Zirin

Zirin

cetirizine

Manufacturer:

Mega Lifesciences

Distributor:

Maxxcare
Full Prescribing Info
Contents
Cetirizine dihydrochloride.
Description
Each Softgel Capsule Contains Cetirizine dihydrochloride 10 mg.
Excipient/Inactive Ingredients: Polyethylene glycol 400, Sodium hydroxide, Gelatin, Glycerin, Purified water.
Action
Pharmacology: Cetirizine hydrochloride is a second generation, long-acting antihistamine. The drug has been characterized as a selective, peripheral H1-receptor antagonist. It is the carboxylic acid metabolite of hydroxyzine. The increased polarity may decrease distribution of the drug into the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in reduced potential for adverse CNS effects compared with some first generation antihistamine.
Pharmacokinetics: Cetirizine hydrochloride is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Following oral administration of 10- or 20- mg doses of drug in healthy adult, peak plasma concentrations of 257-384 or 580 ng/ml, respectively, are achieved in about 1 hour. The antihistaminic effect of the drug (as measured by suppression of the wheal and flare response induced by intradermal injection of histamine) was apparent within 20 and 60 minutes in 50 and 95% of individuals, respectively, and persisted for about 24 hours.
Distribution of drug and its metabolites into human body tissues and fluids has not been fully elucidated. The substantial polarity of drug apparently limits distribution of the drug into the CNS. Drug is distributed into milk in humans and animals, approximately 93% bound to plasma proteins; protein binding appears to be independent of the concentration of the drug ranging from 25-1000 ng/ml, which includes usual therapeutic plasma concentrations.
Elimination may undergo biphasic elimination with an initial distribution half-life of about 3 hours and mean terminal elimination half-life about 8.3 hours (ranges: 6.5-10 hours). About 80% of the dose is excreted within 5 days, mainly (more than 50%) as unchanged drugs; most excretion occurs within 24 hours.
Indications/Uses
Symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis, perennial allergic rhinitis, and chronic idiopathic urticaria.
Dosage/Direction for Use
Take one capsule once daily or as directed by a physician.
Mode of Administration: Oral Administration.
Overdosage
Overdosage has been reported in individuals receiving cetirizine hydrochloride. Somnolence was reported in the adult who ingested 150 mg of drug; no other adverse effects, including clinical manifestations, abnormal blood chemistry, or abnormal hematology occurred in this individual. Restlessness and irritability followed by drowsiness were reported in an 18-month old child who ingested about 180 mg of drug. In acute overdosage, treatment should include symptomatic and supportive measures, taking into account the possibility of any concomitantly ingested drugs.
Contraindications
Cetirizine hydrochloride is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to cetirizine, hydroxyzine, or any ingredients in the formulation.
Special Precautions
Drowsiness may occur.
Avoid alcohol drinks.
Alcohol, sedatives, and tranquilizers may increase drowsiness.
Be careful when driving a motor vehicle or operating machinery.
Use In Pregnancy & Lactation
Because there are no adequate and controlled studies to date using cetirizine hydrochloride in pregnant women and animal studies are not always predictive of human response, drug should be used during pregnancy only when clearly needed. The use of cetirizine hydrochloride in lactating women is not recommended.
Side Effects
Somnolence, fatigue, headache, dry mouth, pharyngitis, dizziness, abdominal pain, coughing, diarrhea, epistaxis, bronchospasm, nausea and vomiting.
Drug Interactions
Because the cetirizine hydrochloride is metabolized only minimally in the liver and is excreted mainly uncharged in urine, it may have a low potential for adverse drug interactions associated with metabolic enzyme systems.
Caution For Usage
Do not use the product if there are any significant changes in appearance of the capsules.
Storage
Store below 30°C in a dry place, away from direct sunlight.
Shelf Life: Two years from manufacturing date.
MIMS Class
Antihistamines & Antiallergics
ATC Classification
R06AE07 - cetirizine ; Belongs to the class of piperazine derivatives used as systemic antihistamines.
Presentation/Packing
Soft-gelatin cap 10 mg x 5 x 10's.
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