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Prednisone - Oral - Patient Medicine Information

> Why do I need this medicine?
> How do I take this medicine?
> What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?
> When should I not use this medicine?
> What should I take note of while taking this medicine?
> What side effects could I experience?
> Can I take this with other medicines?
> What special dietary instructions should I follow?
> How should I store this medicine?

 

Why do I need this medicine?

Prednisone is used to relieve inflammation or suppress the strength of the body’s immune system. It is used to treat a wide variety of diseases such as allergies, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis (inflammation of joints), lupus (autoimmune disease that causes inflammation) and inflammatory bowel diseases (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease).

This medicine may be used to treat other conditions as decided by your doctor.

How do I take this medicine?

Take Prednisone exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.

Take this medicine together with food or immediately after a meal.

If you are given the tablet, swallow it whole. Do not divide, chew or crush the tablet.

If you are given the oral solution, use the measuring spoon or cup provided to measure your dose.

Try to take it at the same time each day.

Prednisone must be taken regularly for it to be effective. Continue taking this medicine even when you feel better. Do not stop taking it suddenly as this may worsen your condition. Your doctor may want to reduce the dose of Prednisone gradually before stopping it completely.

What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal dosing schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to take your medicine, let your doctor and pharmacist know.

When should I not use this medicine?

Alert your doctor if you have an infection or if you had been vaccinated with a live virus vaccine as this medicine may not be suitable for you.

What should I take note of while taking this medicine?

Inform your doctor if you have the following conditions:
  • heart disease
  • liver disease
  • kidney disease
  • eye disease such as glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye) and cataract (clouding of the lens in the eye)
  • thyroid disease
  • diabetes
  • stomach disease e.g. stomach ulcer
  • epilepsy (fits or seizures)
  • history of tuberculosis or active tuberculosis
  • myasthenia gravis (muscle weakness disorder)
  • osteoporosis (thinning of bones)
  • emotional instability or mental disorders
Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Be sure to check with your doctor or pharmacist before giving this medicine to a child. If your child is taking Prednisone, monitoring of height maybe needed.

Inform your doctor if you have been recently vaccinated. Do not receive any vaccinations without first asking your doctor.

Avoid people who have chickenpox, shingles or measles. Inform your doctor right away if you do come into contact with people who have these diseases.

If you are going for an operation, including minor surgery or dental work, inform your doctor or dentist that you are taking Prednisone.

Keep your appointments with your doctor. Your doctor needs to monitor your condition and check your response to the medication regularly.

- Routine blood tests (glucose, electrolytes, hemoglobin), eye examination and chest x-ray will be done while you are being treated with this medicine.
- Regular monitoring of blood pressure and signs of infection may also be needed.

What side effects could I experience?

Prednisone may cause any of the following side effects: headache, difficulty sleeping, increased appetite, weight gain, indigestion, nausea, stomach pain and muscle weakness or pain.

Some side effects may need immediate medical help. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience any of the following:
  • unusual changes in mood or behaviour (being too depressed, agitated or having compulsive and impulsive behaviour)
  • hallucination (seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not existent)
  • breathlessness
  • swelling of the face, mouth or lips
Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.

Can I take this with other medicines?

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:
  • medicines for diabetes e.g. insulin
  • medicines for heart disease e.g. digoxin
  • medicines used in organ transplant or certain immune disorders e.g. ciclosporin
  • birth control pills e.g. estrogen
  • certain antibiotics e.g. erythromycin
  • medicines for fungal infections e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole
  • medicines to treat tuberculosis or TB e.g. rifampicin
  • medicines for HIV infections e.g. indinavir, ritonavir
  • medicines for epilepsy (fits or seizures) e.g. phenytoin
  • medicines for pain and inflammation e.g. ibuprofen
  • blood-thinning medicines e.g. aspirin, warfarin
This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Prednisone.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Avoid alcohol.

Cut down on your sodium and potassium intake. Speak to your doctor or dietitian about ways to cut down on your salt intake.

How should I store this medicine?

Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.

This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Prednisone - Oral and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2019 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com

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