Glimepiride is generally well-tolerated. However, following are the side effects reported during treatment with glimepiride.
Hypoglycemia: The greatest potential risk with all sulfonylureas.
Visual Reactions: There may be temporary visual impairment (eg, changes in accommodation and/or blurred vision) due to the change in blood glucose levels, especially at the start of treatment.
Gastrointestinal Reactions: Occasionally, GI symptoms eg, nausea, vomiting, sensations of pressure or fullness in the epigastrium, abdominal pain and diarrhea may occur.
Hematologic Reactions: Rarely, thrombocytopenia and in isolated cases, leukopenia may develop. In isolated instances, thrombocytopenic purpura, agranulocytosis, pancytopenia due to myelosuppression, eosinophilia, hemolytic anemia, aplastic anemia, erythrocytopenia and granulocytopenia may occur.
Dermatologic Reactions: Occasionally, allergic or pseudo-allergic skin reactions (eg, pruritus, erythema, urticaria, erythematous and maculo-papular and bullous skin eruptions or psoriasiform drug eruption) may occur in patients treated with sulfonylureas.
Hepatic Reactions: Increased liver enzymes (AST, ALT), abnormal liver function, cholestasis, cholestatic aernia, hepatitis, granulomatous hepatitis, bilirubinemia and liver failure have been reported with sulfonylureas in isolated cases.
Electrolyte Disturbance: In isolated cases, hyponatremia has been reported in patients receiving glimepiride and other sulfonylureas, most often in patients who are on other medications or have medical conditions known to cause hyponatremia or to increase release of antidiuretic hormone.
Others: Isolated cases of allergic vasculitis have been reported with sulfonylureas.