SKYCellflu

SKYCellflu

vaccine, influenza

Manufacturer:

SK bioscience

Distributor:

Zuellig Pharma

Marketer:

AJ Biologics
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine.
Description
Each 0.5mL prefilled syringe contains: Active ingredients: Purified inactivated influenza virus surface antigen [A/Guangdong-Maonan/SWL1536/2019, CNIC-1909 (H1N1)] (In-house) 15μg;
Purified inactivated influenza virus surface antigen [A/Hong Kong/2671/2019, NIB-121 (H3N2)] (In-house) 15μg;
Purified inactivated influenza virus surface antigen [B/Washington/02/2019] (In-house) 15μg;
Purified inactivated influenza virus surface antigen [B/Phuket/3073/2013] (In-house) 15μg.
Stabilizers: Magnesium chloride hexahydrate (Ph.Eur.) 0.050mg;
Calcium chloride dihydrate (Ph.Eur.) 0.067mg.
Solvent: Water for injection (Ph.Eur.) q.s.
Supplement: Disposable needle (25G×5/8(0.5×16mm)) (In-house) 1ea.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: Sodium chloride, Potassium chloride, Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Disodium phosphate dihydrate.
Action
Pharmacology: Pharmacodynamics: Seroprotection is generally obtained within 3 weeks. The duration of postvaccinal immunity to homologous strains or to strains closely related to the vaccine strains varies but is usually 6-12 months.
Indications/Uses
Active immunization for the prevention of influenza disease caused by influenza virus subtypes A and type B contained in the vaccine, for adults and children 3 years of age and older.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Following dose is administered via intramuscular injection, and same dose is repeated once annually. (See Table 1.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image
Overdosage
There is no specific information on overdose of SKYCellflu influenza vaccine.
Special Precautions
Do not administer SKYCellflu Quadrivalent to the following individuals: If deemed necessary after a medical interview and visual inspection, examine the subject's health condition further using methods such as auscultation and percussion. Do not administer the vaccine to subjects with following conditions. As an exception, the vaccine may be administered to subjects who are at risk of possible influenza infection and determined to have no likelihood of developing serious disabilities due to the administration of the vaccine.
Hypersensitivity reaction to active ingredient and/or any other ingredient (including formalin) in SKYCellflu Quadrivalent.
Febrile disease or acute infection.
History of severe hypersensitivity reaction and/or convulsive symptom to previous influenza vaccination.
History of Guillain-Barre syndrome or other neurological disorder within 6 weeks of previous influenza vaccination.
Fever.
Cardiovascular disease, renal disease, or hepatic disease in acute exacerbation, or active phase.
Acute respiratory disease or other active infection.
History of anaphylaxis reaction to any ingredient in SKYCellflu Quadrivalent.
History of suspected allergic reaction, including systemic rash, to previous vaccination.
Other medical conditions that are diagnosed to be inappropriate for administration of SKYCellflu Quadrivalent vaccine.
Administer SKYCellflu Quadrivalent with caution to the following individuals: Pregnant women or women of child-bearing potential.
Patients with chronic cardiovascular or respiratory disease or patients with diabetes mellitus may experience significant exacerbation of existing disease upon influenza infection, and thus may receive vaccination with caution, as necessary.
As with other intramuscular injection, patients with any bleeding disorder, such as hemophilia or thrombocytopenia, or patients on anticoagulant therapy should not receive SKYCellflu Quadrivalent unless the potential benefits outweigh the risk of administration. If the decision is made to administer SKYCellflu Quadrivalent in such persons, it should be administered with caution to avoid the risk of hematoma formation following injection.
General precautions: Instruction should be provided to the vaccine recipient or caregiver to have a rest on the day of vaccination and next day, to maintain the injection site clean, and to immediately seek medical attention if symptoms such as fever and convulsion develop after vaccination.
Antibody response may be insufficient in patients with inherited or iatrogenic immunodeficiency.
Influenza vaccine should be administered before influenza outbreaks. Vaccination may be delayed depending on epidemiological situation.
Influenza vaccine should be administered annually using a new vaccine composed with strains recommended each year.
SKYCellflu Quadrivalent can prevent disease caused by influenza virus only, and does not prevent infection caused by other sources which show similar symptoms as influenza.
As with other injectable vaccine preparations, appropriate emergency intervention should be prepared for potential anaphylaxis response after administration of the vaccine.
Syncope may occur after or even before vaccination as a psychological reaction to injection needle. Appropriate measures should be taken to prevent injury from syncope.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Use in pregnant women and nursing mothers: Safety of SKYCellflu Quadrivalent has not been evaluated in pregnant women. Direct and/or indirect adverse effect related to reproduction and developmental toxicity was not observed in animal studies. SKYCellflu Quadrivalent should be administered to pregnant women or women of child-bearing potential only if clearly needed.
Safety of SKYCellflu Quadrivalent has not been evaluated in breastfeeding women. Since it is not known whether SKYCellflu Quadrivalent is excreted in breast milk, caution should be exercised when SKYCellflu Quadrivalent is administered to a nursing mother.
Adverse Reactions
Local reaction: adverse reactions including injection site tenderness, pain, erythema/redness, and induration/swelling may occur; these reactions usually disappear instantly.
Systemic reaction: systemic reactions including myalgia, fatigue/malaise, headache, diarrhea, and vomiting may occur after vaccination; these reactions usually disappear within 3-4 days.
Encephalomyelitis: rarely, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is reported. Fever, headache, convulsion, motor disorder, cognitive disorder, etc. may occur generally within 2 weeks after vaccination. In a case of suspected ADEM, diagnosis with MRI and proper intervention should be instituted.
Very rarely, allergic reaction to anaphylaxis may occur.
Temporary disorder of systemic and/or local neural network may occur. Sensitivity to stimulus or pain may be abnormal. Vascular, cerebral, or neuronal inflammation (e.g., Guillain-Barre syndrome) resulting in paralysis, neuropathic pain, bleeding, and internal bleeding has been reported.
Safety of SKYCellflu Quadrivalent was assessed in a study with 255 pediatric and adolescent subjects 3 through 18 years of age, and 802 adults ≥19 years of age, and followings were reported for adverse reactions. 476 out of 1,057 (45.03%) subjects developed adverse reactions after vaccination. The incidence rate was 46.27% in pediatric and adolescent subjects 3 through 18 years of age, 49.00% in adult 19 through 59 years of age, and 26.14% in subjects ≥60 years of age.
Solicited adverse reactions observed during the 7-day period after SKYCellflu Quadrivalent vaccination are shown as follows. (See Table 2.)

