Vitamins and minerals supplement with essential fatty acids which are needed by pregnant and lactating women and also as brain nutrition.
Omega-3 is a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Omega-3 is essential to neuronal and visual function. It plays an important role in brain development and function of fetus and children, and particularly important in pregnant and breastfeeding women. Two members of omega-3 fatty acid family are docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA).
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is essential for visual acuity and neurological development in infants. It becomes incorporated into nervous tissues mostly in utero during the first year of life. DHA is required for brain development and maintenance of its structure and functions. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is a metabolic precursor of DHA and may be converted to prostaglandins, thromboxanes and lipoxygenase products. EPA may contribute in lowering of blood pressure.