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> Ciprofloxacin - Ophthalmic
> Ciprofloxacin - Otic

Ciprofloxacin - Oral - Patient Medicine Information

> Why do I need this medicine?
> How do I take this medicine?
> What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?
> When should I not use this medicine?
> What should I take note of while taking this medicine?
> What side effects could I experience?
> Can I take this with other medicines?
> What special dietary instructions should I follow?
> How should I store this medicine?

 
Available Brands
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Other Known Brands
  • Enoxin    
  • Serviflox    
  • Cifran    

Why do I need this medicine?

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic. It is used to treat certain bacterial infections of the nose, lungs, skin, bones, joints, genitals, bladder, stomach and bowels.

This medicine may be used to treat other bacterial infections as decided by your doctor.

How do I take this medicine?

Take Ciprofloxacin exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.

This medicine may be taken with or without food. Take it with meals if you experience any stomach discomfort. Always take it with a full glass of water, unless your doctor has specifically told you not to do so.

Ciprofloxacin is available as a tablet, extended-release tablet, or oral suspension.

If you are taking the extended-release type of tablet (may be labelled "ER"), swallow it whole. Do not divide, chew or crush the tablet.

If you are taking an oral suspension, shake the bottle well before you take it to ensure that the liquid is evenly mixed. Use the measuring spoon or cup provided to measure out your prescribed dose.

Ciprofloxacin must be taken at regular intervals for it to be effective. Continue taking this medicine even when you feel better. Do not stop taking it unless instructed by the doctor.

Do not skip any doses. You must complete the entire course of antibiotic. If you don't, the infection will not clear completely.

What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal dosing schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to take your medicine, let your doctor and pharmacist know.

When should I not use this medicine?

Do not take Ciprofloxacin if you have ever had an allergic reaction (rashes, breathlessness, swollen eyes) to similar antibiotics such as levofloxacin, lomefloxacin, moxifloxacin, nalidixic acid, norfloxacin, and ofloxacin.

DO NOT take this medicine with tizanidine, a medicine used to treat conditions which causes contractions and stiffening of the muscles.

What should I take note of while taking this medicine?

Inform your doctor if you have the following conditions:
  • heart disease
  • kidney disease
  • epilepsy (fits or seizures)
  • myasthenia gravis (a muscle weakness disorder)
  • rheumatoid arthritis (an inflammation in the joints of fingers, wrist, feet, ankles)
  • G6PD deficiency (an inherited blood disorder that affects red blood cells)
  • tendon or muscle injury
Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Be sure to check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving this medicine to children and adolescents.

Keep your appointments with your doctor. Your doctor needs to monitor your condition and check your response to the medication regularly. He may also need to do routine blood tests (e.g. complete blood count, kidney and liver function tests) while you are being treated with Ciprofloxacin.

What side effects could I experience?

Ciprofloxacin may cause dizziness. It may also cause you to suddenly fall asleep during your daily activities such as eating and watching television. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert.

Other side effects include any of the following: diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, indigestion, and difficulty sleeping.

Ciprofloxacin may also cause your skin to be more sensitive to sunlight. Avoid direct or prolonged exposure to the sun or ultraviolet (UV) light, including tanning beds and sun lamps.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following:
  • rashes, breathlessness, swollen mouth or eyes
  • pain, tenderness, and mild swelling in limbs or joints
  •  ruptured tendon usually characterized by a snap or pop you hear or feel, severe pain, bruising, and marked weakness on the affected area e.g. kneecap, shoulders, heel
  • numbness or tingling sensation in the hands and feet
  • irregular heartbeat
  • unusual changes in mood or behaviour (being too depressed, having thoughts of self-harm, seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not existent)
  • seizures
  • symptoms of hypoglycemia or low blood sugar e.g. dizziness, tremor, shaky hands, feeling hungry, weak or confused, problems speaking
  • stomach pain, yellowing of the skin or eyes, dark urine, pale stools
  • severe diarrhoea
Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.

Can I take this with other medicines?

DO NOT take this medicine with tizanidine, a medicine used to treat conditions which causes muscle contractions and stiffness.

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:
  • other antibiotics e.g. erythromycin, clarithromycin, clindamycin, piperacillin
  • warfarin (blood-thinning medicine)
  • glibenclamide (medicine for diabetes)
  • theophylline (medicine for asthma)
  • medicines for heart disease e.g. quinidine, procainamide, amiodarone, sotalol
  • medicines for pain and inflammation e.g. ibuprofen, celecoxib, prednisone
  • medicines for mood disorders e.g. clozapine, olanzapine
  • medicines for epilepsy (fits or seizures) e.g. phenytoin, phenobarbital
  • probenecid (medicine for gout)
  • medicines for stomach problems e.g. sucralfate, bismuth subsalicylate, metoclopramide, omeprazole
  • other medicines such as didanosine, methotrexate, ciclosporin, ropinirole, theophylline
This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Ciprofloxacin.

This medicine should not be taken at the same time as antacids or supplements that contain aluminium, calcium, iron, magnesium, or zinc. These may reduce the effectiveness of Ciprofloxacin. If you must take antacids or multivitamins containing aluminium, calcium, iron, magnesium or zinc, take Ciprofloxacin at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after such products.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Avoid taking Ciprofloxacin together with dairy products such as milk, cheese, yoghurt or ice-cream. Dairy products may reduce the effectiveness of this medicine when taken at the same time. Take Ciprofloxacin at least 2 hours before or 6 hours after you have taken any dairy products.

Avoid alcohol.

How should I store this medicine?

Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Store the oral suspension at room temperature of not more than 30°C. Do not allow to freeze. If frozen, this medicine will become ineffective and should not be used. Throw away any unused portion after 14 days.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.

This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Ciprofloxacin - Oral and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2019 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com

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