Dacatec

Dacatec

daclatasvir

Manufacturer:

Zifam Pinnacle

Distributor:

Pinnacle House
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Daclatasvir.
Description
Each film coated tablet contains: Daclatasvir Dihydrochloride 65.92 mg equivalent to Daclatasvir 60mg.
Excipients/Inactive Ingredients: q.s.
Colour: Indigo Carmine Aluminium Lake, Yellow Iron Oxide, Titanium Dioxide BP.
Action
Therapeutic category: Antiviral.
Pharmacology: Daclatasvir is an inhibitor of nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A), a multifunctional protein that is an essential component of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication complex. Daclatasvir inhibits both viral RNA replication and virion assembly. Identification of NS5A as the drug target was based on inhibitor-binding and mapping, inhibitor-induced resistant mutations and crystal structure modelling. Results indicate that Daclatasvir acts at the N-terminus of the protein.
The pharmacokinetic properties of Daclatasvir were evaluated in healthy adult subjects and in patients with chronic HCV. Following multiple oral doses of Daclatasvir 60 mg once daily in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin in treatment-naive patients with genotype 1 chronic HCV, the geometric mean (CV%) Daclatasvir Cmax was 1534 (58) ng/ml, AUC 0-24h was 14122 (70) ng•h/ml, and Cmin was 232 (83) ng/ml.
Daclatasvir administered as a tablet was readily absorbed following multiple oral doses with peak plasma concentrations occurring between 1 and 2 hours.
Absorption: Daclatasvir Cmax, AUC, and Cmin increased in a near dose-proportional manner. Steady state was achieved after 4 days of once-daily administration. At the 60 mg dose, exposure to Daclatasvir was similar between healthy subjects and HCV-infected patients.
In vitro and in vivo studies showed that Daclatasvir is a substrate of P-gp. The absolute bioavailability of the tablet formulation is 67%.
Effect of food on oral absorption: In healthy subjects, administration of Daclatasvir 60 mg tablet after a high-fat meal decreased Daclatasvir Cmax and AUC by 28% and 23%, respectively, compared with administration under fasting conditions. Administration of Daclatasvir 60 mg tablet after a light meal resulted in no reduction in Daclatasvir exposure.
Indications/Uses
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) is indicated in combination with other medicinal products for the treatment of chronic HCV infection in adults.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Treatment with Dacatec (Daclatasvir) should be initiated and monitored by a physician experienced in the management of chronic hepatitis C.
Posology: The recommended dose of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) is 60 mg once daily, to be taken orally with or without meals.
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) must be administered in combination with other medicinal products. The Summary of Product Characteristics for the other medicinal products in the regimen should also be consulted before initiation of therapy with Dacatec (Daclatasvir).
Recommended regimens and treatment duration are provided in Table. (See Table 1.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

Dose modification of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) to manage adverse reactions is not recommended. If treatment interruption of components in the regimen is necessary because of adverse reactions, Dacatec (Daclatasvir) must not be given as monotherapy.
There are no virologic treatment stopping rules that apply to the combination of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with sofosbuvir.
It is unlikely that patients with inadequate on-treatment virologic response will achieve a sustained virologic response (SVR); therefore discontinuation of treatment is recommended in these patients. The HCV RNA thresholds that trigger discontinuation of treatment (i.e. treatment stopping rules) are presented in Table. (See Table 2.)

