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Other Available Patient Medicine Information

> Melphalan - Oral

Melphalan - Intravenous - Patient Medicine Information

> Why do I need this medicine?
> How do I use this medicine?
> What should I do if I have forgotten to use this medicine?
> When should I not use this medicine?
> What should I take note of while using this medicine?
> What side effects could I experience?
> Can I use this with other medicines?
> What special dietary instructions should I follow?
> How should I store this medicine?

 
Available Brands

Why do I need this medicine?

Melphalan is used to treat cancer of the blood, ovary, skin and soft tissue (e.g. muscle, fat, blood vessels, or other supporting tissue of the body).

This medicine may also be used to treat neuroblastoma (cancer of nervous system) in children.

How do I use this medicine?

Melphalan is to be injected into the vein (intravenously) via drip. It is delivered into the bloodstream via the blood vessel.

Your doctor or nurse will administer the injection for you.

The dose of this medicine will be decided by your doctor. Your doctor will advise you on the course of the treatment depending on your condition and response to the medication.

What should I do if I have forgotten to use this medicine?

Ensure that you keep all appointments with your doctor so that you do not miss any dose. Your doctor also needs to regularly monitor your response to Melphalan.

If you miss an appointment or miss an injection with your doctor, alert your doctor or nurse. A replacement appointment or infusion should be given as soon as possible.

When should I not use this medicine?

Do not use Melphalan if you are on your first trimester of pregnancy or planning to have a baby soon. If you become pregnant while being treated with this medicine, alert your doctor immediately. Melphalan may cause harm to your unborn child.

It is important that you do not get pregnant or father a child while being treated with this medicine. You must use proven birth control methods while using this medicine. You may wish to discuss birth control methods with your doctor or pharmacist.

Do not breastfeed while you are being treated with this medicine.

What should I take note of while using this medicine?

Inform your doctor if you have the following conditions:
  • have recently received or currently receiving radiation therapy or chemotherapy
  • kidney disease
  • blood disorders
Be sure to check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving this medicine to an elderly. Elderly may be more sensitive to the side effects.

Inform your doctor if you have been recently vaccinated. Do not receive any vaccinations without first asking your doctor.

For as long as you are using this medicine, you may need to have regular blood tests to check your body’s response to the medicine. Your doctor will advise you about how often you need to have blood tests.

What side effects could I experience?

Melphalan may cause dizziness. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert.

This medicine may cause the level of your red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets to drop.

Red blood cells carry oxygen around your body. A fall in the level of red blood cells may make you feel tired and worn out.

White blood cells help your body to fight infections. A fall in the level of your white blood cells may put you at higher risk for infections, such as coughs, colds and flu, which may lead to more serious infections. Avoid crowded places and people who are sick. Alert your doctor if you have a fever, or a cough or flu that does not go away.

Platelets help your blood to clot when there is a cut in the skin. A fall in the level of your platelets may put you at risk of bleeding more than usual. Do not take part in activities where you may fall or get injured, such as contact sports. Alert your doctor if you get any unusual bruising (large bruises or several bruises, especially if the bruises appeared on their own) or bleeding that takes a long time to stop (for example, too much bleeding when you floss or brush your teeth).

Other side effects include any of the following: swelling of the ankles, feet or hand, fatigue, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, mouth sore, muscle weakness, cramping or numbness, and injection site pain or swelling.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following: rashes, breathlessness, swollen mouth or eyes.

Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.

Can I use this with other medicines?

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:
  • nalidixic acid (antibiotic)
  • ciclosporin (medicines used in organ transplant or certain immune disorders)
  • other medicines used to treat cancer e.g. cisplatin, carmustine
  • vaccines
This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Melphalan.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Avoid alcohol.

How should I store this medicine?

Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children. Protect from light.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.

This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Melphalan - Intravenous and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2019 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com

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