Tabulated list of adverse reactions: The following adverse drug reactions have been identified or suspected in the clinical trials programme for esomeprazole and post-marketing. None was found to be dose-related. The reactions are classified according to frequency (very common >1/10; common ≥1/100 to <1/10; uncommon ≥
Blood and lymphatic system disorders: Rare: Leukopenia, thrombocytopenia. Very rare: Agranulocytosis, pancytopenia.
Immune system disorders: Rare: Hypersensitivity reactions e.g. fever, angioedema and anaphylactic reaction/shock.
Metabolism and nutrition disorders: Uncommon: Peripheral oedema. Rare: Hyponatraemia. Not known: Hypomagnesaemia; severe hypomagnesaemia can correlate with hypocalcaemia. Hypomagnesaemia may also be associated with hypokalaemia.
Psychiatric disorders: Uncommon: Insomnia. Rare: Agitation, confusion, depression. Very rare: Aggression, hallucinations.
Nervous system disorders: Common: Headache. Uncommon: Dizziness, paraesthesia, somnolence. Rare: Taste disturbance.
Eye disorders: Rare: Blurred vision.
Ear and labyrinth disorders: Uncommon: Vertigo.
Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders: Rare: Bronchospasm.
Gastrointestinal disorders: Common: Abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhoea, flatulence, nausea/vomiting, fundic gland polyps (benign). Uncommon: Dry mouth. Rare: Stomatitis, gastrointestinal candidiasis. Not known: Microscopic colitis.
Hepatobiliary disorders: Uncommon: Increased liver enzymes. Rare: Hepatitis with or without jaundice. Very rare: Hepatic failure, encephalopathy in patients with pre-existing liver disease.
Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders: Uncommon: Dermatitis, pruritus, rash, urticaria. Rare: Alopecia, photosensitivity. Very rare: Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Not known: Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus.
Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders: Uncommon: Fracture of the hip, wrist or spine. Rare: Arthralgia, myalgia. Very rare: Muscular weakness.
Renal and urinary disorders: Very rare: Interstitial nephritis; in some patients renal failure has been reported concomitantly.
Reproductive system and breast disorders: Very rare: Gynaecomastia.
General disorders and administration site conditions: Rare: Malaise, increased sweating.