Pharmacology: The major function of calcium is to build and maintain bones and teeth. It is essential for healthy blood and helps regulate the heartbeat and assists in the process of blood clotting. It plays a part in muscle contraction and nerve transmission. It also activates several enzymes and regulates the passage of nutrients in and out of the cell walls.
The most important role of vitamin D is maintenance of calcium blood levels. Therefore, when choosing calcium supplements, those that also contain the RDA of vitamin D are preferred.