Amara: Factors favouring hypoglycaemia include: Unwillingness or (more commonly in older patients) incapacity of the patient to cooperate; undernourishment, irregular mealtimes or skipped meals; imbalance between physical exertion and carbohydrate intake; alterations of diet; consumption of alcohol, especially in combination with skipped meals; impaired renal function; severe impairment of liver function; overdosage with Glimepiride; certain uncompensated disorders of the endocrine system affecting carbohydrate metabolism or counter regulation of hypoglycaemia (as for example in certain disorders of thyroid function and in anterior pituitary or corticoadrenal insufficiency); concurrent administration of certain other medicines, treatment with Glimepiride in the absence of any indication.
If such risk factors for hypoglycaemia are present, it may be necessary to adjust the dosage of Glimepiride or the entire therapy. This also applies whenever illness occurs during therapy or the patient's lifestyle changes.
Those symptoms of hypoglycaemia which reflect the body's adrenergic counter-regulation may be milder or absent where hypoglycaemia develops gradually, in the elderly, and where there is autonomic neuropathy or where the patient is receiving concurrent treatment with beta-blockers, clonidine, reserpine, guanethidine or other sympatholytic drugs.
Hypoglycaemia can almost always be promptly controlled by immediate intake of carbohydrates (glucose or sugar).
It is known from other sulfonylureas that, despite initially successful countermeasures, hypoglycaemia may recur. Patients must, therefore, remain under close observation.
Severe hypoglycaemia further requires immediate treatment and follow-up by a physician and, in some circumstances, in-patient hospital care.
Treatment of patients with G6PD-deficiency with sulfonylurea agents can lead to hemolytic anaemia.
Since Glimepiride belongs to the class of sulfonylurea agents, caution should be used in patients wtih G6PD-deficiency and a non-sulfonylurea alternatives should be considered.
Driving a Vehicle or Performing Other Hazardous Tasks: Alertness and reactions may be impaired due to hypo- or hyperglycaemia, especially when beginning or after altering treatment or when Glimepiride is not taken regularly. This may, for example, affect the ability to drive or to operate machinery.
Amara-4: Glimepiride must be taken shortly before or during a meal.
When meals are taken at irregular hours or skipped altogether, treatment with "Glimepiride Tablets" may lead to hypoglycaemia. Possible symptoms of hypoglycaemia include: headache, ravenous hunger, nausea, vomiting, lassitude, sleepiness, disordered sleep, restlessness, aggressiveness, impaired concentration, alertness and reaction time, depression, confusion, speech and visual disorders, aphasia, tremor, paresis, sensory disturbances, dizziness, helplessness, loss of self-control, delirium, cerebral convulsions, somnolence and loss of consciousness up to and including coma, shallow respiration and bradycardia. In addition, signs of adrenergic counter-regulation may be present such as sweating, clammy skin, anxiety, tachycardia, hypertension, palpitations, angina pectoris and cardiac arrhythmias.
The clinical picture of a severe hypoglycaemic attack may resemble that of a stroke.
Symptoms can almost always be promptly controlled by immediate intake carbohydrates (sugar). Artificial sweeteners have no effect.
It is known from other sulfonylureas that, despite initially successful countermeasures, hypoglycaemia may recur.
Severe hypoglycaemia or prolonged hypoglycaemia, only temporarily controlled by the usual amounts of sugar, require immediate medical treatment and occasionally hospitalisation.
Factors favouring hypoglycaemia include: unwillingness or (more commonly in older patients) incapacity of the patient to cooperate; undernutrition, irregular mealtimes or missed meals or periods of fasting; alterations in diet; imbalance between physical exertion and carbohydrate intake; consumption of alcohol, especially in combination with skipped meals; impaired renal function; serious liver dysfunction; overdosage with Glimepiride Tablets; certain uncompensated disorders of the endocrine system affecting carbohydrate metabolism or counter regulation of hypoglycaemia (as for example in certain disorders of thyroid function and in anterior pituitary or adrenocortical insufficiency); concurrent administration of certain other medicinal products.
Treatment with glimepiride tablets requires regular monitoring of glucose levels in blood and urine. In addition, determination of the proportion of glycosylated haemoglobin is recommended.
Regular hepatic and haematological monitoring (especially leucocytes and thrombocytes) are required during treatment with glimepiride tablets.
In stress-situations (e.g. accidents, acute operations, infections with fever etc) a temporary switch to insulin may be indicated.
No experience has been gained concerning the use of glimepiride tablets in patients with severe impairment of liver function or dialysis patients. In patients with severe impairment of renal or liver function change over to insulin is indicated.
Treatment of patients with G6PD-deficiency with sulfonylurea agents can lead to hemolytic anaemia. Since glimepiride belongs to the class of sulfonylurea agents, caution should be used in patients with G6PD-deficiency and a non-sulfonylurea alternative should be considered.
Glimepiride Tablets contains lactose monohydrate. Patients with rare hereditary problems of galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption should not take this medicine.
Sulfonylurea should not be used with Type I diabetes mellitus.