reactions as follows.
At the beginning of the insulin treatment, refraction anomalies, oedema and injection site reactions (pain, redness, hives, inflammation, bruising, swelling and itching at the injection site) may occur. These reactions are usually of a transitory nature. Fast improvement in blood glucose control may be associated with acute painful neuropathy, which is usually reversible. Intensification of insulin therapy with abrupt improvement in glycaemic control may be associated with temporary worsening of diabetic retinopathy, while long-term improved glycaemic control decreases the risk of progression of diabetic retinopathy.
Tabulated list of adverse reactions: Adverse reactions listed as follows are based on clinical trial data and classified according to MedDRA System Organ Class. Frequency categories are defined according to the following convention: Very common (≥1/10); common (≥1/100 to <1/10); uncommon (≥1/1,000 to <1/100); rare (≥1/10,000 to <1/1,000); very rare (<1/10,000); not known (cannot be estimated from the available data). (See Table 2.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Description of selected adverse reactions: Anaphylactic reactions: The occurrence of generalised hypersensitivity reactions (including generalised skin rash, itching, sweating, gastrointestinal upset, angioneurotic oedema, difficulties in breathing, palpitation and reduction in blood pressure) is very rare but can potentially be life-threatening.
Hypoglycaemia: The most frequently reported adverse reaction is hypoglycaemia. It may occur if the insulin dose is too high in relation to the insulin requirement. Severe hypoglycaemia may lead to unconsciousness and/or convulsions and may result in temporary or permanent impairment of brain function or even death. The symptoms of hypoglycaemia usually occur suddenly. They may include cold sweats, cool pale skin, fatigue, nervousness or tremor, anxiousness, unusual tiredness or weakness, confusion, difficulty in concentration, drowsiness, excessive hunger, vision changes, headache, nausea and palpitation.
In clinical trials, the frequency of hypoglycaemia varied with patient population, dose regimens and level of glycaemic control. During clinical trials, the overall rates of hypoglycaemia did not differ between patients treated with insulin aspart compared to human insulin.
Lipodystrophy: Lipodystrophy (including lipohypertrophy, lipoatrophy) may occur at the injection site. Continuous rotation of the injection site within the particular area reduces the risk of developing these reactions.
Drug Interactions
A number of medicinal products are known to interact with the glucose metabolism.
The following substances may reduce the patient's insulin requirements: Oral antidiabetic products, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), beta-blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, salicylates, anabolic steroids and sulfonamides.
The following substances may increase the patient's insulin requirements: Oral contraceptives, thiazides, glucocorticoids, thyroid hormones, sympathomimetics, growth hormone and danazol.
Beta-blocking agents may mask the symptoms of hypoglycaemia.
Octreotide/lanreotide may either increase or decrease the insulin requirement.
Alcohol may intensify or reduce the hypoglycaemic effect of insulin.
Caution For Usage
Special precautions for disposal and other handling: Needles and NovoMix 30 FlexPen must not be shared. The cartridge must not be refilled.
NovoMix 30 must not be used if the resuspended liquid does not appear uniformly white and cloudy. The necessity of resuspending the NovoMix 30 FlexPen suspension immediately before use is to be stressed to the patient.
NovoMix 30 which has been frozen must not be used.
The patient should be advised to discard the needle after each injection.
Storage
Storage when not in use: Store in a refrigerator (2°C–8°C). Keep away from the cooling element. Do not freeze.
After removing NovoMix 30 FlexPen from the refrigerator, it is recommended to allow NovoMix 30 FlexPen to reach room temperature before resuspending the insulin as instructed for the first time use.
Storage during use or when carried as a spare: NovoMix 30 FlexPen that is being used or carried as a spare is not to be kept in the refrigerator. It can be kept at room temperature (below 30°C) for up to 4 weeks.
Keep the pen cap on FlexPen in order to protect from light.
NovoMix 30 must be protected from excessive heat and light.
Patient Counseling Information
Do not use NovoMix 30: If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to insulin aspart or any of the other ingredients in NovoMix 30 (see Description).
If you suspect hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) is starting (see Hypoglycaemia).
In insulin infusion pumps.
If FlexPen is dropped, damaged or crushed.
If it has not been stored correctly or if it has been frozen.
If the resuspended insulin does not appear uniformly white and cloudy.
If after resuspension clumps of material are present or if solid white particles stick to the bottom or the wall of the cartridge.
Before using NovoMix 30: Check the label to make sure it is the right type of insulin.
Always use a new needle for each injection to prevent contamination.
Needles and NovoMix 30 FlexPen must not be shared.
NovoMix 30 is for injection under the skin (subcutaneously). Never inject your insulin directly into a vein (intravenously) or muscle (intramuscularly).
With each injection, change the injection site within the particular area of skin that you use. This reduces the risk of developing lumps or skin pitting. The best places to give yourself an injection are: the front of your waist (abdomen); your buttocks; the front of your thighs or upper arms. The insulin will work more quickly if you inject around the waist. You should always measure your blood sugar regularly.
Instructions on how to use NovoMix 30 suspension for injection in FlexPen.
Read the following instructions carefully before using your FlexPen. If you do not follow the instructions carefully, you may get too little or too much insulin, which can lead to too high or too low blood sugar level.
Your FlexPen is a pre-filled dial-a-dose insulin pen.
You can select doses from 1 to 60 units in increments of 1 unit.
