Ceritinib


Concise Prescribing Info
Indications/Uses
ALK-positive metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Adult : PO 750 mg once daily. Missed dose should be given if >12 hours before the next scheduled dose. Dose reduction, dosing interruption, or discontinuation may be required according to individual safety and tolerability (refer to detailed product guideline).
Dosage Details
Oral
Metastatic non-small cell lung carcinoma
Adult: In patient with ALK-positive tumours: 750 mg once daily. Missed dose should be given if >12 hours before the next scheduled dose. Dose reduction, dosing interruption, or discontinuation may be required according to individual safety and tolerability (refer to detailed product guideline).
Special Patient Group
Patient taking CYP3A inhibitors: Reduce dose by approx 1/3, resume to usual dose upon discontinuation of treatment.
Renal Impairment
Severe: Not recommended.
Hepatic Impairment
Severe (Child-Pugh class C): Reduce by approx 1/3.
Administration
Should be taken with food. Take at the same time each day.
Contraindications
Congenital long QT syndrome. Concomitant use with β-blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, clonidine, digoxin, strong CYP3A inducers.
Special Precautions
Patient with cardiac diseases, bradycardia, predisposition for QTc prolongation, bradyarrhythmia, electrolyte abnormalities, diabetes mellitus. Severe renal and hepatic impairment. Pregnancy and lactation. Concomitant use with QT prolonging drugs (e.g. pimozide, thioridazine).
Adverse Reactions
Significant: Bradycardia, gastrointestinal toxicity (e.g. diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain), hyperglycaemia, hepatotoxicity, QTc interval prolongation, increased ALT/AST, blood creatinine, increased serum amylase and lipase.
Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Anemia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia.
Cardiac disorders: Pericardial effusion, pericarditis.
Eye disorders: Vision impairment, blurred vision, decreased visual acuity, accommodation disorder, presbyopia, photopsia, vitreous floaters.
Gastrointestinal disorders: Constipation, dyspepsia, GERD, dysphagia.
General disorders and administration site conditions: Fatigue, asthenia, pyrexia, fever.
Investigations: Weight loss, hypophosphataemia, increased gamma-glutamyl transferase, decreased serum phosphate, increased serum alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin, increased serum creatinine.
Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Decreased appetite.
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Non-cardiac chest pain, back, limb, musculoskeletal pain.
Nervous system disorders: Headache, dizziness, neuropathy.
Renal and urinary disorders: Azotaemia, renal impairment, injury or failure.
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Cough, pleural effusion, respiratory tract infection.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Rash, maculo-papular rash, dermatitis acneiform, pruritus.
Potentially Fatal: Bradycardia, interstitial lung disease/pneumonitis. Rarely, pancreatitis.
Patient Counseling Information
This drug may cause fatigue, dizziness or eye disorders, if affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
MonitoringParameters
Establish ALK positivity and correct electrolyte abnormalities prior to initiation of treatment. Monitor renal function and LFT (including ALT, AST, total bilirubin) at baseline and monthly during therapy; fasting blood glucose, serum amylase and lipase levels, blood pressure, cardiac function (e.g. heart rate, QTc interval) periodically; signs and symptoms of pancreatitis, and gastrointestinal and pulmonary toxicities.
Drug Interactions
Increased risk of QTc prolongation with antiarrhythmics (e.g. quinidine). Enhanced hyperglycaemic effect with corticosteroids. Increased exposure with strong CYP3A inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole, ritonavir, telithromycin, nefazodone). Decreased exposure with strong CYP3A inducer (e.g. carbamazepine, phenobarbital, rifampicin). May decrease bioavailability with proton pump inhibitors, H2-receptor antagonists, antacids. May increase serum concentration of CYP3A substrates (e.g. ciclosporin, ergotamine, fentanyl, pimozide), CYP2C9 substrates (e.g. phenytoin, warfarin).
Potentially Fatal: Increased risk of bradycardia with β-blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers (e.g. diltiazem), clonidine, digoxin.
Food Interaction
Food increases exposure. Increased exposure with grapefruit or grapefruit juice. Decreased exposure with St. John’s wort.
Action
Description: Ceritinib is a selective and potent inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), a tyrosine kinase involved in the pathogenesis of non-small cell lung carcinoma. It prevents autophosphorylation of ALK, ALK-mediated phosphorylation of the downstream signalling protein and decreases proliferation of ALK-dependent cancer cells.
Pharmacokinetics:
Absorption: Food increases exposure. Time to peak plasma concentration: Approx 4-6 hours.
Distribution: Volume of distribution: 4,230 L. Plasma protein binding: Approx 97%.
Metabolism: Metabolised in the liver by CYP3A via mono-oxygenation, O-dealkylation, N-formylation; further metabolised via glucuronidation and dehydrogenation.
Excretion: Mainly via faeces (approx 92%; 68% as unchanged drug); urine (approx 1%). Elimination half-life: 31-41 hours.
Chemical Structure

Chemical Structure Image
Ceritinib

Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information. PubChem Database. Ceritinib, CID=57379345, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Ceritinib (accessed on Jan. 21, 2020)

Storage
Store at 25°C.
This is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable procedures for receiving, handling, administration, and disposal.
ATC Classification
L01XE28 - ceritinib ; Belongs to the class of protein kinase inhibitors, other antineoplastic agents. Used in the treatment of cancer.
References
Anon. Ceritinib. AHFS Clinical Drug Information [online]. Bethesda, MD. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. https://www.ahfscdi.com. Accessed 04/04/2018.

Anon. Ceritinib. Lexicomp Online. Hudson, Ohio. Wolters Kluwer Clinical Drug Information, Inc. https://online.lexi.com. Accessed 04/04/2018.

Buckingham R (ed). Ceritinib. Martindale: The Complete Drug Reference [online]. London. Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 04/04/2018.

Joint Formulary Committee. Ceritinib. British National Formulary [online]. London. BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press. https://www.medicinescomplete.com. Accessed 04/04/2018.

Zykadia Capsule (Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation). DailyMed. Source: U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/. Accessed 04/04/2018.

Disclaimer: This information is independently developed by MIMS based on Ceritinib from various references and is provided for your reference only. Therapeutic uses, prescribing information and product availability may vary between countries. Please refer to MIMS Product Monographs for specific and locally approved prescribing information. Although great effort has been made to ensure content accuracy, MIMS shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise. Copyright © 2020 MIMS. All rights reserved. Powered by MIMS.com
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