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Emtricitabine - Oral - Patient Medicine Information

> Why do I need this medicine?
> How do I take this medicine?
> What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?
> What should I take note of while taking this medicine?
> What side effects could I experience?
> Can I take this with other medicines?
> What special dietary instructions should I follow?
> How should I store this medicine?

 

Why do I need this medicine?

Emtricitabine is used together with other medicines to treat Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

How do I take this medicine?

Take Emtricitabine exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.

You may take this medicine with or without food. Try to take it at the same time each day.

If you are taking an oral suspension, shake the bottle well before you take it to ensure that the liquid is evenly mixed. Use the measuring spoon or cup provided to measure your dose.

Emtricitabine must be taken regularly for it to be effective. Do not stop taking it unless instructed by your doctor.

What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal dosing schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to take your medicine, let your doctor and pharmacist know.

What should I take note of while taking this medicine?

Inform your doctor if you have kidney and liver disease.

Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

This medicine does not reduce your risk of passing the HIV infection to others through sexual contact or through contamination with infected blood. Ensure that you take proper precautions to avoid spreading the HIV infection to others.

In addition, while undergoing treatment you may continue to develop other infections or experience other health problems related to your HIV infection. Always keep your doctor updated on your condition and go for your appointed checkups.

If you have both HIV infection and hepatitis B infection, do not stop taking Emtricitabine without discussing with your doctor as your hepatitis B infection may worsen. Your doctor may order regular blood tests for you for several months after stopping Emtricitabine to make sure your hepatitis B infection is under control.

What side effects could I experience?

Emtricitabine may cause dizziness. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert.

Other side effects include any of the following: headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, indigestion, stomach pain, rash, muscle pain, joint pain, weakness, cough, difficulty sleeping, unusual dreams and darkening of the skin usually on the palms, soles or lips.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following:

- numbness or tingling sensation in the hands and feet
- pain and inflammation inside the ears
- nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite, rapid breathing, and weakness affecting motion

Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.

Can I take this with other medicines?

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking other medicines used to treat viral infections e.g. ribavarin, lamivudine, valganciclovir or ganciclovir.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Avoid alcohol.

How should I store this medicine?

Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.

Emtricitabine oral suspension should be refrigerated between 2-8°C before opening and stored at a temperature below 25°C after opening. Discard the solution 45 days after opening.

This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Emtricitabine - Oral and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2019 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com

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