ferrous sulfate




Full Prescribing Info
Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate.
Oral drops: Each mL contains: Ferrous Sulfate Heptahydrate (equivalent to 25 mg elemental iron) 125 mg.
Syrup: Each 5 mL contains: Ferrous Sulfate Heptahydrate (equivalent to 30 mg elemental iron) 150 mg.
Pharmacology: Iron is an essential constituent of the body, being necessary for haemoglobin formation and for the oxidate processes of living tissues. The body contains about 4 g of iron most of which is present as haemoglobin. The remainder is present in storage forms, ferritin or haemosiderin in the reticuloendothelial system as myoglobin with smaller amounts occurring in heme-containing enzymes or plasma bound to transferrin.
Iron is absorbed chiefly in the duodenum and jejunum absorption being aided by the acid secretion in the stomach and being more readily affected when iron is in the ferrous state or is the part of the heme complex. Only about 5 to 15% of the iron in the average western diet each day is usually sufficient to maintain normal adults in iron equilibrium.
For iron deficiency anemia and other nutritional anemia.
Dosage/Direction for Use
125 mg/mL Oral drops: Infants under 3 months: 0.3 mL to 0.6 mL.
3 months to 1 year old: 0.6 mL to 1.2 mL to be given 2 or 3 times daily.
150 mg/5 mL Syrup: Adult 5 mL to 10 mL (1 to 2 teaspoonful) to be given 3 times daily.
Children: 2.5 mL to 5 mL (1/2 to 1 teaspoonful) to be given 3 times daily or as prescribed by the physician.
Treatment of Adverse Effects: In treating iron poisoning, speed is essential to block absorption of iron from the alimentary tract. In acute poisoning empty the stomach immediately by emesis and lavage using 1% to 5% solution of sodium in stomach.
Anemia not due to iron deficiency where there is intolerance to iron, inability to absorb it, or where ulcerative colitis, regional enteritis, colostomy, ileostomy or haemochromatosis are present.
Special Precautions
Iron salts should not be given to patients receiving repeated blood transfusions or to the patients with anemias produced by iron deficiency unless iron deficiency is present. Where anemia exist, its nature should be established and underlying causes determined. Severe gastrointestinal corrosion may occur in children ingesting excessive amount of iron, taking iron with food reduces the absorption of iron gastric irritation is also reduced.
Adverse Reactions
The oral administration of iron preparation sometimes produces gastrointestinal irritation and abdominal pain with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation.
Protect from light. Store at temperatures not exceeding 30°C.
ATC Classification
B03AA07 - ferrous sulfate ; Belongs to the class of oral iron bivalent preparations. Used in the treatment of anemia.
Syr 150 mg/5 mL x 60 mL. Oral drops 125 mg/mL x 15 mL, 30 mL.
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