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Raltegravir - Oral - Patient Medicine Information

> Why do I need this medicine?
> How do I take this medicine?
> What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?
> When should I not use this medicine?
> What should I take note of while taking this medicine?
> What side effects could I experience?
> Can I take this with other medicines?
> What special dietary instructions should I follow?
> How should I store this medicine?

 
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Why do I need this medicine?

Raltegravir is used together with other medicines to slow down the progression of Human Immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1).

How do I take this medicine?

Take Raltegravir exactly as directed by your doctor or according to the instructions on the label. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor.

You may take this medicine with or without food. Try to take it at the same time each day.

The dose of this medicine will be decided by your doctor. Your doctor will advise you on the treatment regimen depending on your age, weight and condition.

This medicine is available as a tablet, chewable tablet or oral granules (to be dissolved to form an oral suspension).

If you are taking an oral suspension, shake the bottle well before you take it to ensure that the liquid is evenly mixed. Use the measuring spoon or cup provided to measure your dose.

Raltegravir must be taken regularly for it to be effective. Continue taking this medicine even when you feel better. Do not stop taking it unless instructed otherwise, as stopping it suddenly could worsen your condition.

What should I do if I have forgotten to take this medicine?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal dosing schedule.

DO NOT double a dose under any circumstances.

If you often forget to take your medicine, let your doctor and pharmacist know.

When should I not use this medicine?

Do not take this medicine if you ever had an allergic reaction (rashes, breathlessness, swollen eyes) to Raltegravir or any other similar medicines.

Do not take this medicine if you are breastfeeding.

What should I take note of while taking this medicine?

Inform your doctor if you have the following conditions:
  • mental illness (e.g. depression, anxiety disorder)
  • serious liver disease (e.g. hepatitis B and C)
  • unexplained muscle pain, tenderness or weakness
Let your doctor know if you are pregnant.

Raltegravir does not reduce your risk of passing HIV infection to others through sexual contact or through contamination with infected blood. Ensure that you use proper precautions to avoid spreading HIV infection to others.

Both this medicine and HIV may weaken your immune system, leaving you more vulnerable to infections. Avoid crowded places or those who are sick to minimise the risk of catching an infection. While undergoing treatment, you may develop other infections or experience other health problems. Always keep your doctor updated on your condition.

Keep your appointments with your doctor. Your doctor needs to monitor your condition and check your response to the medication regularly. You may need to have routine blood tests (e.g. liver and kidney function test, cholesterol levels, amount of HIV in a blood sample) while you are being treated with this medicine. Your doctor will advise you about how often you will need to have these tests.

What side effects could I experience?

Raltegravir may cause dizziness. If affected, do not drive or take part in any activity in which you need to be alert.

Other side effects include any of the following: headache, insomnia and rash, abnormal dreams, dizziness, fatigue, mood changes, nausea, decreased appetite, diarrhoea, abdominal pain.

If you develop rashes, breathlessness, swollen mouth or eyes, stop taking this medicine and inform your doctor quickly. These could be signs of an allergic reaction.

Some side effects may be serious, although they are not common. Alert your doctor quickly if you experience:
  • unusual changes in mood (being too depressed, agitated, or having compulsive and impulsive behaviour)
  • joint aches, pain and stiffness or difficulty in movement
  • symptoms of infection (e.g. fever, fatigue)
  • rashes with skin peeling or blisters/rashes with peeling of the skin or blistering of the lips, mouth or eyes accompanied by fever
Inform your doctor if any of these side effects do not go away or are severe, or if you experience other side effects.

Can I take this with other medicines?

Inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any of these medicines:
  • medicines to neutralise stomach acid (e.g aluminium hydroxide, magnesium carbonate)
  • antibiotic (e.g. rifampicin)
This list does not include all medicines that may interact with Raltegravir.

Always notify your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics such as traditional Chinese medicines, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.

What special dietary instructions should I follow?

Avoid alcohol.

How should I store this medicine?

Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children.

Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.

Granules that have been mixed with any kind of food cannot be stored for future use. All leftover portions should be thrown away. You should mix up a fresh dose each time. DO NOT open the packet of granules until you are ready to use it. The granules must be consumed within 15 minutes of opening the foil packet.

This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Raltegravir - Oral and is provided for your reference only. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and/or the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2019 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com

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