FlexPen is designed to be used with NovoFine or NovoTwist disposable needles up to a length of 8 mm.
Always carry a spare insulin delivery device in case your FlexPen is lost or damaged.
Caring for your pen: Your FlexPen must be handled with care. If it is dropped, damaged or crushed, there is a risk of insulin leakage. This may cause inaccurate dosing, which can lead to too high or too lowblood sugar level.
You can clean the exterior of your FlexPen by wiping it with a medicinal swab. Do not soak, wash or lubricate it as it may damage the pen.
Do not refill your FlexPen.
Resuspending your insulin: A. Check the name and coloured label of your pen to make sure that it contains the correct type of insulin. This is especially important if you take more than one type of insulin. If you take the wrong type of insulin, your blood sugar level may get too high or too low.
Every time you use a new pen: Let the insulin reach room temperature before you use it. This makes it easier to resuspend.
Pull off the pen cap.
B. Before your first injection with a new FlexPen, you must resuspend the insulin: Roll the pen between your palms 10 times - it is important that the pen is kept horizontal (level with the ground).
C. Then move the pen up and down 10 times between the two positions as shown, so the glass ball moves from one end of the cartridge to the other.
Repeat rolling and moving the pen until the liquid appears uniformly white and cloudy.
For every following injection: Move the pen up and down between the two positions at least 10 times until the liquid appears uniformly white and cloudy.
Always make sure that you have resuspended the insulin prior to each injection. This reduces the risk of too high or too low blood sugar level. After you have resuspended the insulin, complete all the following steps of injection without delay.
Always check there are at least 12 units of insulin left in the cartridge to allow resuspension. If there are less than 12 units left, use a new FlexPen. 12 units are marked on the residual scale.
Do not use the pen if the resuspended insulin does not look uniformly white and cloudy.
Attaching a needle: D. Take a new needle and tear off the paper tab.
Screw the needle straight and tightly onto your FlexPen.
E. Pull off the big outer needle cap and keep it for later.
F. Pull off the inner needle cap and dispose of it.
Never try to put the inner needle cap back on the needle. You may stick yourself with the needle.
Always use a new needle for each injection. This reduces the risk of contamination, infection, leakage of insulin, blocked needles and inaccurate dosing.
Be careful not to bend or damage the needle before use.
Checking the insulin flow: Prior to each injection, small amounts of air may collect in the cartridge during normal use. To avoid injection of air and ensure proper dosing: G. Turn the dose selector to select 2 units.
H. Hold your FlexPen with the needle pointing upwards and tap the cartridge gently with your finger a few times to make any air bubbles collect at the top of the cartridge.
I. Keeping the needle upwards, press the push-button all the way in. The dose selector returns to 0.
A drop of insulin should appear at the needle tip. If not, change the needle and repeat the procedure no more than 6 times.
If a drop of insulin still does not appear, the pen is defective, and you must use a new one.
Always make sure that a drop appears at the needle tip before you inject. This makes sure that the insulin flows. If no drop appears, you will not inject any insulin, even though the dose selector may move. This may indicate a blocked or damaged needle.
Always check the flow before you inject. If you do not check the flow, you may get too little insulin or no insulin at all. This may lead to too high blood sugar level.
Selecting your dose: Check that the dose selector is set at 0.
J. Turn the dose selector to select the number of units you need to inject.
The dose can be corrected either up or down by turning the dose selector in either direction until the correct dose lines up with the pointer. When turning the dose selector, be careful not to push the push-button as insulin will come out.
You cannot select a dose larger than the number of units left in the cartridge.
Always use the dose selector and the pointer to see how many units you have selected before injecting the insulin.
Do not count the pen clicks. If you select and inject the wrong dose, your blood sugar level may get too high or too low. Do not use the residual scale, it only shows approximately how much insulin is left in your pen.
Making the injection: Insert the needle into your skin. Use the injection technique shown by your doctor or nurse.
K. Inject the dose by pressing the push-button all the way in until 0 lines up with the pointer. Be careful only to push the push-button when injecting.
Turning the dose selector will not inject insulin.
L. Keep the push-button fully depressed and let the needle remain under the skin for at least 6 seconds.
This will make sure you get the full dose.
Withdraw the needle from the skin, then release the pressure on the push-button.
Always make sure that the dose selector returns to 0 after the injection. If the dose selector stops before it returns to 0, the full dose has not been delivered, which may result in too high blood sugar level.
M. Lead the needle into the big outer needle cap without touching it. When the needle is covered, carefully push the big outer needle cap completely on and then unscrew the needle.
Dispose of it carefully and put the pen cap back on.
Always remove the needle after each injection and store your FlexPen without the needle attached. This reduces the risk of contamination, infection, leakage of insulin, blocked needles and inaccurate dosing.
Further important information: Caregivers must be very careful when handling used needles to reduce the risk of needle sticks and cross-infection.
Dispose of your used FlexPen carefully without the needle attached.
Never share your pen or your needles with other people. It might lead to cross-infection.
Never share your pen with other people. Your medicine might be harmful to their health.
Always keep your pen and needles out of sight and reach of others, especially children.
ATC Classification
A10AD05 - insulin aspart ; Belongs to the class of intermediate-acting combined with fast-acting insulins and analogues. Used in the treatment of diabetes.
Presentation/Packing
FlexPen 100 IU/mL (white suspension in a pre-filled pen) x 3 mL x 5's.
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