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Clonidine - Transdermal - Patient Medicine Information

> Why do I need this medicine?
> How do I use this medicine?
> What should I do if I have forgotten to use this medicine?
> What should I take note of while using this medicine?
> What side effects could I experience?
> Can I use this with other medicines?
> What special dietary instructions should I follow?
> How should I store this medicine?

 

Why do I need this medicine?

Clonidine is used on its own or together with other medicines to keep your blood pressure under control. This medicine relaxes your blood vessels and this helps to lower your blood pressure.

How do I use this medicine?

Apply Clonidine transdermal patch on your skin exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not use it for a longer period of time than instructed by your doctor.

This medicine should be applied once a day on a clean, dry, hairless, intact healthy skin of the upper outer arm or chest, in a place which will not be rubbed by tight clothing. After removing the protective liner of the patch, place the sticky side of the patch on the application site then press down the patch firmly for at least 30 seconds using the palm of the hand until the edges stick well. Do not apply the patch to red, irritated, or cut skin.

Replace the patch every week at a consistent time. The site of application of the patch can be change weekly to avoid possible skin irritations. For example, if you put the patch on your upper arm on the first week, put it on your chest on the second week, and so on.

Clonidine transdermal patch must be used regularly for it to be effective. Continue using the patch even when there are signs of improvement. Do not stop using it unless instructed otherwise, as stopping it suddenly could worsen your condition.

What should I do if I have forgotten to use this medicine?

Use the missed patch as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal dosing schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to use the patch, let your doctor and pharmacist know.

What should I take note of while using this medicine?

Inform your doctor if you have the following:

- a condition called “Raynaud's disease” (poor blood circulation which makes the toes and fingers numb and pale)
- heart disease (e.g. heart failure, recent stroke, slow heartbeat)
- depression or history of depression
- kidney disease

Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

If you are going for an operation, including minor surgery and dental work, inform your doctor or dentist that you are taking using this medicine.

Keep your appointments with your doctor. Your doctor needs to monitor your condition and check your response to the medication regularly.

What lifestyle changes can I make to improve my blood pressure?

Regular exercise and eating a healthy diet will help lower your blood pressure and improve your overall health. Engage in physical activity (e.g. walking) at least 30 to 60 minutes on most days of the week. If you have not exercised for a long time, start with light exercises such as slow walks. Speak to your doctor about what type of exercise would be suitable for you. Follow a healthy diet plan by eating more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products and reduce your intake of foods high in saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium. Cutting down on deep-fried foods and using less salt when cooking can kick-start your healthy diet.

If you smoke, you should try to quit. Smoking is harmful to your blood pressure, heart and overall health. Speak to your doctor or pharmacist about ways to kick your smoking habit.

Try to keep stress levels under control as stress will cause your blood pressure to go up.

What side effects could I experience?

Clonidine may cause dizziness, drowsiness, and sedation. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert. If you are taking this medicine for the very first time, take the first dose of this medicine at bedtime to minimise dizziness.

You may also feel dizzy when getting up from a sitting or lying down position, especially if you are taking this medicine for the very first time. This is common and should improve gradually as you get used to Clonidine. To minimise this problem, stand up slowly.

This medicine may cause some mild skin redness or itching at the spot at which the patch was applied. This is normal and is usually not a cause for worry. However, if your skin becomes swollen, blistered or very itchy, remove the patch and alert your doctor quickly.

Other side effects include any of the following: depression, difficulty sleeping, headache, rash, constipation, dry mouth,nausea, vomiting, weakness, and sexual dysfunction in men.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience paleness and numbness of toes and fingers, slower heart beat.

Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.

Can I use this with other medicines?

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:

- medicines for heart disease and high blood pressure e.g. guanethidine, propanolol, digoxin
- medicines for epilepsy (seizure or fits) e.g. phenytoin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine
- medicines for depression e.g. imipramine, desipramine, amitriptyline
- medicines used to block pain and other sensations e.g. propofol, thiopental
- medicines for moderate to severe pain e.g. tramadol, morphine, nalbuphine

This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Clonidine.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics, such as traditional Chinese medicine, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Cut down on your salt intake -- this may help lower your blood pressure and improve your overall health. Speak to your doctor or dietitian about ways to cut down on your salt intake.

Avoid drinking too much alcohol. Speak to your doctor if you have a drinking problem.

How should I store this medicine?

Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children. Do not remove the patch from the sachet until use.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.

This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Clonidine - Transdermal and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2019 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com

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