Adult: For cases that are severe, disabling, or subjecting the patient to extreme distress: 30 mg daily as a single or in divided doses, may be increased to 60 mg daily according to patient response. Usual dose range: 10-60 mg daily. Use the lowest dose that can control the symptoms. Max treatment duration: 4-6 weeks (including tapering off process). Elderly: Initiate at a lower dose or a dose of no more than 15 mg daily. May increase gradually according to patient response.
Special Patient Group
Debilitated patient: Initiate at a lower dose or a dose of no more than 15 mg daily. May increase gradually according to patient response.
May be taken with or without food.
Myasthenia gravis, sleep apnoea syndrome, severe respiratory insufficiency. Severe hepatic impairment.
Patient with suspected, known, or history of alcohol or drug abuse. Not recommended for the primary treatment of psychotic illness. Not indicated for use as monotherapy to treat depression or anxiety associated depression. Avoid abrupt withdrawal. Elderly and debilitated patients. Pregnancy and lactation. Concomitant use with opioids.
Significant: Tolerance (may develop after repeated use for a few weeks), physical and psychological dependence; anterograde amnesia; rebound insomnia and anxiety; psychiatric and paradoxical reactions (e.g. restlessness, agitation, irritability, aggressiveness, rage, delusion, hallucination, nightmare, psychoses, behavioural changes). Cardiac disorders: Palpitations. Eye disorders: Blurred or double vision. Gastrointestinal disorders: Dry mouth, gastrointestinal disturbances. General disorders and administration site conditions: Fatigue, weakness. Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Joint pain. Nervous system disorders: Drowsiness, ataxia, dizziness, headache, lightheadedness, slurred speech, tremor, hyperactivity. Psychiatric disorders: Confusion, vivid dreams, depression. Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Rash, diaphoresis.
Patient Counseling Information
This drug may cause sedation, amnesia, impaired concentration and muscular function; if affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
Monitor blood counts and LFTs periodically in patients on prolonged therapy. Reassess patient regularly and evaluate the need for continued treatment.
Symptoms: Mental confusion, lethargy, drowsiness; ataxia, hypotonia, hypotension, respiratory depression. Rarely, coma and death. Management: Induce vomiting in conscious patients within 1 hour of ingestion. Perform gastric lavage while protecting the airway in unconscious patients. Administer activated charcoal to reduce absorption if emptying of the stomach has no advantage. May give flumazenil as an antidote. Monitor respiratory and CV functions.
Additive CNS depressant effects including respiratory depression with antipsychotics (e.g. clozapine), hypnotics, anxiolytics/sedatives, antidepressants, narcotic analgesics, anti-epileptics, anaesthetics, and sedative antihistamines. May result in enhanced euphoria leading to an increased risk in psychological dependence with narcotic analgesics. May enhance therapeutic effect with oral contraceptives and certain CYP450 enzyme inhibitors. May reduce metabolism and increase the risk of potential toxicity with CYP3A4 enzyme inhibitors. Potentially Fatal: May cause profound sedation, respiratory depression, and coma with opioids.
Alcohol may potentiate the sedative effect of prazepam.
Description: Prazepam is a long-acting benzodiazepine derivative that is converted in the liver to desmethyldiazepam (active metabolite). It has similar clinical activity to other benzodiazepines, including anxiolytic, sedative, anticonvulsant, and central muscle relaxant properties. Pharmacokinetics: Metabolism: Undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism in the liver to desmethyldiazepam (nordazepam) and oxazepam.
N05BA11 - prazepam ; Belongs to the class of benzodiazepine derivatives anxiolytics. Used in the management of anxiety, agitation or tension.
Anon. Prazepam. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. https://online.lexi.com. Accessed 05/08/2021.Buckingham R (ed). Prazepam. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 05/08/2021.Prazepam. Gold Standard Drug Database in ClinicalKey [online]. Elsevier Inc. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed 13/08/2021.