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Clopidogrel- Oral - Patient Medicine Information

> Why do I need this medicine?
> How do I take this medicine?
> What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?
> When should I not use this medicine?
> What should I take note of while taking this medicine?
> What side effects could I experience?
> Can I take this with other medicines?
> What special dietary instructions should I follow?
> How should I store this medicine?

 
Available Brands

Other Known Brands
  • Clopivid    
  • Kogrel    
  • Ceruvin    
  • Plavix    
  • Troken    

Why do I need this medicine?

Clopidogrel is a blood-thinning medicine. It prevents special cells in the blood from sticking to each other. This reduces the risk of harmful blood clots forming in your body. Blood clots that form in a blood vessel inside the heart or brain can cause a heart attack or a stroke.

This medicine is used to prevent and reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes in people at who have a high risk of getting them. This includes people who have had a heart attack or stroke before and are at risk of getting another one. It also includes people with blood circulation problems that may increase their chances of getting a heart attack or stroke.

Clopidogrel is also used together with other medicines to prevent blood clots in people who have had stents inserted into their heart arteries.

This medicine may also be used to treat other conditions such as peripheral arterial disease (where there is some blockage or narrowing of arteries) or heart disease.

How do I take this medicine?

Take Clopidogrel exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.

You may take this medicine with or without food. Try to take it at the same time each day.

Clopidogrel must be taken regularly for it be effective. Continue taking this medicine even when you feel better. Do not stop taking it unless instructed by the doctor.

What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to take your medicine, let your doctor and pharmacist know.

When should I not use this medicine?

Alert your doctor if you have heart disease or stomach ulcers, especially if you have ever bled from a stomach ulcer as this medicine may not be suitable for you.

What should I take note of while taking this medicine?

Inform your doctor if you have:
  • kidney disease
  • heart disease
  • liver disease
  • bleeding disorders
  • suffered from stroke
Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

As Clopidogrel may increase the length of time needed to stop bleeding, alert your doctor if you have any recent injury, surgery or condition that puts you at a higher risk of bleeding.

If you are going for an operation, including minor operations and dental work, inform your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medicine.

Do not participate in activities in which you may fall or get injured, such as contact sports. Alert your doctor if you get any unusual bruising (large bruises or several bruises) or bleeding that takes a long time to stop (for example, too much bleeding when you floss or brush your teeth).

What lifestyle changes can I make to improve my condition?

If you smoke, you should try to quit. Smoking is harmful to your blood vessels and overall health. It has been shown that smoking will make your condition worse. Speak to your doctor or pharmacist about ways to kick your smoking habit.

Regular exercise will help to gradually improve your condition by improving your blood circulation. However, you should not over-exert yourself. Speak to your doctor about what type of exercise would be suitable for you.

You should also keep an eye on your cholesterol levels. Cholesterol build-up in the arteries can reduce blood flow and make the arteries stiff and narrow. Stick to a healthy, low fat diet that includes lots of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Certain genetic traits can affect this drug's effectiveness and can enhance its side effects. Patients who are intermediate or poor metaboliser of CYP2C19 may respond poorer to this medicine and have an increased risk of developing side effects. In some exceptional cases, your doctor may advise you to take genetic testing to check if this drug is best suited for you.

What side effects could I experience?

Clopidogrel may cause any of the following side effects: abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, and itchy rashes.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following:
  • unusual bleeding, especially excessive bleeding or bleeding that takes a long time to stop
  • unusual bruises, especially if the bruises appear by themselves or if they cover a large area
  • yellowish tinge of the skin or the eyes
  • rashes with peeling of the skin or blistering of the lips, mouth or eyes accompanied by fever
Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.

Can I take this with other medicines?

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:
  • other blood-thinning medicines e.g. warfarin, aspirin, ticlopidine
  • medicines for pain and inflammation (NSAIDs) e.g. diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen, mefenamic acid
  • stomach medicines e.g. omeprazole, esomeprazole, cimetidine
  • medicines to treat fungal infections e.g. ketoconazole, fluconazole
  • medicines for epilepsy (fits or seizures) e.g. carbamazepine, phenytoin
  • medicines for depression e.g. fluvoxamine, fluoxetine
This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Clopidogrel.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Avoid alcohol.

How should I store this medicine?

Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.

This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Clopidogrel- Oral and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2019 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com

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