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Unsolicited adverse reactions observed during the 21-day (adults) or 28-day (children and adolescents) period after SKYCellflu Quadrivalent vaccination were reported in 7 out of 1,057 (0.66%) subjects. Adverse reactions related to musculoskeletal system was most frequently observed. Adverse reactions observed during the study period are shown as follows.
(Uncommon: 0.1 to <5%, Rare: <0.1%). (See Table 3.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

12 out of 1,057 subjects developed 13 serious adverse events by 6 months after administration of SKYCellflu Quadrivalent vaccine (2 cases of gastroenteritis, 1 case of diverticulitis, 1 case of wrist fracture, 1 case of tooth abscess, 1 case of benign prostate hyperplasia, 1 case of deviated nasal septum, 1 case of benign neoplasm of breast, 1 case of cerebral hemorrhage, 1 case of acute stomachache, 1 case of pneumonia, 1 case of mycoplasma pneumonia, 1 case of enuresis) and all of which were concluded to be unrelated to SKYCellflu Quadrivalent.
Drug Interactions
Concurrent immunosuppressive therapy or immunodeficiency may affect immunological response to the vaccine.
Co-administration of SKYCellflu Quadrivalent with other vaccines has not been studied. If concomitant vaccination cannot be avoided, injections should be administered on different sites, and the patients should be informed of possible increases in the severity of the adverse effects due to the co-administration.
False positive response has been reported from the serum test after influenza vaccination, which measures antibody against HIV1, HCV, and particularly HTLV1 using ELISA assay (false positivity confirmed with Western Blot technique). Such temporary false positive result is attributed to IgM reaction from the vaccination.
Immunosuppressive therapy (radiotherapy, anti-metabolic agent, alkylating agent, cytotoxic agent, and supraphysiological doses of corticosteroid) may reduce the immunological response to influenza vaccine.
Caution For Usage
Instruction for administration: 1) Inspect the vaccine visually for any particulate matter or change in physical appearance prior to administration.
2) Before administering a dose of vaccine, shake the vaccine well until colorless or opalescent solution is achieved. Do not use the vaccine in case any abnormalities are observed.
3) Remove the vaccine from the refrigerator and allow reaching room temperature before use. Shake well to achieve homogenous solution before use (storage condition is 2~8°C refrigeration).
4) Upon long-term storage, vaccine may show slight aggregation. This does not indicate abnormal quality, and is easily resuspended by shaking the vaccine.
5) Do not administer SKYCellflu Quadrivalent via intravenous injection.
6) Lateral upper arm is the typical administration site, and should be disinfected with ethanol or iodine tincture before the administration. In addition, it is advised to avoid repeating vaccination at the same site.
Incompatibilities: In the absence of compatibility studies, this medicinal product must not be mixed with other medicinal products.
Storage
Keep refrigerated at 2~8°C in a hermetic container away from light. Do NOT freeze.
Do not use the vaccine if the contents have been frozen, because it may cause changes in product quality.
ATC Classification
J07BB02 - influenza, inactivated, split virus or surface antigen ; Belongs to the class of influenza viral vaccines.
Presentation/Packing
Vaccine (inj) 0.5 mL (clear or slightly opalescent liquid contained within colorless and transparent prefilled syringe) x 5's.
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