Click on icon to see table/diagram/image

The dose of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) should be reduced to 30 mg once daily when coadministered with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 and 90 mg once daily when coadministered with moderate inducers of CYP3A4.
Patients should be instructed that, if they miss a dose of Dacatec (Daclatasvir), the dose should be taken as soon as possible if remembered within 20 hours of the scheduled dose time. However, if the missed dose is remembered more than 20 hours after the scheduled dose, the dose should be skipped and the next dose taken at the appropriate time.
Method of administration: Dacatec (Daclatasvir) is to be taken orally with or without meals. Patients should be instructed to swallow the tablet whole. The film-coated tablet should not be chewed or crushed due the unpleasant taste of the active substance.
Overdosage
There is limited experience of accidental overdose of Daclatasvir in clinical studies. In phase 1 clinical studies, healthy subjects who received up to 100 mg once daily for up to 14 days or single doses up to 200 mg had no unexpected adverse reactions.
There is no known antidote for overdose of Daclatasvir. Treatment of overdose with Daclatasvir should consist of general supportive measures, including monitoring of vital signs, and observation of the patient's clinical status. Because Daclatasvir is highly protein bound (99%) and has a molecular weight >500, dialysis is unlikely to significantly reduce plasma concentrations of Daclatasvir.
Contraindications
Hypersensitivity to the active substance or to any of the excipients.
Coadministration with medicinal products that strongly induce cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and P-glycoprotein transporter (P-gp) and thus may lead to lower exposure and loss of efficacy of Daclatasvir. These active substances include but are not limited to phenytoin, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, systemic dexamethasone, and the herbal product St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum).
Special Precautions
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) must not be administered as monotherapy.
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) must be administered in combination with other medicinal products for the treatment of chronic HCV infection.
Should concomitant use of amiodarone be considered necessary it is recommended that patients are closely monitored when initiating Dacatec (Daclatasvir) in combination with sofosbuvir. All patients receiving Dacatec (Daclatasvir) and sofosbuvir in combination with amiodarone with or without other drugs that lower heart rate should also be warned of the symptoms of bradycardia and heart block and should be advised to seek medical advice urgently should they experience them.
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) has not been studied in patients with HCV genotypes 5 and 6, and no regimen recommendation can be given.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
There are no data from the use of Daclatasvir in pregnant women.
Studies of Daclatasvir in animals have shown embryotoxic and teratogenic effects.
The potential risk for humans is unknown.
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) should not be used during pregnancy or in women of childbearing potential not using contraception.
Use of highly effective contraception should be continued for 5 weeks after completion of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) therapy.
Since Dacatec (Daclatasvir) is used in combination with other agents, the contraindications and warnings for those medicinal products are applicable.
For detailed recommendations regarding pregnancy and contraception, refer to the Summary of Product Characteristics for ribavirin and peginterferon alfa.
It is not known whether Daclatasvir is excreted in human milk. Available pharmacokinetic and toxicological data in animals have shown excretion of Daclatasvir and metabolites in milk. A risk to the newborn/infant cannot be excluded. Mothers should be instructed not to breastfeed if they are taking Dacatec (Daclatasvir).
Adverse Reactions
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) in combination with sofosbuvir: The most frequently reported adverse reactions were fatigue, headache, and nausea. No Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions were reported.
Dacatec (Daclatasvir) in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin: The most frequently reported adverse reactions were fatigue, headache, pruritus, anaemia, influenza-like illness, nausea, insomnia, neutropenia, asthenia, rash, decreased appetite, dry skin, alopecia, pyrexia, myalgia, irritability, cough, diarrhoea, dyspnoea and arthralgia.
Dizziness has been reported during treatment with Dacatec (Daclatasvir) in combination with sofosbuvir, and dizziness, disturbance in attention, blurred vision and reduced visual acuity have been reported during treatment with Dacatec (Daclatasvir) in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin.
Drug Interactions
Coadministration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) can alter the concentration of other medicinal products and other medicinal products may alter the concentration of Daclatasvir.
The dose of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) should be reduced to 30 mg once daily when coadministered with boceprevir, telaprevir, atazanavir/ritonavir, cobicistat, atazanavir/cobicistat, clarithromycin, telithromycin, ketoconazole or other strong inhibitors of CYP3A4.
The dose of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) should be increased to 90 mg once daily when coadministered with efavirenz.
Due to the lack of data, coadministration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) and etravirine or nevirapine is not recommended.
Administration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with erythromycin may result in increased concentrations of Daclatasvir. Caution is advised.
Safety monitoring is advised when initiating treatment with Dacatec (Daclatasvir) in patients receiving dabigatran etexilate or other intestinal P-gp substrates that have a narrow therapeutic range.
Coadministration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin or other strong inducers of CYP3A4 is contraindicated. Modest increases in concentrations of Daclatasvir are expected, but no dose adjustment of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) or fluconazole is required.
Coadministration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine or other strong inducers of CYP3A4 is contraindicated.
Digoxin should be used with caution when coadministered with Dacatec (Daclatasvir). The lowest dose of digoxin should be initially prescribed. The serum digoxin concentrations should be monitored and used for titration of digoxin dose to obtain the desired clinical effect.
Use only if no other alternative is available. Close monitoring is recommended if this medicinal product is administered with Dacatec (Daclatasvir) in combination with sofosbuvir.
Administration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with any of calcium channel blockers may result in increased concentrations of Daclatasvir. Caution is advised.
Administration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with verapamil may result in increased concentrations of Daclatasvir. Caution is advised.
Coadministration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with systemic dexamethasone or other strong inducers of CYP3A4 is contraindicated.
Coadministration of Dacatec (Daclatasvir) with St. John's wort or other strong inducers of CYP3A4 is contraindicated.
An oral contraceptive containing ethinylestradiol 35 μg and norgestimate 0.180/0.215/0.250 mg is recommended with Dacatec (Daclatasvir). Other oral contraceptives have not been studied.
Caution should be used when Dacatec (Daclatasvir) is coadministered with rosuvastatin or other substrates of OATP 1B1 or BCRP.
Storage
Store in cool and dry place, protected from light.
Shelf Life: 24 months.
MIMS Class
Antivirals
ATC Classification
J05AP07 - daclatasvir ; Belongs to the class of antivirals for treatment of HCV infections. Used in the treatment of hepatitis C viral infections.
Presentation/Packing
FC tab 60 mg x 30's.
Register or sign in to continue
Asia's one-stop resource for medical news, clinical reference and education
Sign up for free
Already a member? Sign in